In addition, Europeans later took control of the Atlantic Slave Trade by trading slaves to North Americas, South America, and the Caribbeans. Europe then colonized and conquered some parts of Africa, and began trading any African to different nations. As for the slaves themselves, they faced unimaginable brutality. They were marched to the slave ports on the coast, shaved and branded onto ships. The times in the ships were very cruel, in fact, there was many diseases which led to
Slavery became more and more popular throughout the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Slaves were bought for many different reasons and faced harshed working and living conditions daily. Slaves were brought to various countries to work on different kinds of plantations such as cotton, tobacco, and sugar. Slaves were sent to cotton plantations in Egypt, clove plantations in Zanzibar, and to be grain producers in East Africa. Not only did they work on plantations but some countries, such as Spain, used slaves as soldiers to fight their battles.
The process of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade was a maniac and unsafe affair. Nevertheless, as the demand for slaves grew for the Europeans, African chiefs would organize raids to take people from other societies and frequently launch wars to capture victims for slave trade. People taken right out of their homes, fields, and villages; people’s lives changed instantly. In the book The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, Olaudah shows just how frightening, awful, and changing this experience really is for the good and the bad. The book begins with Equiano explaining the history of the place that he was born which is Eboe, a kingdom of Benin, located in Guinea.
Moreover, because of these varying needs, each revolution resulted with different outcomes. The Haitian Revolution eventually abolished slavery. Previously in Haiti, there was extensive brutality and terrible conditions for the mass amount of slaves brought in (many of them died to to theses conditions) to work immense labor were all set free in 1804. However, because of their independence, they went into debt because the French gave them no recognition as a
Slaves made up the vast majority of the population and were oppressed on a daily basis in the most naked ways and thoroughly deprived economically in a system that produced great wealth. For the slave population, the most pressing issue was the termination of slavery. As the colony was 90 percent slave, this issue was inevitably the focus of the revolution (Ott, 1973). Sugar production as well as coffee production depended on extensive manual labor provided by enslaved Africans in the harsh Saint-Domingue colonial plantation economy. Saint-Domingue produced over 60 percent of the world’s coffee and 40 percent of the world’s sugar.
For black women, however, the institution of slavery affected their psychological states, their marriages, and their family life. Slaves were frequently beaten, often without reason or cause. Their husbands were often sold to neighboring plantations, and female slaves were often terrorized by their male masters, ruining the sanctity of marriage amongst slave households (Brinkley 261). The children of female slaves were also often sold to other plantations, ripping apart the last remaining family that a female slave possessed (Northup, 12 Years a Slave). The constant auctioning of slaves and their children disturbed a female slaves ability to care for her children, and the sanctity of the family was ruined by the institution.
Not only did millions die on the voyage but millions died from being imprisoned in horrible dungeons while waiting to either board another ship or to be sold. The ships were over packed which meant more profit for the European merchants. Slaves were chained down and not given any room to move, they were placed under the deck, confide like prison. The slaves were malnourished, and this led to an outbreak of disease. During their long voyage, they were not called humans, some captains referred to the Africans as cattle they were simply carrying.
Instances of this kind are of daily, yea, of hourly occurrence.”(Brent 3.8) these occurrences in other books back up Douglass’s claim that slavery can led people to insanity. Through Douglass’s writing, the reader learns of how slavery takes its toll, not just on the slaves, but on everyone involved. Even the purest soul is destroyed, both the slave and the slave
I’m referring to the experience of slavery. In our history class and through the readings in our English class we have learned that African Americans were once forcefully brought here as slaves. As property, and animals that were here to work for whites. For centuries, African Americans experienced the traumatic events that many slaves had to survive, which consisted of abuse, violence, and suffering. Toni Morrison described it as the thought “That anybody white could take your whole self for anything that came to mind.