In 1857 the Dred Scott case was pulled into the supreme court. Dred Scott was claiming that even though he was a slave, He had been in a free country long enough to be a free citizen for the United States. The Supreme court ruled that blacks, with ancestors that were imported to become slaves weren’t aren’t able to become free american citizens. Therefore they weren’t able to appeal to a jury or able to to sue in federal court. This jeopardized free blacks.
In 1619, a Dutch ship “introduced the first captured Africans to America, planting the seeds of a slavery system that evolved into a nightmare of abuse and cruelty that would ultimately divide the nation”. The Africans were not treated humanely, but were treated as workers with no rights. Originally, they were to work for poor white families for seven years and receive land and freedom in return. As the colonies prospered, the colonists did not want to give up their workers and in 1641, slavery was legalized. The northern states prohibited slavery between 1770 and 1804, but it was still prominent in the southern states.
In “Let at America be America Again”, also by Langston Hughes, there are the poor white, and the slave blacks, and the immigrants as well. They were taken advantage of simply because they were not famous nor white, therefor they had no access to the American dream. The citizens without high social status must work hard in order to survive and live a decent life. They must work long hours at a job that may not have been their dream. They must service the rich in order to keep those same jobs that they have because their American dream never came true.
George Fitzhugh argues that slavery was justified. Two of his arguments in defense of slavery are the Africans are foolish, and slavery in America is safer and better than slavery in Africa. While many people believed his arguments to be right, Fitzhugh is wrong. If Africans are foolish, wouldn’t you want to teach them instead of enslaving them? Fitzhugh states in paragraph two of The Universal law of slavery, “He would become an insufferable burden to society.
History, “Bacon’s Rebellion helped to catalyze the creation of a system of racial slavery in the Chesapeake colonies” (79). The demand for higher benefits displeased many business owners which influenced them to seek other lower risk laborers. After the Bacon’s Rebellion, plantation owners and merchants feared of another costly dispute among their indentured servants. The practice of chattel slavery offered as a more promising prospect for preventing future rebellion. The underlying pattern of the conspiracy was to select people who were illiterate and destitute to work in the foreign land of the Atlantic World.
People become biased because what they experience every day is normal to them, may not be that normal to other people. After colonization is well stabilized, England established a system of indentured servitude, both Africans and Europeans were the norm for this service. After Bacon’s Rebellion in the mid-1670s, many African servants were seen less and less as servants but more like slaves. They did not get to leave after serving their time of indenture like their white counterparts. They were seen as property, and could not be set free.
Although theoretically black workers were free men, in fact, they had to put up with infringement of their civil, legal and property rights. Now the white owners were able to extend the life of the Negro and actively used it. As a result of prolonged service very soon turned into an open-ended. Moreover, the offspring of black slaves automatically inherit the status of their mothers, that is also turned into slaves. Fifth, in 1697, Royal African Company lost its monopoly on the slave trade that gave free rein to its competitors and has led to the expansion of trade in slaves.
Slavery was a predominant factor in the South’s way of life. Notably, slaves provided free labor for plantation owners. Many colonists that remained loyal to Britain when the idea of independence first made its round, known as Loyalists, typically were members of the wealthy class in the Deep South. In other words, Loyalists supported Britain, and did not want to become independent from Britain. The British encouraged slaves of rebel masters to escape to British lines, though they were sometimes equivocal on whether the runaways would actually be freed (Frank, 2008).
In America, slavery began when the first African slaves were bought to the North American colony of Jamestown, Virginia, in 1619 ("Slavery in America - Black History - HISTORY.com"). Most of the slaves were used for agricultural. Mainly they were used for the cotton crop and many other plantations. Some slaves worked in their owner 's house. In the 17th and 18th centuries, buying a slave and have them working for you was an effective way to make money.
William and Ellen Craft were runaway slaves since they escaped slavery in America. Escaping slavery is not what makes them important people. William and Ellen were married slaves in Georgia but they had a brilliant plan to escape slavery. Ellen was disguised as a young male slave owner since she was light-skinned with William acting like his slave. In late 1848, they traveled north because slavery doesn 't happen in the north, and that’s where slaves get their freedom.