To begin, sharecropping was a type of farming that allowed people to rent small plots of land from landowners in exchange for a portion of their crop during harvesting time. Sharecropping was essential during the Jim Crow era because it was typically practiced by former slaves and poor whites. After the abolition of slavery, free African Americans were seeking not only economic independence but stability in general for the sake of their families. In fact, because many white landowners were so eager to re-establish labor force, they used that reasoning to their advantage. However, this wasn 't necessarily beneficial to sharecroppers in the south.
Southern Slaves and Northern Laborers had many different experiences, even though they were both considered workers. Their compensation, working hours, working conditions, and consequences for breaking rules varied. In the end, the life of a Southern Slave was, mainly, harder than the life of a Northern Laborer. First off, Southern Slaves probably had better compensation than Northern Laborers. Although Northern Laborers were given wages by the factory owners for their work, they ultimately had to pay back the factory owners for their provisions.
Resulting, unsatisfactory in the home and on the work place. Not all the women were married as how the functionalist saw it to be, but, they were also fighting for survival. (Elaine Leeder, 2004) emphasized, “Men became wage earners, dependent on their bourgeois bosses and women become dependent on their husbands and fathers. Poor women, if they had no husbands, and children without father were the most marginal laborers and worked in the most exploitative condition.” As result of such condition emerge conflict between classes that would lead to a social revolution. It was the springtime of the people revolution, the basic needs of the family could not be provided due to a high rate of unemployment and bad working condition including poor health system.
It is discussed that the lives of black American did not improve significantly as racism was entrenched in governments and white Americans, especially southerners. Although amendments and acts sought out to better the lives of black Americans, it did not mean they were immediately treated as equal and given rights. Black Americans had a very difficult life post-Civil War as the rest of America was not prepared to stop depriving them of their civil rights as it was beneficial to them to have black Americans kept under oppression. The abolition of slavery cost slave owners over $2 billion in property only. This severely impacted the economy as it was in crisis and white slave owners did not have any slaves to serve them on plantations.
‘Jobbing’ is a new term introduced and involves renting slaves to do a specific job. ‘Jobbing’ was believed to be cheaper. However, some absentee planters did not fully agree to jobbing because they believed in just buying more slaves. The ‘Jobbing’ gang of slaves was to be well cared for by the planters who rented the gang. There were many conditions that the planter who rented Jobbing gangs had to abide to.
To do this, they would need more workers to plant, harvest, and care for the plants. This led to the Southern economy depending on both the cotton and African Americans who were enslaved to farm it. On the other hand, the North did not have the geography in which farming could support the economy. Instead it had many rivers and streams. So, the Northerners depended on factories.
As the inhabitants of the world progress towards a more peaceful ground for living, ethical and moral norms often move at different paces given a societies demographics. While some societies viewed slavery as an act against humanity, some justified it and viewed it as a norm. It is important to understand why slavery began and why slavery has lasted for so long. The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade began when European Empires began to expand. The need for a larger work force peaked as the Europeans expansion lacked a sufficient amount of laborers as a vital resource.
Then he jumps into a description of his mother, the only family member whom he knows. However, this portrayal is scant because Douglass and his mother are “separated when [he is] but an infant—before [he knows] her as [his] mother”, which “is a common custom” (Douglass 395). Although he defines it as common, this is not commonplace amongst his readers, the white majority, but the slave world. While an enslaved mother loses her child almost immediately after giving birth, the white slaveholding parents nurture their own children and watch them grow up with love and support. The irony in this situation is that these people do not realize that they are tearing families apart all the while making sure that their family stays together.
While they experienced freedom and were provided with newer opportunities, many did not have the means to support themselves and became economically dependent on the white plantation farmers. The Freedmen’s Bureau was a federal agency that was established to aid and protect the African Americans. However, as noted in Document 2, the Freedmen’s Bureau did little to help. Frederick Douglas describes how the emancipated slaves were treated, “The very manner of their [African Americans] emancipation invited to the heads of the freedman the bitterest hostility of race and class…They were sent away empty-handed, without money, without friends, and without foot of land to stand upon. Old and young, sick and well, were turned loose to the open sky, naked to their enemies.” Support Document 4: Left with no other option, many African Americans became tenant farmers on their former plantations.
Factories are a common thing today but during the victorian era they were an interesting place to be in. They were not the best place you could work either. Factories were much different in the Victorian era than they are today, in such ways as in the daily life of the workers, transportation, the steam engine, child labor, and mass production were all different. The way the workers lived was a very difficult way of life, for example many people moved from farms to find jobs in the cities (Worldbook.com,2). Farming was a difficult job that did not provide much money to support a family.