We can see these subject matters crystal clear as sociology ranges from crime to religion, from the family to the state, from the divisions of race and social class to the shared beliefs of a common culture and from social stability to radical change in whole societies. Sociology of education is one of the specialized areas in sociology. The sociology of education has been important part of development of the discipline of sociology. In the context of sociology of education it can be define as the study of how public institutions and individual experiences affect education and its outcome. The word education itself proved that the aim of it is “to teach us how to think than what to think.” Sociology of education enable us to think critically about human social life and to keep asking questions concerning the sociological problems in education and understanding related concepts such as functions, progress, problems and the importance of good interaction between society and education systems.
The purpose of this book is to explore various avenues of the existing ‘Age of Fact’ and the urgent role of the social analyst to integrate the particular history, biography, and social structure of humankind. According to Mills, the sociological imagination is to be aware of the idea of social structure and to use it with sensibility. He noticeably believes that the sociological imagination can only initiate and direct the individual towards the synoptic internalization and realization of social, cultural, and political realm, which would assist the social researcher to transform the understandings of his scientific experience. Subsequently, he validated the social-science study through translating the private issues to public issues.
3. Critical evaluation of his work. The scope of this project is Talcott Parson’s sociology, understanding his theories of the social system, the action systems, the unit act, the pattern variables, the general system theory, and also his significant contribution as a structural functionalism. We also include in the scope the criticism faced by Parsons as a
CYW 129- Understanding Society In the following discourse multiple theories and perspectives within sociology will be outlined. How each perspective looks at society will be explored while providing explanations of theories within each perspective. The importance of social theory within community and youth work and how applies to practice will be explained using a case study. Before looking at social theory it is important to firstly look at sociology. Sociology is the study of people and their behaviours, values, and power within society.
Sociological Concept of Culture In general, Sociology is a scientific study that involves the human social behaviour which is shaped by the society, whereby it is a system of interrelations which connects individuals together to create a unique culture (Denny and Earle, 2009). Therefore, without culture and society, a closed connection between these notions could not be formed, due to the absence of structured social relationships (Sewell Jr, 2005). According to Macionis and Plummer (2012), sociology is the combination of Greek and Latin that was defined as the study of society, who were developed by the French philosopher who is also known as the founder of sociology, Auguste Comte (1798-1857). With the curiosity about the human world, Comte wanted to change the society to build a better future. For that reason, he divided into two parts of the discipline; ‘social statics’ is defined as how the society is held together, and ‘social dynamics’ is defined as how the society changes (Denny and Earle, 2009).
The most influential and famous work of Mills, The Sociological Imagination (1959), illustrates how one should approach the world if one wants to see and understand as a sociologist does. He emphasizes the importance of seeing the relation between individuals and everyday life and the greater social forces that constitute and pave through society, and the importance of understanding our contemporary lives and social structure in historical context. Mills argued that doing so was a vital element of coming to understand that what we often perceive as personal troubles are in fact public issues. C. Wright Mills argued that a simple few individuals within the political, military and corporate realms actually held the majority of power within the United States and that these few individuals made decisions that boomed throughout all American
In Mills’ publication, he describes the sociological imagination as “a quality of mind that will help them [humans] to use information and to develop reason in order to achieve lucid summations of what is going on in the world and of what may be happening within themselves”. (Mills, 2000, p. 5). Giddens, in his publication ‘Sociology: A brief but critical introduction’, concurs with Mills’ definition of the sociological imagination, and further states that three particular views are essential to understanding the social world: “an historical, an anthropological, and a critical sensitivity.” (Giddens, 1986, p. 13). Mills believes that the sociological imagination deals largely with two main components: the individual, and society. “Neither the life of an individual
Patterns may also develop from the study of sociology. There are many difference aspects of sociology such as everyday human interaction to more serious issues such as international relations. Sociology helps us to understand our behaviours as social beings in this world. It is an essential subject as it enables us to have an awareness of societies within the world and different social groups. It also gives us an idea of how people react, why they react this way and conflicts between people.
The sociological imagination is a term coined by C. Wright Mills, an American sociologist. The state of mind allows us to view the world in a sociological perspective by connecting biography, or personal experiences, with social structure and history. The synthesis of the three allows the individual to examine their place in the historical moment and social structure and see how it connects with other people in history. To develop the sociological imagination, three components should be taken into consideration during analysis: biography, social structure, and history (Mills 2). In this paper, I will analyze my life using the sociological imagination.