Plato’s Crito takes place in the jail cell of Socrates, who is wrongfully committed for a crime and is subjected to death. Socrates friends, including Crito, formulate a plan to bribe the guard overlooking Socrates and help him escape in order to give him a peaceful life in exile. Yet, Socrates objects to all of these actions and chooses to face death for many valid reasons. Socrates does not take a stance about whether escaping looks good or bad, instead he lets other people decide whether it is good or bad, for it reflects on them and not on Socrates. Socrates views escaping his unjust punishment as wrongful due to his gratitude, consistency, and loyalty to the laws and order of the government.
In Plato: Five Dialogues: Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, Meno, Phaedo, the account of Socrates’ life during his time in jail until his execution, is told through Plato’s point of view. In these dialogues, Socrates shares his philosophical beliefs on many subjects –one of them being the obligations of the citizen. This belief is illustrated in Crito, which is a dialogue between Socrates and his longtime friend Crito. Along with Socrates is Martin Luther King Jr. who has also expressed his beliefs on the obligations of the citizen in his “Letter from a Birmingham jail”. Both Socrates and King create social tension in order for individuals to better themselves in the world they live in.
In conclusion Priestley explores the conflict between personal and social responsibility by speaking through the inspector, in essence Priestley is the inspector. He shows the audience the outcome of the two possible choices that the characters have, they can be kind and learn from their mistakes or ignore what they have done and thus it will end disastrously. Priestley wants the audience to relate to the younger generation and follow their morals, his aim is to prevent societies arrogance and social discrimination. He does this by providing the audience with the outcome of the older generations view because this hasn’t concluded well for
In the Odyssey, Odysseus’ absences motivates Telemachus to become more courageous and responsible. Telemachus was scared and frightened to approach the suitors because of his his eagerness for them to leave. Telemachus is worried and has lost his hopes that his father will never return back. “Yet, were Odysseus to return, were they to see him here again, they would not only pray for gold or richer clothes-just faster feet. But he has died by now, died wretchedly” (page 8).
One of the greatest philosophers Plato, author of Phaedo, which is about the last words interchanged by his teacher, Socrates, who was sentenced to die by poison. Socrates had always questioned everything, as he said in Ancient Philosophy of Religion: The History of Western Philosophy of Religion, “.....”(...). In the story of Plato, Socrates talks about death and what happens after it. Socrates embraces the idea of death because it is the nature of life then we soon or later faces to death. Socrates “desire to prove to [people] that the real philosopher has reason to be of good cheer when he is about to die and that after death he may hope to obtain the greatest good in the other world.” (94).
In reality, the one thing the Jury wanted him to do was to stop philosophizing on things that made him look as if he was an atheist, even if there was no actual proof that he was one. They believed that he was corrupting the youth and society by perceiving himself as one. Knowing that he might be sentenced to death, he told the jury “If you put me to death, you won’t easily find another like me. For, even if it seems ridiculous to say so, I’ve literally been attached to the city, as if to a large thoroughbred horse that was somewhat sluggish because of its size and needed to be awakened by some sort of gadfly. It’s as just such a gadfly, it seems to me, that the God has attached me to the city- one that awakens, cajoles, and reproaches each and every one of you as a never stops alighting everywhere on you the whole day” (Plato, Apology, 30e-31a).
THE DEATH (SOUL) OF A PHILOSOPHER ( PLATO’S PHAEDO 59C-70) INTRODUCTION The dialog begins with phaedo, cebes and simmias depicting on Socrates explaining on a reason why a true philosopher should not fear to die the main reason being if a person truly applies oneself in the right way to the love of knowledge as the pursuit of the reality they prepare themselves for the very act of dying since for them death is better than life . In the dialog, Echecrates asks Phaedo to tell him about Socrates ' death, and we see Phaedo warmly welcomes the chance to remember his friend Socrates in the final hours of his life. Phaedo surprisingly attributes that it was an astonishing and shocking experience because he was witnessing the death of a dear friend, he added saying that despite that he had no pity because of the way in which Socrates bravely and happily faced his death without fear of the unknown. He also takes care to mention that Plato was not there due to illness and further explains the course of the day to Echecrates. In the days prior to Socrates ' death, Phaedo and other friends frequently visited him in
In this essay, I will present an argument that shows that Plato will convince Socrates to reconsider his decision to receive the death sentence. Plato would show Socrates that his three reasons for staying to receive his sentence is unjust because his action is fuelled by injustice. I will also show that Socrates will agree with Plato about the unjust consequences that his actions may bring after Plato reasons why Socrates is doing an injustice. Finally, Plato would then proceed to show Socrates that his decision to stay cannot result in happiness and justice which in turn will cause Socrates to re-evaluate accepting his death sentence according to his own ideals of a happy and just life. The first reason Socrates gives for accepting his death sentence is the fact that Athens has provided him with education.
Socrates is quoted as stating, “An unexamined life is a life not worth living” (38 a). Socrates was a founding figure of western philosophy, and a stable for many ideas. He lived in Athens, Greece teaching his students, like Plato, questioning politics, ethical choices, and many other things in Greek society. In the Trial and death of Socrates: Four Dialogues by Plato, it explores the abstract questioning Socrates had towards many of the normal social properties, which led to his trial, resulting in his death. The most important aspects discussed in the dialogues is the questioning of what is pious and impious, what it means to be wise, and good life.
This can be highlighted in a quote by him stating, "the unexamined life is not worth living". Here, Socrates stresses that those who do not have a concern of how they live their life in respect to others do not live a meaningful life (84). After his unfortunate execution for "corrupting the youth" Socrates legacy and ideals were then continued through the life of Plato (84). Years after, Plato became most known for his dialogues regarding ethics and his challenging of current politics. It was these two classical thinkers who were the spotlight of the Renaissance.
The Apology consists of Socrates making a speech while he 's on trial for multiple conviction; including corrupting the youth of Athens and not believing in the Gods. Throughout the short story we also read that the Oracle of Delphi tells Socrates that he 's the wisest man in all Greece, making Socrates question what they are implying and then tries to prove them inaccurate. Lastly, Socrates ends his speech by saying that "the unexamined life is not worth living". Socrates never fully explains what we was implying with this phase, however I believe he was expressing to "leave no stone unturned" and to live life to its fullest. The Oracle of Delphi was the most important shrine in all Greece during the time of Socrates.
Crito was very persistent on convincing Socrates to escape his death by bring up many arguments. The first argument Crito had brought up was that he did not want to lose Socrates because he is a “one of kind” friend to him plus he implied his reputation will be tarnished due to not helping his special friend. Crito is worried that many people in society will look at him wrong for not helping Socrates during this difficult time. Crito second argument was basically advising Socrates that he should not be too harsh on himself for what he claimed in the court house regarding him not wanting to be an exile. Socrates’s Children were brought up in the third argument.
Socrates asserts the effectiveness of the dialectic relationship and his “method is to call in support of [his] statements the evidence of a single witness, and to take his vote alone” (474a). Throughout the dialogue Socrates attempts to persuade three rhetoricians into a dialogue, with the intention of unearthing the truth, with each conceding to Socrates’ appeal to reason until Socrates’ dialogue with Callicles. This is where the weakness in Socrates’ position is revealed because had Socrates been able to persuade or engage Callicles this would have been a victory for the dialectical relationship, which Socrates’ argues is the only method of exposing the truth. Regardless of how consistent and logical Socrates’ method is Callicles refuses to participate, through the art of not listening, revealing the limitations in Socrates’ method at arriving to the truth and in essence the best way to
If Amir did end up helping Hassan, then he would have been thanked by everyone, but instead Amir is faced with the sight of that scene forever. Amir’s passion was to be loved and applauded by Baba, but his moral obligation was to help his best friend. Turning away from his best friend just exemplified how he was scared and intimidated and that is the worst way to act going through life. The main lesson to take out of Hosseini’s quote is to make the decision that will be the most beneficial to the future because just by one wrong decision, life can go a whole different