Alex Viamari Professor: Marcus Nicolas ENC1102 T/R 9 October 2014 Issue Analysis Paper Following our nation’s reconstruction, racist sentiments continued to occur and White on Black violence was prevalent throughout American society. Racism was still alive with the oppression of African Americans through the Jim Crowe laws. Deprived of their civil and human rights, Blacks were reduced to a status of second-class citizenship. A tense atmosphere of racial hatred, ignorance and fear bred lawless mass violence, murder and lynching.
The deadliest race riot in the United States occurred between May 30 and June 1, 1921. The city of Tulsa grew from 10,000 to 100,000 in just 11 years (3.) Down town Tulsa offered all white residents anything from furniture stores to speakeasies (3.) Segregation forced African Americans to create their own community. This community was known as Greenwood or "The Black Wall Street" (2.) Greenwood was the most prosperous African American community, they had everything down town did, even a hospital (3.) However, over a 24 hour period a total of 300 people were dead, 35 five blocks of Greenwood burned, and thousands of blacks were homeless (1and3.) The violent actions of this time were all due to the allegation made against a black male causing him to be imprisoned (3.) Segregation is the leading cause of the
Thirty miles off U.S. Highway one in the small town of Alston, GA, Alexander Rivera, Jr. found himself interviewing the newly widowed Sallie Nixon in a chauffer outfit as a reporter for the Pittsburgh Courier in 1948. Her late husband, Isaiah Nixon, a turpentine worker and a father of six, had been shot three times on their front porch for voting in the Democratic Primary. Even before the interview, Alexander Rivera knew that a small town faced with the murder of a black man would be enraged and torn by the act of racial violence. Living in the Jim Crow South as a traveling reporter for the Pittsburgh Courier, Alexander Rivera was used to the act of concealing his identity to garner crucial information on trials, lynching’s and murders done to African Americans. “Something told me, I don’t know what the something was to go dressed as a chauffeur” Alexander Rivera explained, “It was easier traveling as a chauffeur because everybody figured that you worked with somebody important”.
In Ida B. Wells’ works Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in All Its Phases and A Red Record, Ida B. Wells argues against the lynching of African Americans of the time. Wells’ uses many strategies and techniques to make her arguments as convincing as possible throughout her works. She also uses clear language and well-structured sentences to make it clear what she is arguing. Ida B. Wells makes sure to use statistics and offers rebuttals to the opposing side’s point of view to strengthen her argument. Wells presents these arguments by isolating and clearly stating the problem, giving descriptive and specific examples, using statistics, and offering rebuttals.
4,743 lynchings occurred in the United States from 1882-1968, of these people that were lynched, 3,446 were black. Lynching is a tragedy of our Nation’s past time, although tempting to try and erase it from the history books, it must be remembered to attempt to prevent such injustices from happening again. In Ida B. Wells’ speech, “Lynch Law in America.” Ida B. Wells talks about the discrimination and horrendous crimes black people face due to racist white men and a corrupt justice system. The laws created to protect the African Americans; 14th and 15th amendment was ignored, or loopholes were being used to justify the mainly Southerner’s actions.
The media is illuminating racial relations in the South and they are showing how people in the North are being treated. When people in the North sees how the segregationists are treating African Americans in the South, they support the side of integration. In “A Mighty Long Way”, Carlotta said that, “Finally one of them delivered a crushing blow to the back of Wilson”s head with an heavy object believed to be a brick” (pg.85 Lanier). People are seeing how white racists are attacking African-Americans.
In 1920, Lynching was very common. In order to understand why this was such a big problem, we need to look at the numbers of people who were lynched. From 1882 to 1962, almost 5,000 lynchings took place in the United States alone with about 70% of people who were lynched being black. Lynching started becoming a heavily used punishment among the African-American community in the 19th century. After the Civil War ended, there were financial issues in the country, all of which were blamed on the blacks that had recently been freed from slavery. It was speculated that people who were angry with blacks saw lynching as a way to relieve tension between the two groups of people. Because of the blatant aversion many people had towards black people, they were subject to many hate crimes. With the levels of violence as high as they where, protection was necessary, and Anti-Lynching laws would have been
The Strange Career of Jim Crow, published in 1955 by C. Vann Woodward, actually helped to shaped a part of U.S history. It was around the same time when the Civil Rights Movement was happening in the United States and right after the Supreme Court ’s decision in Brown v. Board of Education; this book was published to expose a clear and illuminating analysis of the history of the Jim Crow Laws. The south had choices to make regarding race, and the establishment; Jim Crow was not a person but was affiliate to represent the system of government and segregation in the United States. Named after the ‘racial caste system,’ Jim Crow affected millions of americans. Woodward analyzes the impact on the segregation between the North and the South by defining an argument, “Racism was originated in the North.”
In Mark Bauerlein’s, Negrophobia: A Race Riot in Atlanta, 1906, the political and social events leading to the riot are analyzed. The center of events took place around and inside Atlanta in the early 1900’s. The riot broke out on the evening of September 22, 1906. Prior to the riot in 1906, elections were being held for a new Georgia governor. Bauerlein organizes his book in chronological order to effectively recount the events that led to the riot.
In chapter 5: The Peek-a-Boo World, Mr. Postman begins the chapter with a conversation of how the creation of the telegraph marked a radicle change in American society. He contends that: “The telegraph made a three-pronged attack on typography's definition of discourse, introducing on a large-scale irrelevance, impotence, and incoherence” (Postman, p.49). What Postman is arguing here that the Telegraph allowed context-free information to be tolerated by masses and turned into a commodity for one’s entertainment. To make matters worse, because the telegraph allowed the spreading of information to flow to other parts of the country and the world, it allowed (according to Postman) the spreading of regionally unimportant information into public
She states, “We need an organ, too, for making our voice heard at home” (line 1-2). Shadd Cary characterized the fugitive slave’s community as a body, but a body without a voice. Her metaphor illustrates that her newspaper is a way to provide that mouth-piece” and “voice”. Shadd Cary claims that by having a newspaper, the community of fugitive slaves without voice can let others know what they want and who they are. Thus, it supports Shadd Cary’s argument of that her newspaper is necessary.
The article, “The Negro’s Civil War in Tennessee, 1861-1865” by Bobby L. Lovett, was published in “The Journal of Negro History, Vol. 61, No. 1”. Lovett is a professor of History, former Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences at Tennessee State University and a native of
The act of Norfolk Mayor of being irrational roused Governor Floyd’s upheaval. Amid the insurgence of Nat Turners, the frenzy of the Norfolk Mayor was put by bits of gossip and suppositions that the present uprising was an extensive, effective occasion. Slaves in Virginia, far outnumbered the white populace and an across the board rebellion could demonstrate terrible to the whites. The Governors resentment was halfway vanity and in addition pride.
Summary of the article De-centering the South De-centering the South: America 's Nationwide White Supremacist Order After Reconstruction is an article written by Desmond S. King and Stephen G. N. Tuck. It explores the deplorable state of racism in the southern states of the USA during the late 19th century and early 20th century, and the efforts of one man to fight it. One of the most prominent African-American leaders of that period was a man called Thomas Fortune. Once a slave in the South, Fortune was too aware of America’s race problem. In 1879, he left the south and moved to New York where he became an editor of several African-American newspapers.
Was It Right? Within the 1920’s there were approximately around 3,496 and counting reported lynchings all over the south, In Alabama there were 361, Arkansas 492, Florida 313, Georgia 590, Kentucky 168, Louisiana 549, Mississippi 60,North Carolina 123, South Carolina 185, Tennessee 233, Texas 338, and Virginia 84 lynchings (Lynching in America). These are just some of the numbers introduced during the 1920’s for the reported lynchings. Lynching was used for public appeal for the people to show justice on the blacks and to punish them so the whites could return to “white supremacy”.