In turn, railroad companies spent large sums of money purchasing railroad supplies. The cycle of employing large numbers of workers, building the railroads, and spending large sums of money stimulated extraordinary growth in the economy. In addition, railroads caused the remarkable growth of nationwide marketing in America in the late 19th century. Railroads allowed mail-order
The first city that was considered the “shock city” was actually Manchester, England. It grew very quickly, and it was the world’s first industrialized city and the home of the cotton industry, cottonopolis - a metropolis centered on cotton trading. Same as Manchester, Chicago was also the “shock city” of North America because of its rapid growth. Both cities were industrial cities, Chicago rose from a struggling village sunk in the middle of a grassland creek to a metropolis city. Between 1830 to 1880 (fifty years) the city’s population grew from five hundred thousands to three point four millions of populations.
Overall, during the transportation revolution, construction of turnpikes, roads, canals, and railroads led to the market economy expansion, an increased population in America and alternations of the physical landscape of America. As American factories and farms started to produce more goods businessmen and legislators began to create a faster and cheaper way to get goods distributed to consumers. Around 1820, Americans began to build canals and steamboats, railroad, and extend roads linking the Atlantic Coast with new states in the Trans Appalachian west. Canals and Steamboats shrunk the distance of carrying goods from one place to another and could haul the most cargo for transportation. A well-known waterway called the Erie Canal connected the Great Lakes region to the Atlantic Ocean and cost 7 million dollars.
New England emerged as the leading manufacturing center as a result of the abundant waterpower the region held for driving new machinery and seaports for shipping goods. The decline of maritime and industry made capital available for manufacturing and the decrease of farming in the region brought ready labor supply. As the factory system expanded, it encouraged the growth of financial businesses such as banking and insurance. Transportation including roads and canals such as Pennsylvania 's Lancaster Turnpike and the Erie Canal stimulated economic growth. Another factor that impacted the region was Eli Whitney 's brilliant mechanical invention of interchangeable parts that became the basis for mass production methods in the new rising factories that were sprouting and
During the nineteenth century, Manchester,England was leading in textile manufacturing due to the cotton mill and it being the first industrialized city. The industrial growth increased the population to over 300,000 by a span of 100 years, this new increase was due to working class and immigrants. In document 1, there is a vast growth in the city of Manchester over the span of 100 years. Manchester was given representation in Parliament and the middle-class men received the vote. While the growth of industry was needed in Manchester for better development of modern society, it came with many issues.
Many events around 1900 greatly influence and in developing Big Businesses. These developments made during the Civil War were catalysts for the rise of Big Business due to a necessity for readily available goods and the advancement in number of workers available. Immigration also assisted in the advancement of Big Business because the number of people available to work supported the rapid urbanization and multiplying of factories. Lastly, the government’s pro-business standpoint propelled the urbanization and growth of technology that supported the new businesses. The need for more accessible goods, a better quality of life, and more effective technology caused the rise of Big Business in America around 1900, and the success of this movement
The development of the stationary steam engine was an essential early element of the Industrial Revolution. The world was becoming an industrialized place before the advent of steam power, but would never have progressed so quickly without it. Factories that still relied on wind or water power to drive their machines during the Industrial Revolution were confined to certain locales. Steam meant that factories could be built anywhere, not just along fast-flowing rivers. Thomas Watt and Matthew Boulton.
The Victorian Era was a time period were Queen Victoria ruled over all of Britain and its colonies. This took place during the years of 1837 and 1901, this event of time was a great time for technology and the economies of many nations but most importantly Britain. Many things happened all over the world during this time that was triggered by Britain like industry, British wars and major event changing wars, and also other nations and their economies the rise and fall of some nations. First, the industrial revolution took place during the Victorian Era, new inventions that made time-consuming jobs be much faster and more efficient. The more factors in cities and towns caused rises in populations and uses of new kinds of workers.
The agricultural revolution was a significant period in the industrial revolution as it developed widely with new and efficient farming techniques which lead to a massive increase in food production. People were now able to leave the farms and move into cities because there was sufficient agricultural production to support life away from the farm. New technologies were invented to meet the growing demand for these products, which lead to the first industrial factories. In the period of agriculture, people saw that it was a time to develop, therefore people started creating tools to help with the efficiency of farming and agriculture, a certain machine which was the plow, which is a device that contains blades that effectively break up the soil, plows created cuts within the soil for the sowing of seeds. Another device that was also created and was a massive upgrade in agriculture was the seed drill that was create by Jethro Tull in the 18th century.The seed drill was a machine than plants drills in rows then covers them, which makes it simpler for the farmers.
It started before the beginning of the Civil War and ended around 1950. Production of goods moved from home businesses, which involved a lot of manual and hands on labor, to machine-aided production in factories. This meant that people were relying on factories/machines for their products. This revolution, which involved major changes in transportation, manufacturing, and communications, transformed the daily lives of Americans more than any single event in U.S. history. The Industrial Revolution tends to be viewed in two separate parts; The 1st Industrial Revolution, before the Civil War, and the 2nd Industrial Revolution, after the Civil War.
The Industrial Revolution was a shift from the domestic system to the factory system; it led to the mass production of goods and an abundance of jobs. Like everything in this world, this transition had its advantages and disadvantages. But ultimately it led to the way we produce goods as we know it. The Enclosure Acts shifted the domestic system to the factory system flipping the world upside down. Before the Enclosure Acts were put forth, multiple people worked a large area of land in random pieces as a living, this was known as the domestic system.
New transportation changed this context, better roads came, which were financed by tolls. The federal government was involved also, building the National Road, which reached all the way from Cumberland, Maryland accross to Wheeling, West Virginia. As important, the steamboat was created and made it possible to transport trhough the canals, which was cheaper and efficient. More than 3000 miles of canals were built. Furthermore, the most important new transportation was the railroads.
The Railroads throughout America has allowed her to grow and prosper throughout the industrial Revelation. As the United States grew in size, the more the people needed a more efficient way to transport goods. Common people needed to be able to move through the states of America. Common people also needed a way to sell their goods to others. The first type of travel through the states was by road.
One of the biggest advancement was the invention of the rail road system and the steam engines. “Before the advent of the steam engine, raw materials and finished goods were hauled and distributed via horse-drawn wagons, and by boats along canals and rivers. In the early 1800s, American Robert Fulton (1765-1815) built the first commercially successful steamboat, and by the mid-19th century, steamships were carrying freight across the Atlantic. As steam-powered ships were making their debut, the steam locomotive was also coming into use. In the
Many events have contributed with the development of modern western society. But out of all of those one that stands out is the exploration of the New World. This created a huge impact in how things worked in European countries. With the discovery of the New World the Europeans focused on obtaining new land that had not been explored yet, and looking for resources that it could provide. Slavery had always been around since the very first civilizations but it became very big once the New World was discovered.