Summary: Events That Led Up To The Civil War

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Gerlyn Hinahon Period 1 Civil War Project Events That Led Up to the Civil War The Constitution (1787) Signed on September 17, 1787 Based on one major principle Popular Sovereignty Bill of Rights: First 10 amendments to Constitution that granted freedom of speech, religion, press, and protection from unreasonable search and try by jury Protected Unalienable Rights Proposal and Ratification George Washington was the the first president under the Constitution The people(citizens) have the power in government Separation of Powers It bans the importation of slaves starting in 1808 (Fugitive Slave) and avoided slavery Southerners didn’t like it because they supported slavery Three-Fifths Compromise (1787) Plan offered to add slaves to the population …show more content…

Tariff raised from 25% to up to 50% Protected the north and west production from foreign competition Tax on foreign goods made the South more costly The south’s economy was weakening, and people believed it was because of the nation’s tariffs Henry Clay had created compromise, Southerners stayed in union Northerners accepted the tariffs to be lowered Nat Turner’s Rebellion (1831) August 21,1831 He believed God chose his to lead rebellion Nat Turner and his cohorts killed 55-65 whites during August 1831 The rebellion only lasted a few days but 56 slaves were caught About 200 other slaves were attacked by the white militia Nat Turner was able to escape for two months, but was found on October 30th He was tried November 5th, and the executed on the 11th Southerners were filled with feared after his execution This took away even more of the Blacks’ rights and were severely limited Led to legislation prohibiting the education, movement, and stiffening proslavery Nullification Crisis (1832) Advocated by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison Economic downturn Since the states created the federal union, they could nullify the federal …show more content…

Bell (Constitutional Union) Electoral Votes: 39 Popular Vote: 12.6% John Cabell Breckinridge (Southern Democrat) Electoral Votes: 72 Popular Vote: 18.1% Between Northern Abolitionists for slavery and South against it Enforced Fugitive Slave Laws because slave labor could not be abolished Slavery would not spread any farther Antislavery struck fear into Southerners Nobody won popular vote, but Lincoln won with 180 electoral votes South Carolina secedes from Union, along with six more states later on Six states joined Confederate forces, and seven states seceded after Abraham Lincoln’s election Battle of Fort Sumter (1861) April 12 to 14, 1861 in South Carolina 80 Union forces commanded by Robert Anderson 500 Confederate forces commanded by P. G. T. Beauregard Fort Sumter became outposts in a foreign land Lincoln resupplied Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor Rebel guns turned away the ship April 12, 1861: Confederates opened fires on Charleston Harbor for 34 hours Union surrendered on the 14th There were no casualties The Civil War began Lincoln began to build the Northern

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