The novel Lullabies for Little Criminals by Heather O’Neill is narrated by Baby -- the 12 year old protagonist and daughter of a single father and heroin addict, Jules. Baby never knew her mother and is unaware that she has any other family. They live in various shabby hotels in Montreal’s red light district. This paper is an exploration of the pathway effects caused by lack of familial support and how Jules addiction created a milieu that leads to Baby being ostracised by society. Suggestions are offered to alleviate their struggles.
As Karl Marx famously said “[People] make their own history, but they do not make it as they please; they do not make it under self-selected circumstances, but under circumstances existing already, given and transmitted from the past." Likewise, the selection of her family and the environment in which she lived were not determined by Baby. Baby was born in an unstable and derelict environment, paired with fledgling parental support from a heroin addicted father, which hindered her childhood development. This significantly affected the choices she made -- especially during the formative years of twelve and thirteen years old. Consequently, her understanding of social and moral values deviated from societal norms.
Firstly, the unstable environment was saturated with prostitutes and drug addicts who negatively impacted Baby’s well-being. Baby strongly believes a mother will make a positive difference in her life upon meeting the pimp name
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The barrier between her and the neighbours after her husband’s death forced her to become reserved and quiet. Her and her son only went into town if they had to. They preferred to stay close to the garden where they felt safe. The death of the husband is the cause of the mothers’ complete change in character. The death let the audience connect with her on a deeper level to understand her pain and suffering.
The Story of Maci Kean When you think of people in a kid’s life, you probably imagine two parents, siblings, friends, and teachers. What you don’t typically think is a social worker, a judge, foster homes and a dead mother and father. This became the case for the then 15-year Maci Kean, as well as over 100,000 kids in the United States. When Maci was just a toddler, she became deaf due to a high fever and her father passed away when she was just two due to drug abuse. When she was around the age of 13 her mother passed away as well due to a drug overdose after getting out of jail.
Throughout the story, there are subtle hints suggesting Caroline subconsciously or genetically mimics certain behavioral similarities exhibited by her birth mother. Barring disease, certainly, the topic of personality formation is interesting to ponder in fiction or in reality. Ultimately, as a society, in relation to adoption, discussions can become destructive. Each day, in the United States, more than 400,000 children are in foster care, many of these youngsters eventually become available for adoption.
“Experiences in early childhood…lay critical foundations for the entire life course” (CSDH,2008). The novel “Lullabies for little criminals," written by Heather O’ Neill, examines the effects of two social determinants on Baby’s life. Poverty interacts with poor education in Baby’s life, building an underdevelopment childhood for her to grow up with. It reflects children in our society who could get less life choice under the influence of poverty and poor education. Kohen (2002) says that a safer and more cohesive neighborhood has better child-development outcomes.
Baby was raised in an unstable and derelict environment, paired with the absence of familial support, which crippled her childhood development. Baby’s moral contradiction and personal integrity was fueled by the stigma she encountered from her social networks. Consequently, her understanding of social and moral values deviated from societal norms. I.
In our life, we often have experiences that teach us how and what we want to be like when we grow up. Everyone has ups and downs from time to time that make one want to stop and other times make one want to run while individually they feel free. The Garden Story by Katherine Mansfield and The First Born Son by Ernest Buckler both show how parental pressure, social pressure, and family pressure around an individual can influence the way one will treat others. Once in a while it is an advantage when they want to change the world to make it better for others, but oftentimes it is for the worse because they personally accept the problems they have and never trying to fix them. Both stories have parental influences that want them to stay as they are, tradition influences that professions stay in the family, and they are always compared to the better child that is more like by parents.
They live in various dilapidated hotels in Montreal’s red light district. As Karl Marx famously said “[People] make their own history, but they do not make it as they please; they do not make it under self-selected circumstances, but under circumstances existing already, given and transmitted from the past." Likewise, the foundation that affected Baby’s development was fractured prior to her birth. Baby was born in an unstable and derelict environment, paired with minimal parental support from a heroin addicted father, which hindered her childhood development.
Best of the Worst Parenting is never perfect. Every parents questions whether they are raising their child correctly, and no parent ever feels like they are doing the right thing. With no clear distinction between good and bad parenting, it is usually left to personal preferences and judgements to decide which parents have adequately raised their children and which have failed. When a parent so call “fails,” often it is the children with their strong will and determination to survive that collectively raise themselves. In Jesmyn Ward’s Sing, Unburied, Sing, Leonie, one of the narrators and the mother of another narrator, Jojo, is not the most caring, hands-on mother, but is loving of her children nevertheless.
People’s actions as well as behaviors are all developed as they grow up. As they grow up children begin to develop the same behaviors or actions from their parents. Some adults and children develop psychological disorders. These are mainly caused by Biological influences: evolution, individual genes, brain structure and chemistry; Psychological influences: stress, trauma, learned helplessness, mood-related perceptions and memories; and Social Cultural influences: roles, and expectations (pg.508). As in Mommie Dearest, Joan (Faye Dunaway) has multiple disorders that later on are developed by her daughter Christina (Mara Hobel).
The Story of the Vargas Family “Rosa Vargas’ kids are too many and too much. It’s not her fault, you know, except she is their mother and only one against so many” (Cisneros 29). In the novel The House on Mango Street, the author, Sandra Cisneros, touches on the many negative consequences of a single, impoverished mother raising an overwhelming amount of children. Poverty, discrimination, parental and neighborly responsibility, and respect are all issues and social forces that act upon the family; their presence or lack thereof cause several grisly occurrences to take place. Poverty was almost like a curse given to Rosa Vargas by her husband, who “left without even leaving a dollar for bologna or a note explaining how come” (29).
Alcoholism is a severe addiction that indubitably affects one’s familial relationships, and which can tear families apart. In A Tree Grows in Brooklyn by Betty Smith, Johnny, the father of protagonist Francie, is a serious alcoholic. Due to his drunkenness, he is often out of work, leaving him unable to support his family. Consequently, he is often viewed as a subpar father, who is unable to provide for and care for his children. However, despite Johnny Nolan’s severe drinking issues, he is still successful as a father overall because he is always well-meaning in his actions and he’s supportive and present when Francie truly needs him.
Unfortunately, I was not surprised that Johnnetta and her sister Sonya fell into prostitution as well as substance abuse because living on the streets was to be expected due to their upbringing. In Michael’s case, it was heart wrenching to see him falsely confess to abusing his sister solely because he was overwhelmed by the fear of his father. Although he had been separated from his parents for some time, it was upsetting to imagine the kind of differing emotions, both angry and devastated, Michael experienced after finding out of his father’s murder and suicide. Although the stories of their childhood gave me similar feelings to what I have when I hear of any abuse, it was a breath of fresh air to hear of the successes of two victims. I was taken aback
2pac - Brenda’s Got A Baby The song “Brenda’s got a Baby” by famous rapper 2pac is not one of his more well known tunes, but doesn’t fail to captivate its listeners and make them think more about just how unique every individual on this planet is. Some for the good and some for the worse. Throughout the lyrics and music video for this song it gives the listener a harsh reality check on how hard some people have it in life and the tough decisions people are forced to make in tough times.
This shows what she had to endure to try to keep her baby healthy. It appeals to the loving protective side of the reader. It makes them think about what the baby must be going through beacuase of their economic situation. Rhetorical questions are used to directly engage the
But Socks was mistreated after a baby comes out. But after all, the family gets to love Socks again and the baby and Socks become good friends. This story of envy and sadness, and feeling lonely is important to older sisters and brother because they think they are nobody in this world after the baby is born, because the baby gets all the loving and you don’t. I personally admire Mrs. Risely because when Socks having a lonely and sad time after baby came, she loved him more than anyone, and she was nice