In the essay “Should everyone go to college?” by Owen and Sawhill published in They Say I Say, Owen and Sawhill talks about how people with a degree benefits more than someone without a degree. After reading the essay, the author proved me to be right with the amount of success that comes with having a college degree versus a high school diploma. Individuals with a college degree beat an individual without a college degree in every category. Although, Owen and Sawhill speaks about the benefits of having a college degree, the authors do not think college is for everyone. Owen and Sawhill use salary comparison, throughout the essay, between college graduates with a four-year degree and individuals with only a high school diploma, to describe the …show more content…
If we apply this 10 percent rate to the median earnings of about $30,000 for a 25- to 34-year-old high school graduate working full time in 2010, this implies that a year of college increases earnings by $3,000, and four years increases them by $12,000. Notice that this amount is less than the raw differences in earnings between high school graduates and bachelor’s degree holders of $15,000 (Owen, 2013, p. 1). Anthony Carnevale and his colleagues at the Georgetown Center found that 14 percent of people with a high school diploma make at least as much as those with a bachelor’s degree, and 17 percent of people with a bachelor’s degree make more than those with a professional degree (Owen, 2013, p. 4). The expected earnings (median full- time earnings times the probability of being employed) of a young college graduate with a theater degree are about $6,000 more than the expected earnings of a young high school graduate. For a young person with a mechanical engineering degree, the expected earnings of the college graduate is a staggering $35,000 more than that of a typical high school graduate (Owen, 2013, p.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics stated that last October just 69.7% of people who had graduated from high school the previous year had enrolled in college. In the report “Should Everyone Go To College?” by Stephanie Owens and Isabel Sawhill, both authors explore whether everyone should go to college or not. Owens currently serves as a research associate at the Urban Institute, a nonpartisan center for research on the problems of urban communities. Sawhill is co-director of the Center on Children and Families and a senior fellow in economic studies at Brookings. This essay will discuss both sides of whether or not everyone should go to college.
In the articles, “Is College Worth It” written by David Leonhardt and “Why College Isn’t for Everyone” written by Chris Matthews, both writers build an argument to persuade readers that attending college is for everyone and is a time to emphasize one’s thoughts for the future. In the article, “Is College Worth It”, Leonhardt begins his argument by using statistics. Leonhardt states that, “Americans with four-year college degrees made 98 percent more an hour on average in 2013 than people without a degree” (Leonhardt, par. 3). This implies that individuals who have earned a bachelor's degree or higher are more likely to earn more money per hour compared to those who do not have a degree.
Is college worth it? Does it teach us actual skills or is it more about paying to have a piece of paper certifying our degree so we could get in the workforce? In their research paper “Should Everyone Go to College”, Stephanie Owen and Isabel Sawhill try to answer these same questions through graphs and data taken throughout the years. They find that on average college graduates make significantly money over the years than the ones who did not pursue an education after high school. Another example that they provide through their analysis would be of someone working in a STEM job having acquired only a high school diploma can expect to make more money over a lifetime than someone with a bachelor’s degree working in education or personal services.
Becker and Murphy depict a graph that shows the correlation between higher education and higher income. This chart shows that over the course of 30 years (1970 to 2005) the percentage of people who graduated college are making noticeably more than people who stopped their education after high school. “In recent years, a person with a college education earned roughly 70 percent more” (Becker and Murphy, 582-583). Becker and Murphy also stated that, “the labor market is placing a greater emphasis on education, dispensing rapidly rising rewards to those who stay in school the longest” (583). Knowing these “rewards” are to come from furthering ones education, the desire to go to college has encouraged people to study longer in an attempt to achieve “a stable, middle-class lifestyle… which they can focus on saving money for the future…”
Is College Really Worth it? Many college graduates are currently unemployed, which has left many parents wondering, is college really worth it? Some parents believe that college prepares students for more than a job or career, and others don’t think it’s worth the cost. Recent studies have shown that new college students are losing ground on wages by the time they graduate, higher education is becoming a risky investment, and most students are better off developing their own “lower-risk” business.
I have strong convictions that leave me to believe that a college education is imperative. On average, a college graduate with a bachelor’s degree earns a lot more in a year than a high school graduate. During the recession between three years jobs requiring some college or an associate's degree fell by a substantial amount, and jobs that are requiring a high school degree. In the article “ Is a College Education Worth It?” by Henry Punionion, he encapsulates the essences of the importance of a college education.
In conclusion going to college is very much worth it. Getting a degree will not only improve the quality of a job’s pay substantially, but make the job search extensively easier. Knowing this students of all ages can make the right decision when deciding whether or not college is the right choice for them. So as a nation let's build ourselves to be better, richer and smarter people by making the right choice when it comes to our education;
When we look at lifetime earnings-the sum of earnings over a career-the total premium is $570,000 for a bachelor’s degree and $170,000 for an associate’s degree.” (pg.211 para. 1) This is an extremely effective use of logos to persuade as to why getting a college degree can yield “a tremendous return” (pg.211 para. 1), as the Hamilton Project stated. This is so effective because the authors lay all the numbers out right in front of the readers regarding lifetime earnings achieved through bachelor’s degrees, associates degrees, and high school diplomas.
There is an ample amount of information that leads people to believe that college is a great choice. In Source F, it is shown that, “Adults who graduated from a four-year college believe that, on average, they are earning $20,000 more a year as a result of having gotten that degree. Adults who did not attend college believe that, on average they are earning $20,000 a year less as a result.” Also, provided in Source F, “...55% say it [college] was very useful in helping them prepare for a job or career.” While these statistics are true, the negatives still outweigh the positives.
The fact that not everyone needs to go to college is the main point that Stephanie Owen and Isabel Sawhill write about in great detail throughout their essay. Even though the authors do say that people that go to college usually earn more, they state that this is on “average,” and that the key focus of their essay is to focus on those that the benefits are not greater than the cost of going to college. (Page 211, Paragraph 1). They also include a graph right under the text that shows how “on average” people with a college degree earn more than those that are just high school graduates. (Page 211, Figure one).
According to Andrew J. Rotherham’s article “Actually, College Is Very Much Worth it. ”he states, “Meanwhile, in 2010, the unemployment rate was 9.2 percent for those with only some college and more than 10 percent for those with just a high school degree, but it was 5.4 percent for college graduates.” The data Rotherham provides shows that even with some college education, you have a higher chance of getting employed than those with just a high school degree. The one group that outweighs all the others is the college graduates proving that with a college degree unemployment is less likely to befriend people who do pursue college. Some people might say that there are loads of jobs that do not require a college degree, especially in this time and age.
Some people believe that a college degree is essential to a successful life, however, not everyone should be obligated to go to college because over forty percent of students will not graduate, and a good deal of graduates never use their degree. Innumerable full-time
The United States of America has established that its economic health depends on the academic success of its students. Data from the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES,2005) indicate that Caucasian, African American and Hispanic young adults who have at least a Bachelor 's Degree have higher median earnings than their peers with less education; African American college graduates earn 60 % more than high school graduates; African American workers who dropped out of high school earned 30% less than high school graduates . In general, young adults with a Bachelor 's Degree are less likely to be unemployed than their peers with less education and this pattern holds for all three racial groups (NCES, 2005). Subsequently, the decline in academic achievement has been on the rise and is influenced by external factors within the school system.
college graduates make more than those without a degree. ‘In the 1980s and particularly in the 1990s, hourly wages for young college-educated men in 2000 were $22.75, but that dropped by almost a full dollar to $21.77 by 2010. For young college-educated women, hourly wages fell from $19.38 to $18.43 over the same period.’ (“Shierholz, Heidi”). Almost every year or every other year wages drop about 1 dollar and some change.