Summary The Virgin of Guadalupe (La Virgin De Guadalupe) is an essential part of Latin American history, specifically Mexico. Averse to traditional Catholic belief, Guadalupe is essential in the theological structure of the Mexican Catholic believer. The sixteenth century was crucial for Spain's conquest and implementation of its policy of domination of the New World. It was a time of resistance by the Indians, who did not want to surrender themselves, their culture, religion and economy to the invaders (Pereyra 1997). This period was also where the legend of The Virgin of Guadalupe first originated.
According to the legend, Juan Diego was crossing the hill Tepeyac on December 9, 1531, when a woman appeared to him. The woman instructed him …show more content…
She seems to be wearing all royal clothing while also looking downward in a prayer stance. Behind her, there seems to be sun shining as she is holding her stance. The imagery in of this painting holds more meaning towards the ancestors of the people who witnessed The Virgin of Guadalupe. The sun and moon were both gods at the time of Aztec civilization. They held so much power to that civilization which could be shown in this picture to mean that they are now subservient to the new priestess, which means they are under God. Since the appearance of the Virgin occurred in the same time of the Spanish conquest, it may reveal something entirely different. The sun and moon are still present inside of painting but hidden now. The moon and sun never left nor did their power come under the reign of Guadalupe. The Virgin of Guadalupe, especially in this painting, could be referred as the persona for Mexican culture. The persona according to Jung, represents the side of the side of personality which is desired to be shown by the person or the collective (Feist 1985). Guadalupe is the face of safety, which hides the true nature of Mexican culture and civilization. The sun and moon is the
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In 1519, Hernándo Cortés, a Spanish Conquistador ventured into Tenochtitlan, the capital of Aztec empire, searching for gold and glory. He set out to conquer the empire and to capture the Aztecs in order to achieve his ambitions. Moctezuma, the highly respected leader of the mighty Aztec Empire, came confronting with Hernán Cortés, the leader of a small band of professional European soldiers from a huge island that lay six day’s sail to the east. In “Malintzin’s Choices: An Indian Women in the Conquest of Mexico” and “Mexico and the Spanish Conquest”, Camilla Townsend and Ross Hassig respectively present one histories in their own interpretations of the conquest of Mexico.
Along with Brazil, Mexico has demonstrated a similar phenomenon, amongst the Nahuatl-speaking locals. It is another Virgin Mary figure which was discovered on a sacred Aztec site. The statue is commonly referred to as Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe (Our Lady of Guadalupe, pictured below), however the indigenous people call her Tonantzin, after an indigenous goddess of the earth. Asides from religious figurines, there are many buildings in Latin America which are known to be influenced by the colonisation which are religious sites, most often churches. The increase in the number of churches in Latin America is another sign that religion took a large part in changing Latin American society and lifestyle.
In the altar’s center is “a plaster image of the Virgin of Guadalupe, quarter-life size, its brown Indian face staring down on the woman” (Paredes 23). The implication of the stare is of criticism as the Virgin, symbolic of an ideal Mexican womanhood, looks down on Marcela, whose Anglo features starkly contrast with the Virgin’s, and whose actions are in opposition to the values that she represents. This carefully constructed scene is meaningful. Marcela’s lifeless body lies between the bed and the altar, and opposite to the altar is Marcela’s shrine dedicated to Hollywood movie stars. These are the visual images of the opposing forces that characterize the Mexican-American struggle for resistance against American cultural hegemony.
Saint paper: Our lady of Guadalupe The Virgin of Guadalupe is the patron saint of Mexico. On December 9, 1531, the Lady of Guadalupe appeared to an Aztec Indian whom had just converted to the Catholic Faith, his name is Juan Diego. Mary asked Juan Diego to tell the Bishop to build a church in the location she needed it to be built. Juan Diego carried the news to the Bishop, but the Bishop wanted proof that the message he was brought was directly from the Lady of Guadalupe herself. Juan Diego went back and told her what the Bishop had asked for.
La Chingada can take many forms; in this context, it is mother Mexico and La Malinche. Native Mexico and the conquest are obvious examples of a taking, however, La Malinche is all but a personified chingada. Doña Marina (La Malinche) was Hernán Cortés’s personal advisor and Indian mistress. Marina was used by Cortes and became recognized as evidence of the physical violation of women by Spanish conquistadors, or chingones. Paz argues that La Malinche can be seen as the violated Mother of Mexico, while La Virgen de Guadalupe is hailed as the virgin Mother.
Known for his defining role in the Mexican Mural Movement, Diego Rivera sought to create paintings that depicted the Mexican renaissance and socialist ideas of Mexican politics. After some time studying in Europe, Rivera was influenced by Italian renaissance artist Giotto to paint using fresco techniques (famsf.org). “Two Women and a Child” serves as an example of the theme he portrays in many of his paintings. While the fresco technique was predominantly used during the Italian renaissance, Rivera revitalized this ideal by including it in his painting of “Two Women and a Child”. Rivera’s use of techniques in Two Woman and a Child provide viewers with an understanding of the strength, pride, and perseverance Mexico had during the Mexican Renaissance.
Cesar Chavez had a great pride towards everything he stood for, whether it was his catholic beliefs or protecting his fellow man from the oppressor. Growing up in America, Cesar Chavez witnessed discrimination from being Mexican first hand. By growing up in a family oriented catholic home, he was raised to care about the well being of others and to approach life in a nonviolent manner. Having a father who was a farmer, he witnessed the poor living conditions and wages that were given to him and knew that something had to be done. Cesar Chavez’s fight for improving working conditions for farmers helped him gather a large following of Mexican Americans.
The author gives insight on how many ways the Spaniards used their power to assist in the downfall of the Aztecs. The reason why the Spaniards became victorious, was because the Spaniards were looked upon as if they were gods because of their outer appearance. The Aztecs broke bread and welcomed the Spaniards with gifts and parties. The Aztecs triggered their relationship with the Spaniards by holding a ritual for the arrival of the god which included a human sacrifice. The Spaniards didn’t agree with the rituals and began to despise the Aztecs.
The Virgin Mary is a primordial icon in the Roman Catholic Church, she has been giving various different titles but a couple of the most important ones are “Queen of Mexico and Empress of the Americas” and “Virgin Patroness of Latin America” (Fastiggi 509). Although she been given these unbelievable prestigious titles and the fact that she has affected various countries in Latin America. It is undoubtedly well known that the Virgin Mary has had the most influence in Mexico were she is called Our Lady of Guadalupe/Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe/La Virgen de Guadalupe. In this essay which will be discussing Our Lady of Guadalupe and how she impacted colonial Mexico. This will go in depth into the transversal historical context and the longitudinal historical context, which will be separated into sections.
The folklores of this particular culture hold creencias or beliefs that have shaped Mexican history. These stories serve to stimulate the minds of Mexican Americans that keep the history alive. For children it brings a view of a mystic world of the past to life in their eyes. It is the heart and soul of the culture and it gives people the insight to their value system. One story in particular from what I remember as a child was the story of La Llorona.
The Virgin of Guadalupe is a worldly known work of art; Jeanette Favrot Peterson questions the meaning of this iconic symbol in her article The Virgin of Guadalupe: Symbol of Conquest or Liberation? Peterson argues that this symbol is not only of religious connotation but of political value to freedom as well. Furthermore, paraphrasing her claims, that it was not until the nineteenth and twentieth century’s did the image reach its fullest potential of bringing together a fragmented people and become known as the “Mother of Mexicans.” The legend says that Juan Diego was visited by the Virgin on the hill of Tepeyacac and that she sent a message with him that she wanted a church built in her name, only after the third visit was he able to convince
For instance, the item at top left shows the anatomy and the complexity of being pregnant (Self Portrait as a Tehuana, Autorretrato como Tenhuana, Frida). The baby boy in the middle of the painting symbolizes the baby Deigo she thought she would never have (Self Portrait as a Tehuana, Autorretrato como Tenhuana, Frida). The snail shows how slow and agonizing the miscarriage was (Self Portrait as a Tehuana, Autorretrato como Tenhuana, Frida). The machine in the bottom left was used to symbolize the cold machines they used on her at the hospital (Self Portrait as a Tehuana, Autorretrato como Tenhuana, Frida).
In the article “The Virgin of Guadalupe: A Mexican National Symbol” by Eric R. Wolf, the facts are given about the history of the symbol as well as the importance that it plays in the lives of the people of Mexico. This Wolf applies the agnostic approach in his article by the language that he uses. He does not attempt to persuade or dissuade from believing in the Virgin of Guadalupe. Wolf starts out by explaining that the terms he uses do no represent the Mexican people as a whole, “In this paper, I should like to discuss this [Virgin of Guadalupe] Mexican master symbol, and the ideology which surrounds it. In making use of the term ‘master symbol,’ I do not wish to imply that belief in the symbol is common to all Mexicans” (Wolf 2).
Europeans had many effects on the area now known as Texas and on the Indians. Few if any of those effects were positive. The Conquistadors affected the people, the land, and caused the colonization of Texas. They had many motives for their deeds, converting the Indians to Christianity, finding cities of gold, or just claiming land. A Spanish conquistador named Cabeza de Vaca crashed into the mainland near Galveston in 1528 and began exploring the area now known as Texas.