The rendition of the Virgin of Guadalupe Flanked by Saint John and Juan Diego validated the legend of the “original” Virgin by acknowledging the healing history this icon by placing Diego along with a Saint exhibiting its protecting nature to the inherent peoples. Peterson continues to say this would lead to an important first step of associating Mexico with the biblical New Jerusalem creating a stable religious-political foundation for more independent peoples. Although, these people would be continue to be viewed in jaded light for the colonials had a strong sense of class stratification that weighed heavily on race versus worth. Virgin of Guadalupe Venerated by Juan Diego and the Indian display the Indian as a reincarnate of a noble savage causing a disjointed understanding of the proper place in the caste. The Virgin was converted to a national emblem after it is believed that after widespread prayer she stopped a plague that was rapidly killing almost 100,000 proving her efficacy although who is to say that the widespread illness had already run its
In 1519, Hernándo Cortés, a Spanish Conquistador ventured into Tenochtitlan, the capital of Aztec empire, searching for gold and glory. He set out to conquer the empire and to capture the Aztecs in order to achieve his ambitions. Moctezuma, the highly respected leader of the mighty Aztec Empire, came confronting with Hernán Cortés, the leader of a small band of professional European soldiers from a huge island that lay six day’s sail to the east. In “Malintzin’s Choices: An Indian Women in the Conquest of Mexico” and “Mexico and the Spanish Conquest”, Camilla Townsend and Ross Hassig respectively present one histories in their own interpretations of the conquest of Mexico.
“The Epic Journey of Cabeza de Vaca: A land So Strange” written by Andres Resendez takes place in the sixteenth century with Spanish conquistadors searching for treasures in northern Mexico, and the state of Florida that only a handful have traveled into, leaving this unknown territory to be speculated about. Spanish conquistadors involved in the journey to explore Florida consisted of Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca, Andrés Dorantes, Alonso del Castillo, and Estebanico Dorantes. The goal of journeying to Florida was mainly to bring treasure that was said to have been found in the Native Americans lands in Rio de las Palmas, México. However, due to the lack of pilots experienced with the Rio de las Palmas area the expedition was the result of the
Vicent Van Gogh once said, “If you hear a voice within you ‘You cannot paint,’ then by all means paint, and that voice will be silenced.” Like most of Gogh’s paintings, Bonaventura Berlinghieri painted what he was passion about. Berlinghieri was “…know for his poignant and detailed scene from the life of the Saint Francis on the predella (based of the altarpiece) of the Church of San Francesco at Pescia” (The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica). The Saint Francis Altarpiece is a five feet panel, created in 1235 as a depiction of Saint Francis and the church. The portrait was painted on wood panel and in gothic like form. Nonetheless, this masterpiece is representation of time, the complexity of the painting and the
Cabeza de vaca was stranded on texas after their boats had disappeared he was left there with 300 men how would they all get out alive. They were on a colonizing trip and when they told the men to look for tesur and returns there was no boat in sight. How did cabeza de vaca serve through all of this and make it to mexico city.
Cesar Chavez had a great pride towards everything he stood for, whether it was his catholic beliefs or protecting his fellow man from the oppressor. Growing up in America, Cesar Chavez witnessed discrimination from being Mexican first hand. By growing up in a family oriented catholic home, he was raised to care about the well being of others and to approach life in a nonviolent manner. Having a father who was a farmer, he witnessed the poor living conditions and wages that were given to him and knew that something had to be done. Cesar Chavez’s fight for improving working conditions for farmers helped him gather a large following of Mexican Americans. By implementing elements of Catholicism and parts of his Mexican heritage into his rallies using The Virgen de Guadalupe as a symbol for protection, and by protesting through the use of nonviolence and self-sacrifice, Cesar Chavez managed to start a revolution in America to get first class citizenship for Mexican Americans.
The first piece of artwork I critiqued was the famous Virgin of Guadalupe. The Virgin of Guadalupe is currently exhibited in the Basilica of Guadalupe in Mexico City. The piece of art is not solely a painting, but an enconchado. It was made into wood, and it essentially creates a reflective surface that appears as moving. Also, I like how they explain their theory on the woman of the apocalypse and how it relates to this piece of art. It also implies that she was standing on the moon, showby by the angel on the bottom of the artwork, supporting her. Juan Diego was an indigenous man who who underwent a vision conquest in which the Virgin of Guadalupe spoke to him in his language, and requested for him to put a shrine in her honor at the top
The Virgin Mary is a primordial icon in the Roman Catholic Church, she has been giving various different titles but a couple of the most important ones are “Queen of Mexico and Empress of the Americas” and “Virgin Patroness of Latin America” (Fastiggi 509). Although she been given these unbelievable prestigious titles and the fact that she has affected various countries in Latin America. It is undoubtedly well known that the Virgin Mary has had the most influence in Mexico were she is called Our Lady of Guadalupe/Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe/La Virgen de Guadalupe. In this essay which will be discussing Our Lady of Guadalupe and how she impacted colonial Mexico. This will go in depth into the transversal historical context and the longitudinal historical context, which will be separated into sections.
Wolf explained some of the history behind the Guadalupe, “The image of the Guadalupe and her shrine at Tepeyac are surrounded by an origin myth” (Wolf 2). By stating this, Wolf is giving the information that the symbol is simply stating the history of the symbol and how it came to be. He is also stating that the Virgin was not the first supernatural symbol of the area. However, Wolf also explains the importance of the symbol: “The first set of relationships which I would like to single out for consideration are the ties of kinship, and the emotions generated in the play of relationships within families” (Wolf 4). By doing this, he is giving attention to the impact that the symbol has on the culture. He is neither rejecting the idea of
La Chingada can take many forms; in this context, it is mother Mexico and La Malinche. Native Mexico and the conquest are obvious examples of a taking, however, La Malinche is all but a personified chingada. Doña Marina (La Malinche) was Hernán Cortés’s personal advisor and Indian mistress. Marina was used by Cortes and became recognized as evidence of the physical violation of women by Spanish conquistadors, or chingones. Paz argues that La Malinche can be seen as the violated Mother of Mexico, while La Virgen de Guadalupe is hailed as the virgin Mother. Both of these figures have passive personalities, weakening the character of one and emphasizing the maternal nature of the other. Also, both Mothers acted as middlemen; La Malinche as Cortes’s advisor from within and La Virgen as the intermediate between the Father and the
Situated near the U.S.-Mexico border during the early twentieth century is the fictional setting of Fort Jones, the outskirts of which is where Americo Paredes’ short story “Macaria’s Daughter” takes place. Emblematic of the disappropriation of Mexican land, as well as the increased marginalization of the Mexican people, the overbearing presence of Fort Jones reveals the struggle for preservation that characterizes the Mexican-American community of the story. “Macaria’s Daughter” is the tragic account of what happens in a small community when the upholding of Mexican values and institutions, and opposition to Anglo-American culture, become more important than a young woman’s life. In this essay, I will argue that “Macaria’s Daughter” is a text
The two women kneeling down in their bulky bodies symbolize strength and perseverance. Being a laborer during the Mexican Revolution meant that one had to be tough and resilient in order to survive. Rivera’s depictions of the two women symbolize Mexico’s triumph over the Mexican Revolution. He wanted to create paintings that spoke highly of his country after being hired to do so by the government of Mexico. His purpose was to inform the natives of Mexico that even in times of struggle, they still are strong enough to
Cultural influences people on how to communicate with one another and its methods of communication from one culture to another. Culture plays a significant role in intercultural communication.
The artist Dieric Bouts painting is called Virgin and Child. This painting dates back to 1455-1460 and is drawn with oil on a wood panel 81/2 x 61/2 . The time period is Netherlands, Haarlem. The Virgin and child are paint about the Virgin Mary and her love for her son.
In this paper, the epic journey and expedition of Cabeza de Vaca would be discussed that why is his tale significant to understand the Spanish invasion of the Americas, what communication difficulties did he faced and what were the main aspects of his journey and our learning’s about native societies.