Article 3 of the Constitution grants the Supreme Court the power to review cases and declare a verdict. However, the Supreme Court is only allowed to make a decision regarding a case if and only it is brought to them. In other words, only cases that has been passed through the lower courts and has made its way up into the Supreme Court is the Supreme Court allowed to make a decision. From the founding of the constitution, many cases have made its way up the courts and into the Supreme Court where the Justices deliver the final verdict. Cases similar to that of Nixon vs. United States challenged the federal power of the President. Five men were apprehended by the police on April 17, 1972 in the Democratic National Committee’s offices …show more content…
Although President Richard Milhous Nixon denied any involvement, further investigation revealed that the President had installed automatic audio tapes in the White House which recorded conversations between him and his officials. When asked for copies of taped recordings in the Oval Office which is the office of the President of the United States, Nixon refused. His reasoning was due to the fact that his Presidential authority grants him the power to prevent the release of any recordings. This is also known as executive privilege. Executive privilege grants the Executive branch the power to prevent the Legislative and Judicial branch from assessing personal information and communication within the Executive branch. Later, Nixon released some of the tapes, but they were edited in which sections of the tapes were erased. As a result, a special prosecutor asked the United States’ Supreme Court to force Nixon to release the tapes to the public. Thus, this case was brought to the Supreme Court. On July 24, 1974, in a 8-0 unanimous Supreme Court ruling by Chief Justice Warren E. Burger and 7 other Supreme Court judges that the President of the United States has to hand over the …show more content…
It prevented an abuse in Presidential power by limiting the power of the President. The Supreme Court gave the Judicial and Legislative branch permission to obtain confidential information from the Executive branch if it is necessary for providing a fair trial. If the Supreme Court had not limited the power of the President, future President will be able to follow Nixon’s example, committing illegal action and hiding the information from the other branches. If not for the intervention of the Supreme Court, Richard Nixon would have been able to hide the illegal actions he was committing while in office. If not for their ruling, the world would be of one where documents or recording devices recording the illegal actions of the President or any member of the Executive branch may go unnoticed. This could serious endanger the democratic nation as the President would become one similar to that of King George III whom the founding fathers sought to avoid when they draft the Constitution. However, this court case also proved that privileges granted to a certain person or groups are not absolute. The executive privilege granted to the President is not absolute and neither are any of the rights guaranteed in the constitution. No rights are absolute and thus, this court case had a negative impact on the society of the United States. Generally speaking, the court case, Nixon vs. United States
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One point being that at the time that he took office the Supreme Court was mainly Federalist-dominated, and was a struggling institution. This caused them to be aimed for attacks by the Jeffersonian Republican, who were strongly against the Federalist. The Jeffersonian republicans had gained control of the white house and congress, because of this they wanted to come to power of the judicial branch. They went as far as trying to impeach Federalist judges. Another point is that it was very challenging to find people to serve on Court.
Shortly after, the Court found that the Judiciary Act of 1789 conflicts with the Constitution. Since the Constitution is defined to be a supreme law, the Supreme Court strikes down laws that conflict with the Constitution. In consequence, this case gained the court the power of Judicial Review and maintained the status of the Judiciary as a co-equal branch of
In the past, certain principles of the Supreme Court in accordance with the Fourth Amendment changed with each Chief Justice. Between the years 1953 and 2005, there had been three of them, each modifying the main focus and making exceptions to searches and seizures by police. Their names were Chief Justice Earl Warren, Warren E. Burger, and William H Rehnquist. With each alternation of each of them came the names referring to the Supreme Court for those time periods. First, the Warren Court, focused on bringing attention to the exclusionary rule in order to protect citizens from being charged with ilegally-obtained evidence.
Eventually, when Nixon went to trial the judge asked him to hand over the tapes there were parts missing, which showed the country that he was covering up something. These tapes would show that Nixon had acknowledgement of the break-in a week before it even happened. The judge ended up convicting Nixon with three felonies, federal crime, abusing presidential powers, and keeping evidence. Furthermore, Nixon was forced to resign from the presidential seat and handing over the seat to Gerald Ford, who is the only president to not be elected as president
So the early morning of June, 1972 Nixon ordered his plumbers to break and bug/wiretap the Democratic National Committee Headquarters located in Watergate apartments(The scandal’s name was named after the location of where the crime occurred). Unfortunately for the president, the mission was a failure and the plumbers were arrested. The White House administration were quick to deny any wrongdoing in the Watergate scandal, stating “no one in the White House staff, no one in this administration presently employed was involved in this bizarre incident... ”(The
Most say Richard Nixon is one of the most interesting political figures of the 20th century. Nixon began his long political career in 1947 when he was elected to the House of Representatives. During the course of his presidential campaign, Senator George McGovern had complained about the various number of “dirty tricks” performed by members of the Nixon administration during the campaign. Nixon resulted in ordering aides to harass Democratic party leaders. The Attorney General Mitchell would later call these “dirty tricks” the “White House horrors.”
All of this deceit only made Nixon viewed as dishonest and shady to the American people, making his impeachment seem almost predictable. But something that was not predicted was Richard Nixon’s
The question, is the Judicial branch truly equal to the other two branches? My answer to this question is, can any two things truly be a hundred percent equal? I say no these branches are not completely equal. They were created as close to equal as they could be. But, they are meant to be different but similar in a way.
Madison case implications was the establishment of a precedent, which is a legal decision to serve as an example in other court cases. The court is interpreted as having the power to review the acts of the congress as well as that of the president and thus can overrule the laws it finds to be unconstitutional. The bold ruling decision also established the Judiciary as an equal partner with the legislature and the Executive in completing the government system. In this regard, the constitution is the supreme law of the land and it is the Supreme Court that interprets the meaning of the constitution. It is, therefore, the duty of the judiciary to say what the law
The purpose of the Constitution was to establish a central government authorized to deal directly with individuals rather than states and to incorporate a system of checks and balances that would preserve the fundamental concepts contained in the Magna Carta, that is, to limit the power of the government. The first three articles of the Constitution establish the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government and the country’s system of checks and balances. The balance of power was established vertically through the separation of power between the federal government and the states and laterally through the three branches. In the supremacy clause, the constitution declared itself the supreme law of the land. The U.S. Constitution
Does the Supreme Court Have Too Much Power? Article Three, Section One of the Constitution states that “The judical power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.”. Throughout the years, the Supreme Court has evolved significantly. According to the United States Courts, the Surpeme Court can range from having a low of 5 members to a high of 10 members, the Supreme Court plays an important role in the government today. Although the Supreme Court of Justice is at the head of the court system, the power of the Supreme Court has grown exponentially to a point where it could be considered more powerful than Congress and the power of
The Judicial Branch would suffer because the average framer did not understand the qualifications of the Supreme Court Justices. Madison explains that in order to avoid a gradual concentration in power in any single branch, other branches in government must use constitutional protections in order to ensure that a build up of power does not ever occur in a single branch. There are certain situations that man will abuse power. Keeping men from abusing power is not inevitable because all men are not perfect. The