Tesco: Unit 1: The Business Environment

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Unit 1: The Business Environment Task 1: Describe the types of business, purpose and ownership of two contrasting businesses. Tesco is a profitable British global company and is the third largest retailer in the world measured by profits. Brockenhurst is a non-profitable local organisation located in the New Forest run by the government. Tesco 's is the grocery market leader in the UK where it has a market share of 27.8%. (Tesco 's was founded in 1919 in London and Jack Cohen bought a plot of land in 1934) since then the supermarket has expanded. The first supermarket was built in 1950 and subsequently it grew. Today there are 3,739 stores in the UK with over 310,000 colleagues. There are in excess of 6,000 stores worldwide. Brockenhurst…show more content…
' The main aim for the firm is to stay as the UK 's leading supermarket and provide good quality services and products at a low cost so that they are cheaper than their competitors. Their objectives are to maximise sales which will increase their profits. They want to decrease their prices to make shopping cheaper for the average household. They want to introduce healthier products which will attract more customers and they want to help reduce food waste worldwide and guaranteeing surplus food goes to those in need. Brockenhurst college has many community values *********** Tesco is a public limited company (PLC) which means the public can buy shares in the firm. It is in the tertiary sector as it offers a service to customers however they do come under the secondary sector as they manufacture and sell their own products e.g. Tesco value, Tesco finest etc. Brockenhurst college is in the not-for-profit sector as it is an organisation run by the government and it provides society 's needs. The college is a service which means it is in the tertiary…show more content…
Tesco 's ownership is owned by several partners due to it being a PLC. Thousands of people have shares within the company which means it is owned by shareholders who fund the company. The advantages of this ownership are being a PLC means you have limited liability which means you only lose what you put into the company. It is easier to access capital as you can raise share capital from existing and new investors. Shareholders are able to buy and sell their shares which can sustain the liquidity of the business. As well as advantages there are disadvantages of being a PLC. As information is shared on the stock market the public can analyse the corporation actions which may cause a public chaos. Another disadvantage is that ownership and control is lost when a number of shares in the company increase. This means the directors of the company may lose control of the direction that Tesco wants to be in and they may face

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