Water is very important to us because human bodies, as well as animals, cannot function without water in their systems. Water can no longer continue to stay unprotected, it is simply too important. Today most countries have laws aimed at safeguarding water quality and controlling water abstractions (Groenfeldt, 2013). In 2010, a new human right to ‘safe water and sanitation’ was recognized by the United Nations and implemented effective immediately. Water not only feeds the human body, but also the earth.
The importance of Water Water is the most basic need of everyone (human being, animal, plant and other microorganisms and water is the reason for our existence and further living things on the earth. Water is the unique source of life, without water we cannot imagine the life here. Without water there would be no local business or industry. Fire-fighting, municipal parks, and public swimming pools all need lots of water. An array of pipes, canals, and pumping stations managed by our public water systems are needed to bring a reliable supply of water to our taps each day.
Although most of the earth's surface is covered with water, water shortage is a serious threat to the survival of humanity at present and in future. There is a water crisis which faces many parts of the world and it is a threat to survival of human beings since humans are primarily dependent on water. Shortage in drinking water is a major problem facing developing countries which have not taken drastic steps to harvest water and purify it to make it safe for human consumption. However, this problem is also being increasingly felt in developed countries where the population growth has strained available water resources and stretched the ability of governments and private firms to provide safe drinking water to the population. There are many conflicts around the world where people have died or have been injured as a result of clashes over a water resource.
“As the population rises, the world 's water usage will rise. Many areas of the world already suffer from a lack of fresh water,” (Population Control 3). If the world runs out of freshwater, humanity will plunge into chaos. Humanity needs water to survive, and that is a fact. Relationships between countries will be broken apart over disputes for water.
Almost 3½ million people die every year due to this problem. Water shortage is caused due to many reasons like Population Expansion, Urbanisation, Pollution, Vegetation Destruction & Deforestation. Earth’s population has been increasing exponentially and is slowly going out of control. The amount of water used per family for washing clothes, bathing etc.
Places around the world are having trouble trying to get clean water for their household. Impoverished nations around the world need water to clean their household, for drinking, and water for bathing to keep clean. ( UN News Center)
I. INTRODUCTION Water is a basic need and essential for human needs. The clean water availability is a major concern in many developing countries including Indonesia (Song et al, 2009). Appan (1997), in a study stated that demand for clean water is needed in developing countries,. Sustainable water resources management should pay attention to the principle that the use of the water resources in accordance with the required quantity (Kim et al, 2007).
INTRODUCTION Lack of clean water is affecting millions of people today.Almost 1 out of every 6 people alive are unable to adequately access water, and worse still, over double that number lack basic sanitation, for which water is a necessity. (Abebe, 2011)Almost half the population in some third world countries can’t access clean water and availability of drinking water is becoming a major socio-economic issue across the world, particularly in the developing world. Clean water i.e. water that is free from toxins and various chemicals is essential to human health. Rapid increase in population, industrialization, droughts and demands from variety of users are the major factors that led to clean drinking water shortage.
Water is obviously essential for hydration and for food production but sanitation is an equally important, and complementary, use of water. A lack of proper sanitation services not only breeds disease, it can rob people of their basic human
Nowadays, one of the most important issues in the world that concern the human population is the consumption of water. Globally, the water shortage and degradation is a growing concern, since the stocks are eliminated. The main concern is if there will be enough water for the demands within the next 25 to 50 years. As the industrial development and the world population increase dramatically, the demand for water increases too. Today, industries and agriculture are the leading cause of the water’s shortage.