Communism in the Cold War "The seeds of totalitarian regimes are nurtured by misery and want, they spread and grow in the evil soil of the poverty and strife. They reach their full growth when the hope of a people for a better life has died. We must keep that hope alive." as said by Harry S. Truman on march 12, 1947 in The Truman Doctrine. While Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy all had the same same Cold War intention of ending communism, their ways of achieving their goal were different.The Cold War was an angry dispute between the United States and the Soviet Union about whether we should spread or contain communism (Ayres 817).
They had resources, people, money, and power while Europe was greatly damaged. The whole conflict started with the Soviet Union being communist and the U.S. being capitalist. The U.S. was afraid of communism spreading through Europe and the rest of the world, so we started “fighting” the USSR in many indirect ways. There were many differences in opinions between the two countries, and that led to many different conflicts,
Reflection of this conflict was apparent in the American ethos, in which Americans feared that if “world communism captur[ed] any American state…a new and perilous front…will increase the danger to the entire free world and require even greater sacrifices from the American people” (Document B). As illustrated by Eisenhower, “the hysteria” of communism propagating into American society and threatening the American way of life was a very prevalent fear at the forefront of the Cold War (Document A). McCarthyism, a system established by Senator Joseph McCarthy in which he made unsubstantiated accusations of subversion or treason to America, acted as the culmination of this hysteria, directly reflecting the sentiments driving the American people. Eisenhower did not engage in any domestic policies to quell these “multiplicity of fears” (Document A). Instead he compounded them with legislation such as the “National System of Interstate and Defense Highways…connect[ing] 209 of the 247 cities having a population of 50,00 more and [serving as] the country’s principal…defense” (Document D).
This was the start of the first Red Scare throughout the country. The Cold War was a direct conflict of ideas between Democracy and Communism. International politics were heavily shaped by the intense rivalry between these two great blocs of power and the political ideologies they represented: democracy in the case of the United States and its allies, and Communism in the case of the Soviet bloc. While the United States accused the USSR of seeking to expand Communism in Europe and Asia, the USSR viewed itself as the leader of history 's progressive forces and charged the United States with attempting to stamp out revolutionary activity wherever it arose. In 1946 and 1947, russia/solviet union helped bring Communist governments to power in Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, and
(Gerard et al 58) He was seen as “ another or worse Fidel Castro” by the CIA. (Namikas 146) If he stayed in power, communism would take over the country which would be a global disaster, as thought by the CIA director. (Villafaña 6) Turned to the United States and the Soviet Union because he did not trust Belgium to help for the independence (Namikas
Competing perspectives and human decisions led to violent conflicts throughout the 20th century. By analyzing different perspectives of the countries that are blamed for starting Cold War and the ideologies that were imposed in the other countries. Two different political systems led to further conflicts of the Cold War. The Soviet Union during the Cold War was a communist country. Stalin wanted to expand the spirit of communism in the world.
Containment was the strategy used by the United States throughout the Cold War. Containment was first proposed by George Kennan in 1947, he believed that Moscow would eventually adopt peaceful policies if America had a firm resistance. Three examples of the use of containment by the American government are The Truman Doctrine, The Marshall Plan, and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The first act of containment was seen in 1947 when the Truman Doctrine occurred. In February of 1947, Britain informed America that they could not protect the Greek, nor Turkey, governments from communist guerrillas.
S’s strong sentiment against communism led to changes in the economic policy towards Russia soon after the beginning of Cold War. Ideological differences between the two powers and Russia’s aggression in Eastern Europe only helped escalate the conflict and damage the relationships between the two countries. Pre-World War II, the fear communism and U. S’s distrust/hostility against the Bolshevik’s did not allow for any large-scale economic ties to blossom between the two countries (LaFeber, 57). However, as the fear of communism started to fade and as the Soviet Union started to work its way into European fear, commercial relationships began to establish between the two powers (Lippmann, 43). By 1933, Franklin D. Roosevelt, who was eager to establish a large-scale with Russia, negotiated with the Soviets allowing for economic relations to flourish.
McCarthyism is the practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence. McCarthyism is one of the main reasons for the start of the Red Scare, a time when the people of the United States fear communists, socialists,
The Cold War did occur after WWII between the United States and The Soviet Union at the time of President Ronald Reagan administration. The Soviet union and its government had the ideology of spreading communism around the world. The United States was against communism and this why the country went to war with Vietnam. "Containment" was the ultimate goal by the U.S. to preventing communism from happen worldwide. My perception of the Cold War and the War on Terror is due to the lack of the United States government to understanding other countries language, culture and way of life.