The people were humiliated in front of everyone because they used the 5th amendment and decided to not answer anything they were asked. Therefore, we know that Arthur Miller used the accusations and punishments in the play, to symbolize the Red Scare. During the Red Scare, there were many accusations, people, punishments, and trials. Arthur Miller, author of The Crucible, wrote this play as an allegory to demonstrate what happened back in the 1950’s with the spread of Communism. Arthur Miller wanted to talk about the Red Scare and used the Salem Witch Trials to explain what happened through an allegory.
People in the Red Scare were often accused of being communist oftenly when someone was accused of being a communist, people would accuse other people just to not be accused as an communist. This is the same for the salem witch trials. In this book the townspeople of Salem have been put in a state of mass hysteria. Abigail Williams attempts to survive using deceit,power and control over people. John Proctor committed deceit and Elizabeth used Survival
The Red Scare during the mid-twentieth century, sparked by Joseph McCarthy’s accusations, is an event in which mass fear and paranoia of communism hypnotized Americans. Convictions made by McCarthy often placed people on a blacklist, destroying their careers. Because of these certain events, it influences playwright Arthur Miller to write The Crucible. The play demonstrates this hysteria through the Salem witch trials. People who were thought to be a witch have a choice of blackening their reputation by confessing, or hanging under the false evidence of witchcraft.
The threat of Communism and the Red Scare put fear of group mentality into many people during the late 1940-50s. The authors of 1984 and The Crucible used their respective works to comment on the social injustice going on in their own lives, which connects to injustice the exists throughout time anywhere in the world. Miller wrote his play, set in 1692, about Puritans and the Salem witch trials because he believed that, similar to his trial for HUAC in the 1950s, the trials in Salem were caused by false accusations and mass hysteria led by powerful individuals. In 1984, Orwell creates a world in the near future that shows group mentality and its threat to conform society with the government. In The Crucible, Arthur Miller illustrates a world
Miller compares witchcraft to Communism to explain the severity of the fear and hatred that Americans felt towards the Soviet Union’s government. As in D.H. Lawrence’s Women In Love, the author expresses his distaste for the existing prime minister through his character’s political views, just as Miller critiques the U.S. Government’s response to McCarthyism through his characters’ disapproval of the Salem Witch Trials. [Foster 111] The author compares the two cases through the role of his characters, as with Abigail and McCarthy, as well as through the governing conditions and the antagonistic concepts present in both situations. The Crucible in itself is representative of the Red Scare and criticizes government response to idealistic
All through history millions of individuals have been shunned, arrested, brutally tortured, prosecuted, and persecuted as witches. One would think that post colonization of the United States these unjust acts to human kind would have ended, but that was not so. In 1692 the Salem Witch Trials took place, an event that was a major catastrophe in United States history. It began when a group of young girls in Salem, Massachusetts declared that they were possessed by the devil and made accusations that several older women were practicing witchcraft and fraternizing with the Devil. The strict Puritan discipline is what incited the girl’s interest in magic and superstitious acts which caused strange behavior starting the witchcraft delirium in
During The Red Scare, there was a huge breakout of mass hysteria due to fears about the threat of communism . The way the US responds to Communism threat is: “A number of government officials took strong, and sometimes unlawful, actions against labor leaders, foreigners, and others” (manythings.org 165) …… Similarly to The Crucible, the people who were put on trial and accused without proper evidence were innocent which caused mass hysteria as well. An example from Mary Warren tries to tell the lies that the girls are covering: “I cannot tell how, but I did. I - I heard the other girls screaming, and you, Your Honor, you seemed to believe them, and I - It were only sport in the beginning, sir, but then the whole world cried spirits, spirits, and I - I promise you, Mr. Danforth, I only thought I saw them but I did not.” (Miller
The Crucible acts as an Allegorical tale of the events that occurred in America during the 1950s. Reverend Paris, the acting government in Salem, threatens Tituba, a slave from Barbados to “ confess” to witchcraft “or he will take her out and whip her to her death” (Miller 44). In the 1950s the House Committee on Un-American Activities blacklisted and threatened those accused of Communism to confess in the same way that the government of Salem threatened those accused of witchcraft. During both the 1692 Witch Trials and the 1950 McCarthy Trials the Government not only forced a confession, but imprisoned or killed those who refused to speak.
Soon a mere accusation from her becomes enough reason to convict even important, influential people. Abigail uses the witch hysteria that consumes Salem to secure herself from accusation, and gain control of the trials by accusing respectable people, before moving on to Elizabeth, and then in her desperation, she manipulates Mary Warren into eventually accusing John. “Abby' s lust threatens Proctor in many ways: she tempts him to sinning adultery in the first place;
Arthur Miller, an American writer during the 1950’s, compose one of his well known publish plays, The Crucible, as an allegory for the clear purpose of criticizing America’s society with the McCarthy anti-communist trials revolving during the era. The Crucible consisted of the background of 1600’s Salem witch trials but what Miller wanted to capture was the idea of the trials in American society being unjustifiable and destroyed lives of innocents in many occurrences. Within the composer of Arthur Miller’s, "Are You Now Or Were You Ever?,” the purpose is to justify his reason for shaming American society for the anti-communist trials by arguing that the blame was paranoia driving an individual to hysteria, often leading to bringing out the worse from within. Miller demonstrates a series of rhetorical strategies throughout the article in order to help convince an audience of his argument of paranoia leads up to distrust and chaos around a community. Miller begins the article with a series of specific verbs in order to layout a logical and convincing reasoning of why he was driven to expose the idea of paranoia being the one to commence the misshapen in society with all the trails.
During McCarthyism there was a committee called (HUAC) House Un-American Activities Committee that was hunting for “infiltrators” card-carrying communist . They decided that if you were suggested of being a communist you would have to face trial. This committee had the power to blacklist you and destroy your career. “...three hundred and twenty artists were blacklisted, and for many of them this meant the end of exceptional and promising careers.”(McCarthyism 217) The court in the Crucible also had tremendous power, their power was life or death. If you were accused and found to be a witch according to the court you were hang.
While the witches were accused of classic witchcraft, the main issue as far as James was concerned was the plan to murder him – treason. The trials also had a major political aspect, as there was an attempt to incriminate Earl of Bothwell in the proceedings. In 1597, James published Daemonologie, his rebuttal of Reginald Scot’s skeptical work, The Discoveries of Witchcraft, which questioned the very existence of witches. Daemonologie was a pessimistic book, presenting the idea of a vast conspiracy of satanic witches threatening to undermine the
In a news article published during the Red Scare, the author describes the Communist red flag as symbolizing “defiance of law, order, and constitutional government. It is an insult to the stars and stripes.” It also states, “There is no room in this country for any flag but our own.” (source) The article goes on to say that the federal government must do whatever it takes to eradicate any forms of communism. The author says that perhaps many citizens may be drawn to Communist ideology if the social injustices become more prevalent, and urges the readers to look into the problems of Communist civilizations. This article is an example of how many felt during the Red Scare and Cold War in regards to communism. It shows that people felt a collapse