Passed in 1887 the Dawes Act, also known as The General Allotment Act, assigned portions of Native American reservations into individual and family hands. Individuals received either 80 or 160 acre plots, and in some instances families received higher acreages. In 1887, over 135 million acres of American soil belonged to Native Americans. In 1934, that number had been reduced to a little over 45 million. The remaining land was sold to settlers, much of it for little or no money.
In the early 1800’s the founding fathers and citizens of the early United States decided that the east coast was not enough for them and they wanted more. More land to conquer, more people to come to their country, more respect from other countries, and to get this they were willing to do anything. The United States expanded west in the 1800’s when the territory west of the mississippi was found to be arable and habitable. After gaining the louisiana territory, which was most of the land west of the Mississippi, which made the US over twice as large as it was before. Then the US continued expanding - gaining Florida, Texas and other states that are now in the US.
This first seminar was successful due to the insightful comments and output every person brought when conveying our thoughts on Jackson’s actions and the Indian Removal Act. The inception of the seminar began with Maria straight out stating how Andrew Jackson was to blame and he het congress enact the bill. This was the center of our conversation for a good 15 minutes before we switched to examine why Andrew Jackson may have been forced and obligated to enact the Indian Removal Act. Sam discussed how Andrew Jackson had to “ultimately choose,” between his own citizens and the Native Americans. And he was not the only one that wanted this Act, but a majority in congress supported it, which is the reason it passed.
The Dawes Act of 1887 was built to make changes in policies towards American Indians. Those who accepted allotments and lived separately from the tribe would be granted United States citizenship. A family would receive 160 acres and a single person would receive 80 acres, if you were under the age of 18 you would receive 40 acres. Anything else that was left was passed on to white settlers. A few things reformers wanted to achieve are the breaking up of tribes, assisting the advancement of native farmers, securing parts of the reservations as Indian
The birth of the Bureau of Indian Affairs signaled the beginning of a series of extermination and assimilation policies directed towards the native tribal nations, leaving a devastating impact on the Native American legacy. In an official apology on behalf of the BIA given at its 175th anniversary, Kevin Gover stated that “from the very beginning, the Office of Indian Affairs was an instrument by which the United States enforced its ambition against the Indian nations.” The interest of the Indian people was never the goal of the agency despite its title, and the real purpose of its foundation had always been the removal of Indian problems by forced policies. John Collier, the Commissioner of Indian affairs appointed By FDR, aimed to improve
Being one of the more “advanced” tribes, the Cherokee thought early about making sure they could do everything possible to create preventative measures against having their land taken away. Before there was a more serious federal discussion on removing the tribe, they were working hard to becoming a more “civilized” group of people to become more accepted by regular Americans and to better themselves. In order to both help their case and further the process of becoming civilized, they set up a constitution which closely resembled that of the US Constitution. In the Cherokee Constitution, it allowed them to set up an actual border around their territory and set up a government, both which were signs of earlier resistance against their removal
White residents of the United States clashed with the Indigenous people on land, food, and rights, without a permanent compromise. In 1829, President Andrew Jackson proposes to move all Indigenous people within America’s current territory to reservations. After being pursued for nearly thirty years, the Choctaw and the Chickasaw tribes agreed for their removal. This would allow whites to live their civilized lives as the Indigenous people cast off their savage habits in remote reservations. President Jackson’s Case for the Removal Act shows that those of power and majority decide the terms of segregation.
President Andrew Jackson passed a law that stated the removal of the Cherokee Indians. They were forced to migrate elsewhere and leave their land. Their migration was called “The Trail of Tears” because of the negative effects it had on the Cherokees. It should not have happened and the U.S. should not have allowed it because it split apart people that were unified. They already had their own laws, and every clan was recognized.
Abran Alvarado US History 3rd Period 9/19/2015 Dawes Aact The Dawes act is where the government put the Indians land for sale. People had to go race and claim there land. Some people even died over the land. The president of the United States surveyed the land, and he separated it.
The Cherokee people may see the light of self-government, because this document noted that the Cherokee Indians, as a nation, owning the distinct sovereign powers. It stated that the Cherokee people had rights to manage their own territory and the citizens of Georgia had no right to enter without the assent of the Cherokees. The cause of this case was that Worcester claimed that the forced removal of his family was a violation of the constitutional right. The document indicated that the tribes were under the protection of the federal government and the tribal people could not be removed from the land. So this case was in favor of the Indians and they would support it.