The end of the 18th Dynasty came an extensive alteration to the religious and political structure of New Kingdom Egypt. This was due to the transition of Kingly leadership from Amenhotep III to Akhenaten. The succession of his father was following a 40-year reign of divine peace and prosperity, and after attaining a large sum of wealth and power Akhenaten made a dramatic decision to shift from the traditional origins of polytheism to monotheism. This attempted religious reform, also came along with many drastic political moves and statements. This diplomatic correspondence can be seen extensively throughout the Amarna Letters with exchanges between Egypt and several other surrounding locations such as Babylonia, Hatti and Assyria. These letters
The God of the Hebrews differed from pagan gods in numerous ways. The God of the Hebrews explicitly stated multiple times throughout the bible that there is only one God. “Wherefore thou art great, O LORD God; for there is none like thee, neither is there any God besides thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears” (2 Samuel 7:22). Since the Hebrews had one God, He was omnipotent. “It is he who made the earth by his power, who established the world by his wisdom, and by his understanding stretched out the heavens” (Jeremiah 10:12). Pagan gods on the other hand, such as those of the Egyptians, were abundant in number. There wasn’t one true God like the Hebrew’s believed, but instead were hundred’s of gods and goddesses. Each god
Prior to Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten) reign, Egypt practice polytheism which they worship many god and goddess and pharaoh were contest by the local temple priests. “Throughout the dynastic history of Egypt, the central authority of the pharaoh was repeatedly contested by local temple priests, each of whom held religious and political sway in their own regions along the Nile.” (Fiero pg. 54). When Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten) was a pharaoh of Egypt between 1353-1337 B.C.E, he had a different view more like a monotheism belief which belief is one single god. He changed the views of ancient Egypt from polytheism which is the wordship of many gods and goddess, to one god who name was Aten. “… defied the tradition of polytheism by elevating Aten (god of
The author uses both evidence and logic to deny and argue in favor of a connection between Akhenaten's version of monotheism and the early Hebrew version. For example, the author uses historical evidence suggesting that monotheism evolved "several centuries after Akhenaten's death" to deny that any connection exists between the two. He also argues that there is no direct evidence indicating that "Egyptian monotheists extend[ed] the aten's power beyond Egypt". Scholars also "would say [out] flatly that there weren't any Hebrews at all during the time". So, where did Hebrews get the idea of monotheism? The author deduces that it would be easy for Hebrews to arrive at the conclusion of worshipping in only one god. On the other hand, the author
The Mesopotamian and Hebrew societies lived in two very distinct sphere of influence, as they were Polytheist and monotheist, respectably. This difference ensured that each society would operate using different methods. The Gods ruling over the Mesopotamian people were extremely negative toward their subjects. Each group of Mesopotamians from the Sumerians to the Babylonians had different names for their gods; however, the gods operated in similar roles. Mesopotamian gods acted with the same feelings, attitudes, and dispositions as humans.
The ancients trusted their wisdom in making decisions during untimely situations and their strength and protection in times of war. The gods are not perfect, like any father, as they have their human qualities and were portrayed as the humans themselves by the authors of these myths to help show how the people interacted with each other and how they thought. Much like today in the Christian faith how God is looked to for guidance, protection, and strength. The difference is God is perfect and divine and will not make a mistake in his plan for our salvation. He is the ultimate father for us all and even sacrificed his only son , Jesus Christ, to become an infant with all the human qualities, except sin, and die on a cross to pay our debt for our sins, which is the ultimate sign of His fatherly love for us
The Resemblance of Gods and Humans Throughout all religions, gods have always been seen as superior in every way possible. The division between humans and gods has always been prevalent and prominent. However, when the actions and motives of these gods are truly analyzed, it will become evident that the gods of Greek Mythology merely behave as humans with supernatural powers.
The God of the bible VS. the Gods of the Greeks In history there are many religions, some monotheistic Christianity, and some polytheistic like the Greek gods. Both religions influenced the people who worshiped them. The deities are well known but, how do the Greek gods differ from the God of the Bible?
Thesis Statement: Mesopotamians and Hebrews are depicted as very different when it comes to religious beliefs, but actually seem to have many similarities in many ways and has led to many of their laws and social stratification correlating. Topic Sentence 1: Since the ancient Hebrews were Monotheistic and the Mesopotamians were Polytheistic, they are naturally assumed to be completely unlike each other; that is simply not the case with these specific civilizations. Topic Sentence 2: The Gods or God in both the Polytheistic and Monotheistic religions have similar traits, but the beliefs of the civilians in both cultures can be viewed as different.
Because of their regular weather patterns, good harvests, and relative isolation, ancient Egyptians believed that their gods were benevolent and understanding. For example, their goddess, Isis was seen as the mother of all pharaohs and she cared for all creatures as a mother would. This, again, was not the case in Mesopotamia. They had poor harvests due to the unpredictable weather and flooding, in addition to countless attacks from foreign societies. All of these factors contributed to how they felt about their gods; they viewed them as angry and were often scared of them.
In all these religions, God is the supreme-being whose power is never questionable (Fisher 247). However, there are different views on the monotheistic God from each of these religions. For example, Zoroastrianism views God as the source of good and not evil at any single instance. On the contrary, Judaists and Christians see God as the source of both evil and good. Moreover, the recognition of God as monotheistic was founded on the revelation key prophets received in each faith.
This is why monotheism is the worship and belief one "true" god. The origin of where monotheism started is not clear. Some say that it started when Moses brought it to the ancient Hebrews. Some say it evolved from polytheism. Others say there is a documented case of monotheism in Egypt during the rule of Akhenaten.
The people of Mesopotamia ( Tigris and Euphrates River Valley), and the Nile River Valley had a very strong belief in polytheism. The belief in a religion called polytheism, or the belief of many gods not just one in particular. The Egyptians worshipped as many as 2,000 gods, but the chief god was known as Ra the sun god,
Ancient people being unaware about the outside world created for themselves the hierarchy of Gods to ask for protection and support. Example: Paganism had a tendency to be polytheistic. People worshipped a variety of gods and goddesses, spirits representing national and local heroes, as well as natural phenomena. Pagans also honored their ancestry and ancestors.