To be able to talk about the Ramayana, one must understand that it is an Indian epic that is full of Hindu traditions. Indians used to live in a caste system where people were born into a caste and remained there for life. There are four major castes, at the top is the Brahmins (priests), followed by Kshatriyas (ruling warriors), next the Vaishyas (skilled tradesmen), and finally the Sudras (common workers). Each of these castes has a dharma (duty) that the people must live by to reach a peaceful afterlife that does not include samsara, the infinite cycle of life and death. Along with the importance of dharma, Indians also believe that the events in one’s life are the works of fate.
The Ramayana is a myth poem written in Sanskrit by Valmiki, it belongs to the Hindu culture. The Indian culture is full of myths, and stories that carry lessons and experience from generation to another. Most of those myths are oral; however, this popular myth (Ramayana) has been written and documented, which is one of the reasons that make it sacred by the Hindu nation, and popular in the world of literature. The Ramayana consists of twenty four thousand verses in seven books, and five hundred cantos. It tells the story of Rama (The seventh avatar of the Hindu supreme god Vishnu) whose wife Sita was kidnapped by the king of Lanka (Current Sri Lanka) and his name was Ravana.
However, social critics like Marx, Sorel, Fanon and others have identified violence as an important catalyst for desirable changes in society. Violence erupts when there is an oppression of the ruled by the ruling, the powerless by the powerful, whatever the context is. Any oppression mounts tension on both sides,
Freud expressed his concept by saying: 'The goal of all life is death '(Freud,1920). In the individual the death drive is found in the superego, which tries to master the ego and the parts of the self that only seek for love and sex. Therefore, the superego causes a lot of suffering to the individual and makes this relationship between love and hate complicated. On the other hand, in a society, the death drive has precise consequences such as: aggressions and dominance. Freud claims that societies also possess a superego, which makes them wish to have the control over the other groups.
Indeed, both books display the awful consequence that may derive from fear. Indeed, both books show how through fright the people can be totally controlled. For instance, in Golding’s work, it is seen that when Jack finally obtains power, he gets abusive and violent. “ 'He 's going to beat Wilfred. ' 'What for? '
Subsequently, it would be judicious to challenge the said issue by government and security agencies to exterminate it (Pervaiz, 2014). So, this paper offers the assumed article’s brief, which is written by Nick Gillepie. In addition, it includes how articles’ talked matters upset the certain area of the criminal justice system. For a second time, it discusses the problems and solutions associated with the article’s theme of vicious
The consequences of the decisions made by the leaders or the king are to be endured by the common public. There is a severing of familial bond as well as the bond between the King and his public in both the texts. Brothers in the Epic and the two communities, Hindus and Muslims, both fight for land, property and power. As a consequence of War, many people had to leave their homelands without a single penny and with no assurance of a secure future. The pain of exile from one’s own land is beautifully captured in Intizar Hussain’s “A Chronicle of the Peacock” where “‘Once upon a time, he (peacock) used to sit on the wall of paradise, and now he sits on the wall of our terrace.’ His grandmother said, ‘Yes, son, that is what happens when we are exiled from our own courtyards.’” (Hussain, 202) In one of his interviews, Intizar Hussain talks about the pain of partition.
Wessler wrote his article about language and how it can create fear in individuals which can lead to, in serious cases, fearing for one’s life. Wessler noted that “The escalation of degrading language and slurs to more focused harassment and threats and then to violence was the pattern in virtually every case of serious hate violence in middle schools, high schools, and colleges”(Wessler 28). An example of this can be found in Catch 22 when Yossarian uses the degrading words, bitch and bastard, to insult Orr as stated above. Throughout the novel, when Yossarian uses vulgar language of that kind against someone else, he usually wants to start a fight with them, especially if that person is Orr due to the dislike between them. Another similar case was also noted in Sticks and Stones.
Ramayana, one of the most popular Indian epics has always had a string of myths related to its existence and its plot. The original Sanskrit Version ‘Valmiki Ramayana’ is claimed to have been composed by the renowned sage Valmiki between the 4th and the 5th century BCE (before current era). This Hindu text speaks volumes about the roles and duties that must be performed by an individual towards others in the society and lays down a set of ideal characteristics that every individual must posses. The main plot of ‘The Ramayana’ is to portray the victory of good over evil. Ram, the exiled king of Ayodhya is the protagonist of this story and is claimed to be the seventh avatara or incarnation of Lord Vishnu.
He is considered as an ideal devotee of Rama and is known to pierce his chest in order to show his devotion to Rama. He along with his allies, including Angada, Jambvana, Nala and Neela, with the aid of Sampati, elder brother of Jatayu, was successful in locating Sita by crossing the vast ocean and finding her in captive at Asoka Vana. He, after being held and humiliated by Ravana, burnt the whole city of Lanka with his tail. He played a vital role during the war between Rama and Ravana and also played a major role in the recovery of Lakshmana from his state of unconsciousness by bringing Sanjeevani herbs from Himalaya. He is known to exist even today and some evidences have proved his existence in our modern