This attack was a turning point for the United States because this was one factor that brought them into World War II to fight against the Axis Powers. In conclusion, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor because of their nationalist mentality, America’s embargo of oil to Japan and fearing that the United States will attack them first. The first reason why Japan had attacked Pearl Harbor was because the Japanese had nationalistic and narcissistic political mentality. The Japanese believed the Yamato race was a superior race to the other Asian race(Document A). They also believed they will become the “new order” once Europe and America crumble and become the “old orders”(Document A).
Just think how would it be if Pearl Harbor hadn’t happened. To this day would we be under rule of Germany and Japan, How would it have been? Altogether this gave America the idea that we would be through many battles, wars, and hardships. It changed the idea America had that they were unstoppable. It was like a reality check for us all.
During the war food rationing was one of the most important tasks that the government faced. The main source of food for Britain was coming through imports from outside of the United Kingdom (especially by the United States). In order to eliminate this strong suit, Hitler and the Nazi Germany used torpedoes to attack the shipment of food that was being sent to Britain via ships. Due to the fact that Britain is an island, the only way for them to be able to obtain food and resources to thrive is by sea. This was strong tactic by Hitler to try to weaken the British people, and try to turn them against the government.
Japanese Internment Among all of the other countries, one had the courage to bomb the United States of America. Japan had attacked Pearl Harbor because of the threat the Navy had on the U.S. After that, America feared another attack or even worse, an invasion from Japan in the West Coast. In order to prepare for an invasion America decided to relocate all of the Japanese-Americans, mainly in the West Coast because they were the most threat. Many people debated whether relocating was the right thing to do. The internment of Japanese-Americans was justified because of the security in the Pacific Coast, fear of another attack, and because it was a military necessity.
Thesis statement: Though many speculate that the act of dropping the atomic bomb on Japan (Hiroshima and Nagasaki) while not doing so on Europe (Germany and Italy) was racially motivated, racism played little to no role in these bombings. The United States of America and her allies were willing to end World War II at any cost, had the atomic bombs been available they would have been deployed in Europe. In the 1940’s there is no doubt that the United States of America was engulfed by mass anti-Japanese hysteria which inevitably bled over into America’s foreign policy. During this period Japanese people living in both Japan and the United States of America were seen as less that human. Japanese-Americans living on the west coast were savagely and unjustifiably uprooted from their daily lives.
Yet, despite the citizens’ attitude, the congress voted to induct American soldiers, as well as strengthen the military. The military action was initiated by Japan, which after dominating Asian territories, threatened to snatch organic materials used by Western industries . The United States (Japan’s main oil supplier) responded to the action of Japan by refusing to sell them oil. The heated conflict resulted later, in an attack on Pearl Harbor. As the United States was involved in the war, both people as well as the military industry became essential to the American economy.
Truman’s Decision President Truman was justified in his decision to drop the atomic bombs in Japan. Truman faced many pros and cons of his decision, however, the pros outweighed the cons. There were very few alternatives to the extreme, the casualties in the Pacific were growing and the rate the war it would save lives. Although, there were many lives lost Truman made the right decision for his country. Firstly, Truman had to look into the different options of attack.
The United States was strategic on every level. They constructed Boeing B-29 “Superfortress” bombers, to transport and release their colossal mechanisms (Document F). America had no second chance. If the plan were to fail, Japan would revolt with more power than America could imagine; and, by using these air force “super-bombers”, America was one step closer to ending the crusade against Japan. When the first bomb dropped on Hiroshima, The Enola Gay (a Boeing bomber) observed the smoke, as it engulfed the city within seconds, consuming Japanese supplies, building, and unfortunately people (Document G).
Events Leading up to the Battle of Henderson Field In the beginning, it is important to note that the Battle of Guadalcanal as well as the Battle of Henderson Field is predicated by the Japanese infamous attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on 7 December 1941. The Japanese orchestrated a surprise attack on the United States Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor on that day. This attack destroyed most of the US battleship fleet in an attempt to cripple the United States Navy. The Japanese saw this course of action as a way to extend their defensive perimeter in the Pacific. The Japanese took over several islands in the Pacific to include Guam, Wake Island, New Britain, Gilbert Islands, Malaya, and Singapore to name a few.
Partially due to a lack of trust amongst various intelligence agencies, information was not shared, and as a result the Americans were caught off guard by an attack that they knew was going to happen. The lack of unity and communication amongst groups caused the failure at Pearl Harbor, and it almost cost them victory at the Battle of Midway, often seen as the turning point in the Pacific War. It can be assumed that the collaboration of intelligence agencies is responsible for the United States’ overall success in the Pacific. In order to prove that collaboration of intelligence is responsible of Allied naval success, this paper will examine the lack of collaboration that led to the failure at Pearl Harbor, the solutions which allowed for success at the Battle of Midway, and how the Allied forces continued to improve team work after the
The United States began to push the Japanese back in a serious of major land and sea battles. The Japanese had plans of evading neighboring nation, and wanted to prevent the United States from interfering. They saw the U.S. navy as a threat since they had most of their fleet stationed at Hawaii. On December 7, 1941 the Japanese fleet launched a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor in aim to strike a devastating blow to the U.S. fleet. The Japanese where successful in crippling the U.S. navy, but did not damage or sink their aircraft carriers.
Roosevelt. It was December 7, 1941 when the United States was deliberately attacked by air and naval forces of Japan. The Japanese targeted Pearl Harbor which is located on the island of Oahu, Hawaii. The Japanese naval forces caught America completely off guard. The Americans believed that the harbor was too shallow for an attack by torpedoes dropped from airplanes because the required depth for it to be possible is about 75 feet and Pearl Harbor is approximately 45 feet deep.
The attacks on the railways and waterways, as mentioned above, not only affected the German economy but also the German army. The equipment that had been produced was difficult to move from the factory to the front line and there was also limited space on the trains to move the men themselves. Whilst not entirely as a result of Allied Strategic Bombing, 80% of the German army was horse-drawn. This lack of transportation hindered the army from reaching its full capabilities thereby limiting their performance in the war and as such it seems that allied strategic bombing of the transport infrastructure was highly successful in achieving its objective of impacting and hindering other areas of the German war effort. The bombing also delayed the use of Hitler’s Vergeltungswaffe rockets.
Japan wanted complete control over the Pacific region and the US was considered the imminent threat. The Japanese planned to isolate the Pacific region; and aimed to destroy the battleships, block the ports and have complete domination of the region. The mission commissioned by the Japanese was partially successful but failed to achieve its major objective. The Japanese wanted to block the Pearl Harbor, primarily to prevent access for the ships and increase the turnaround time for the US Navy to be operational again. Luckily for the Americans, a total disaster was averted as the crew of the USS Nevada moved their battleship out of the harbor into the sea, preventing many additional lives from being lost, as well as providing the crucial time for the US Navy to regroup and
The U.S. viewed bombings as a necessity because Truman gave the Japanese a chance to surrender when he issued the Potsdam Declaration. In his message, Truman warned the Japanese that if they would not unconditionally surrender that they would be struck with “prompt and utter destruction.” Similarly, by bombing the Japanese it would spare up to 1 million American lives along with 250,000 British casualties because U.S and allied soldiers didn’t have to attempt to invade the heavily guarded Japanese territories. Another reason the United States needed to bomb Japan was dominance. The secretary of state thought it would put the U.S. in a dominant position in the postwar and have power over the Germans. The last reason that America needed to bomb