Organic Farming In China

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Organic foods are the new craze amongst today 's generation of environmentally conscious. Around the world the safety of food is more and more questionable. This led to the world 's population gradually turning to organic farming and products to fuel themselves. Currently, in the United States, much of the intellectual and health conscious populace invest their time and money into finding reliable organic food options. Organic markets are establishing themselves within numerous U.S. cities, and in which makes it easier for consumers to buy such foods. However, the case for China is different. Although China 's organic production scene is on the rise, it is still a slow process that much of its large population know nothing of. With the shocking…show more content…
Before explaining organic farming, it is best to understand what is “organic”. The term “organic” means “not using artificial chemicals in the production of plants and animals for food” . This definition is simplistic and accurate. Organic products are emphasize their naturalness and chemical free aspects. So in turn, “organic farming is a farming system that avoids the use of artificial fertilizers, pesticides or herbicides and uses organic manure抯 and organic methods of crop rotation” . As explained, organic farming relies on natural matter and techniques to create crops. In written form, organic farming is easy to understand, but the actual implementation of it is not so easy. This type of cultivation benefits the land but it takes time to see the results of its work on the environment because non-organic farming has damaged it severely. The use of pesticides on the land effects the ability of top soil reproduction of soil organic carbon (SOC). It was found that “ 'SOC stocks ' and 'C sequestration rates ' indicated the presence of significantly more carbon in organically managed top soils” . Carbon is the basic building blocks of all life. Therefore, the more carbon present in the soil the better the soil is for producing crops to eat. Also, Also, pesticides, especially herbicides in the case of plants, are toxic. This can taint the effectiveness of carbon in the soil. Figure 1 depicts “carbon balance within the soil (brown box) is controlled by carbon inputs from photosynthesis and carbon losses by respiration. Decomposition of roots and root products by soil fauna and microbes produces humus, a long-lived store of SOC.” By examining this diagram understanding the process of carbon in soil becomes clear. Once, photosynthesis happens carbon is formed in the soil and other actions can begin to strengthen the soil for
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