Amazingly, only 6-7% of the total land surface on Earth is covered by rainforest. On average, there are between 20 to 80 different species of trees per acre. There is also a wide variety of animal life found in the rainforest. Many of the animals have special adaptations that allow them to live in the tropical conditions, but they would not survive outside of this ecosystem. Animal Adaptation The animals have to compete for food so many animals must adapt by learning to eat a particular food eaten by few animals or no other animal.
The three groups are ecological services, social benefits and biological resources. Tropical forests most importantly provide us with some critical life sustaining ecological services. Services like oxygen production, water purification, climate moderation, conversion of solar energy from the sun into carbohydrates and proteins, soil formation and greenhouse gas removal (Biodiversity BC, 2007). Though these services can be provided by green plants in general, through its large presence all around the world, tropical forests play a key part in contributing and maintaining these ecological
What is a rainforest? It is a dense, wet forest where the rainfall is 98 to 177 inches per year. There are two types of rainforests; Tropical, which has no dry season it is a wet tropical rainforest which has an average rainfall less than 66 inches. The second type is the Temperate rainforest, this type primarily occurs in an oceanic moist climate. When you have a chance to go to a rainforest you will be amazed at its natural beauty filled with beautiful colors, of plants, and extoic animals found there isn’t any place like it on the planet and, trees as tall as large buildings.
The orangutan’s diet is comprised of mostly fruits, and the rest is mostly vegetation and small insects. There are about 920,000 apes today. This big creature can get up to 90 kg for males, and around 35 kg for females. Gorillas Gorillas are mostly herbivores. They spend around half the day, the gorillas eat vegetation, but sometimes the will eat termite larvae.
The Joshua tree’s life cycle begins with the rare germination of a seed, its survival dependent upon well-timed rains. Look for sprouts growing up from within the protective branches of a shrub. Young sprouts may grow quickly in the first five years, then slow down considerably thereafter. The tallest Joshua tree in the park looms a whopping forty feet high, a grand presence in the Queen Valley forest. Judging the age of a Joshua tree is challenging: these “trees” do not have growth rings like you would find in an oak or pine.
One tribe is the Truma tribe and are one of the strongest and oldest tribes around. The village leader or chief Takua Maokera knows many tricks from getting food and water to defending themselves from animals and rival tribes. “Takua Maokera knows many ways or different ways how to do something in the forest, some of these are very clever and have proven to work in many situations.” (According to Doctor Andrews) who works with almost all the natives in illness and sickness, (Native tribes in Costa Rica fun facts.com). The natives affect their environment by being predators in the habitat and keeping the animal population at a steady rate.
Tambopata is one of the most biodiverse rainforest of the amazon basin, small part of the “lungs of the world”. Rainforest play a huge important role in our world. Trees, plants absorb carbon dioxide (CO2) that we exhale, and provide the oxygen (O2) we need to breathe. Although, deforestation in rainforest has been contributing to the increase in greenhouse gas emissions, as a consequence atmospheric temperature may increase and threaten the viability of certain ecosystems. To understand this situation, we must comprehend that the majority of type of Plants conjuncted are the primary source for all of the biotic energy requirements of an ecosystem.
The golden eagle is long-lived, with a life span in the wild up to 38 years and up to 50 years in captivity. Measuring 75 to 90 centimeters (2.5 to 3 feet) in length, the golden eagle has a wingspan from 1.9 to 2.3 meters (6.2 to 7.4 feet) and weighs 7-14 pounds (3.2-6.4 kg). Females weight from 3.6 to 6.6 kilograms (7.9 to 14.5 pounds), males weight from 2.8 to 4.5 kilograms (6.2 to 9.9 pounds). They are extremely swift, and can reach maximum air speed of 320 kilometers (200 miles) per hour.
The natural resources of the BNB are important for the socio-economic development of the area because the basin population depends on it for subsistence and livelihoods. The basin has areas (Ethiopian Highlands) with high occurence of endemic species of birds and large mammals. This area is part of the globally significant Eastern Afromontane biodiversity hotspot. BNB has forests eg Lembwa and El-Gazair forest reserves in Senna state, Sudan. Forests act as ground water recharge areas, source of rivers and streams, source of wood fuel, carbon sinks, home to wildlife and birds etc.
Sustainable forest management requires three major criteria which are the maintenance of ecological processes within the forest (soil formation, energy flow, biogeochemical cycles (carbon, nutrient and hydrological cycles), maintenance of biodiversity of forest, improving the net social benefits derived from the mixture of forest uses within the constraints by considering the future. Forest provides habitats for more than half of the fauna and flora on the Earth (SCBD, 2001). Forest biome plays an important role in mitigating climate change by serving as carbon sinks (Hassan et al., 2005). Forest land is the most fundamental natural resources which become reduced mainly due to anthropogenic pressures. For proper management of land, it is essential to have information about existing land cover and about the naturalness of the land.
The Gibbon has very long arms so it can climb trees effortlessly and run up to 35 miles an hour. The way the Gibbon swings is called “Brachiation” which saves energy. It also has a small fur coat all around its body except its face. Its fur comes in a few different colors like white, black, and brown. Habitat
Some seals have a tendency to be more aggressive towards people, specifically the leopard seals. Leopard seals have a tendency to be a frightening sight with their 10 foot long body frame and there massive weight of 750- 800 lbs, but compared to the elephant seal they are a light weight. Male elephant seals come to weigh about 4 tons while the females weigh about 1 ton. The elephant seal also out does them in length with the males being as long as 20 feet and the females being as long as 10 feet. There massive size and trunk-like noses set them apart from any other seal species.
Some biotic things in the Amazon are tall trees, shrubs, other animals, and other plants. Some abiotic things in this rainforest are water and sunlight. The trees are important because they live on the trees and other animals are important because they are essential in the reproductive processes with the rainforest plants. The sunlight and water is important in the Amazon because if the rainforest didn’t have the right amount of both sunlight and water, then the plants wouldn’t be able to grow and would die. Chimpanzees faces are pinkish to black.
In general, the okapi are found among the tropical rainforests of the North-Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Okapis thrive in altitudes between 500 and 1,000 meters. (800 meters above sea level) As okapis are shy and elusive, they rely heavily on the foliage of the forest to hide from predators. Okapis live in areas with a slow-moving water source for their own hydration, but sometimes this is limited because of natural rainforest boundaries.
Spider monkeys live in the upper layers of the rainforest, and forage in the high canopy, from 25 to 30 m (82 to 98 ft). They primarily eat fruits, but will also occasionally consume leaves, flowers, and insects. Due to their large size, spider monkeys require large tracts of moist evergreen forests, and prefer undisturbed primary rainforest. [Lang, 2007] They are social animals and live in bands of up to 35 individuals but will split up to forage during the day.