The narrator had never meet a blind person before and believed in the stereotypes. The narrator said “A blind man in my house was not something I looked forward to” (Carver 331), in the last sentence of the first paragraph. For the narrator, there should be no problem letting a blind man into the house. Throughout this short story the husband continues to make short remarks to the old blind man, as well as keeping a routine for making comments to the blind man. For the reader it is really easy not to pay attention to the story and instantly get annoyed.
Cathedral In the short story "Cathedral" by Raymond Carver, the main character which is the husband finds to let go of your own ideas of something to see the good in what you don’t like. In this short story it shows how a blind man sees things in a different light and is positive about it compared to the husband who had everything that the blind man doesn’t have. The author shows us that it’s important to view things in a different light and go out of our comfort zone to be able to see it differently. He also shows us that we can’t make judgements based on what our minds are thinking. He shows us this by having the husband do everything a normal person would do.
Through the use of diction, Meursault perceives life is meaningless, which leads him to have the absence of strong bonding with acquaintance around him. He indicates that he lacks empathy from personal and social level. Meursault is a simple man who lives his life in a stickler type and changes annoy him. As the novel introduces Meursault mother being dead, he shows lack of concern and a burden to visit his mother for the last time. “Maman died today...I don’t know … everything will have a more official feel” (Camus 3).
This theme is exposed through Carver’s description of the actions of the narrator whose lack of knowledge by stereotyping a blind man. However, the story takes an unpredicted and meaningful turn at the end when the narrator see things from a blind man’s standpoint. Since the beginning of the story, the narrator does not like the idea of having in his house a blind man. He does not know how to socialize with blind people because his idea of blindness came from the movies. He thinks blind people move slowly and they never laugh.
The narrator disliked the idea of the blind man Robert coming over to his house. At the beginning of the story, he is being sarcastic about Robert because he is blind. As the story progresses the narrator begins to enjoy Robert’s company. Finally, at the end of the story he learns something from the experience with Robert. Through the narrator’s character, Raymond Carver is suggesting that an individual should always keep an open mind because one can learn something from an experience even when unexpected.
The notion of Caulfield’s desire to live as a “poor deaf-mute bastard”(Salinger 1994:179) where “they’d leave me alone”(Salinger 1994: 179) is a prime example of Caulfield’s wish to become detached and alienated from those around him. Through alienation and detachment from those around him, he avoids confrontation and interaction with people which he believes will be the saviour of his own self falling victim to phoniness. However, as Caulfield acts quickly to criticize and label others as, “that was the phoniest bastard I ever met in my life” (Salinger 1994:12), he does not realise that he is actually guilty of the phoniness that he so easily labels others with. Holden Caulfield exhibits a clear dislike for the idea of change, where he shows visible signs of fear towards this idea, “Certain things they should stay the way they are” (Salinger 1994:110). Caulfield finds safety and security in The Museum of Natural History, “I loved that damn museum” (Salinger 1994:108) as it an example of the ideal stagnant and predictable world that Caulfield longs for, “The best thing, though, in that museum was that everything always stayed right where it was” (Salinger 1994: 109).
However, in Neighbors, dramatic irony is prevalent. Dramatic irony is when the audience knows something that the characters do not. Dramatic and situational irony appear throughout a few of Carver’s numerous remarkable short stories. Cathedral by Raymond Carver is the story about a blind man, Robert, who visits a husband and wife in their home. One would expect the husband to be able to see more than the blind man, but ironically this is not the case.
His dramatic creations are haunted by an absence of meaning at the centre. In spite of this meaning-lessness, Beckett’s characters desperately strive to find a meaning for themselves. They are born into an irrational world. They life is wasted waiting for an explanation that never comes, and even the existence of such an explanation might be merely a product of their imagination , founded in their despair. Beckett’s drama is based on his perception of human condition, that is, being born and mostly living in pain, suffering ordeals, a short rough and unpleasant existence.
Therefore, Hawke begins talking at this point because he comes back to reality and realizes that the unknowns to death are scary. In addition, the audience gets the feeling of how depressed Hamlet is by the body language and clothing that Hawke is wearing. For example, he is basically expressionless throughout the scene showing that he feels as though he has no purpose in life. Secondly, he leaves his hat on even when he is inside a store which shows that he feels secluded and has no motivation to look nice or take care of himself. However, the setting of the scene plays a major part in presenting the way that Hamlet feels.
The need for a purpose is the result of Grendel’s search for truth and the loneliness he feels because he is unable to communicate with anybody, even though he can understand and speak the human’s language. Grendel observes with attention human beings but while on one side he is attracted by these intelligent, organized creatures, on the other side he thinks their actions are pure madness, a vain attempt to create an organized society in the chaos and absurdity of the universe. Things changes when Grendel hear the Shaper for the first time, a man that thanks to the power of art and poetry is able to shape reality, “the man that had torn up the past by its thick, gnarled roots and had transmuted it, and they [the Danes] who knew the truth, remembered it his way – and so did I” (Gardner, 43). The shock arrives the Shaper place Grendel in its tales on the evil side, as the god-cursed monster descendent from the Cain’s clan. Confused, Grendel goes to the dragon to find out if that is how things really are but the dragon, besides avoiding a strait forward answer, essentially confirms Grendel’s purpose received by the Shaper in two ways: Grendel is violent by nature and the dragon gives him invulnerability from weapons to encourage him to try his purpose: spread terror among the Danes.