The Humanist movement in Italy represents a revival of classical themes through texts and art in order to learn about human life. This guided artists and scholars through their lives. Renaissance artists took inspiration for their artistic themes and portrayal of the human body from classical antiquity. This was evident especially with two artists, Raphael and Michelangelo, who worked under the Papacy, while flourishing during the High Renaissance by drawing influences from other artists. Raphael and Michelangelo’s artworks reveal Renaissance themes of intellectual importance, and the humanity of the individual with their style of artwork and method for creation by drawing on humanism’s focus on antiquity.
“The Renaissance of the fifteenth century was, in many things, great rather by what it designed then by what it achieved.” - Walter Pater. Benozzo Gozzoli was an early Italian painter during the Renaissance. He designed and painted many of the Renaissance’s greatest masterpieces, such as the Procession of the Magi, The Conversion of Saint Paul, and Virgin and Child with Angels. Gozzoli’s artwork was influenced by many things and people around him, that helped shape him to be one of the greatest painters during the Renaissance.
The most powerful city-states were Florence, the Papal States (centred in Rome), Venice and Milan. Florence is considered the birth place of this movement due to the leadership of the Medici family, who played an important role in the political development of the city-state and were generous patrons of the arts by providing artists with the funds, residences, and other necessities to focus on using their talents to create artworks. One of the main reasons the this movement began in Italy is linked to geography since the major city-states were a hub of trade and commerce. Secondly, after the collapse of the Byzantine Empire, Italy became an area of refuge for intellectuals of Constantinople who brought with them great works of ancient Greece and Rome. Thirdly, there was a concentration of wealth, power and intellect in the Church which controlled these factors so much that it gathered most of the intelligent minds, wealthiest bodies and powerful leaders into one place at one time or another.
Between the 14th and 16th century, Italy went through what they termed as Renaissance which was characterized by several changes in the country. As described in Italy, Renaissance means rebirth or rebuilding of a given societal role. The transition of the country came from the medieval to the early European period where different normal operations of the society were greatly altered. Before the rebirth process began, the Italians had the desire to rebuild some of their greatest being thus the creation of the Renaissance process. As a result of the process, Italy had several achievements regarding science, literature, philosophy, music and arts.
It is initiate the innovate art style and help the next generation that how to continued to shaped western art culture, such as Rome period and Renaissance period. Every sculpture is a story about gods, heroes, religions and culture in general, Rome even actually copies some of the art works just for showing his respect and love. Some of the sculptures we can see right now for the ancient greek, it is actually the copies during the Roman period. The timeless idealized art work
RENAISSANCE The renaissance, also known as rebirth of humanity from the dark ages is an era of cultural revival. From 14th to the middle of the 17th century, it was historically recorded as a period that broke free from the mediocre ways of living developed during the medieval times. It resuscitated the principles of living from the Ancient Greek and Romans who focussed on the quest for knowledge and aesthetic endeavours . MYTHOLOGY AND RELIGION The changes in the ideology and religious emphasis of the renaissance was directly influenced by those in the previous medieval era.
Furthermore, this period involved the implementation of new concepts in the areas of philosophy as well as finances and trade. These revolutionary concepts included the formation of banking institutions to provide financial security (Goldthwaite, The Economy 206), and to provide a means of currency exchange (Goldthwaite, Local Banking 6). The usage of banking during the Renaissance had significant benefits for the Italian city state of Florence and positively impacted Europe’s merchants, as well as northern Italy’s wealthy noble classes. In Florence, banks were able to favorably affect the city state as a whole.
Consequently, there was renewed interest in Geography, for example, with the revival of Ptolemy’s – a Greco-Egyptian scholar – Geography, a compilation of geographical knowledge to which manifold navigators referred to. The exchange of goods between Europe and its newly acquired territories, as well as the benefits of having colonies, is what led Europe to be wealthy and powerful from the 16th century onwards. Though both exploration and colonization were consequential during the 16th century, in this essay we will argue that “age of exploration” is more relevant when one is characterizing the 16th century, as it prompted colonialism and is of more significance in this time period. With the Renaissance came an increased avidity for science and trade. New technologies and theories in geography led to interest in navigation.
Humanism was outgrowth of increased interest in the philosophy, literature and art of Ancient Greece and Rome and it was totally contrast to direction of the Church during the Medieval ages (Renaissance Humanism). The influx of new knowledge and goods from trade caused people to start to have an interest in learning and eventually, to question the very meaning of life. It was spread throughout the Renaissance period and it affected every field. The themes of the
Humanism was a study of the classics and focused on each individual themselves. Greco-Roman styles, individuality, and both science and mathematics heavily influenced many works of art in the Italian Renaissance. The Vitruvian Man done by Leo Da Vinci perfectly portrays humanism within art. The drawing is of a lone man and it focuses on his natural form; the individual himself. Science and anatomy were used to create the body.