Despite their disagreements, ultimately, Martin and Malcolm both aimed for freedom and equal rights in America but their beliefs, methods, and deliveries were different. “Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that.” As a preacher of nonviolence and leader of peace, Martin Luther King Jr wanted blacks to unite against racism through a completely civil manner. After growing up in a middle class family and following the christian faith, Martin became a minister and
By appealing to the emotions of the reader, Frederick Douglass can build his argument of how awful slavery was and how the slave owners used Christianity to justify what they did. In the book, Narrative of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, the author uses his language to bring meaning to what he is writing. He creates an emotional connection to the reader using pathos, and builds his argument using the credibility of others, using ethos. In his book he uses his words to prove his argument to the reader of how the slave owners would use Christianity to justify slavery and violence, and how slavery affected everyone who was
In the narrative “Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave”, Frederick Douglass shows the religious irony in southern slaveholding culture. Douglass gives the reader personal accounts of how brutally some slaves were treated on the plantations. Douglass also contrast the differences between southern and northern slaveholding culture. In the appendix, Douglass argues that there a major differences between Christianity shown to us in the South and Christianity shown to us in the Bible. Douglass gives us personal insight to the life of a slave and their treatment.
Justifications of Slavery in the Bible Slavery was probably one of the most significant and inhumane treatment in the history of the United States. Slave owners and authorities of that time, thought that the Bible, as a book of Christianity, is convincing and a proposal for executive of slavery. Therefore, they used it as a way to persuade those who disagreed with holding humans in captivity and abusing them as they are their own possessions. So, religion was the most proper way to serve a purpose of unburdens consciences of “white master” and super class that surrounded him in the religious community of that time. In the Bible there is a story that tells the origin of the African.
During the Civil War, Lincoln passed the Emancipation Proclamation, declaring all the slaves to be free. Some of the pressures Lincoln was under when he passed the Emancipation Proclamation were the Confederacy and the Union. The Confederacy was for slavery and the Union was against slavery. According to many documents and research, I believe that Lincoln wrote the Emancipation Proclamation for moral reasons. Lincoln was a very religious man, and that influenced his morals.One reason freeing the slaves had a moral impact on Lincoln was his religion.When Lincoln was running for president he spoke about what he plans on doing.
Through his writing he aims to empower Africans as he feels that they have lost their identity. Achebe chose a character like Okonkwo as he felt that such a character would portray Nigerians as they really were. Throughout the book Okonkwo was characterized deeply which is a reflection of the authors purpose for writing the book. In the book the use of characters like Mr Brown and Mr Smith also reflect Achebe’s context. Since Achebe is a Christian whose parents were missionaries he spoke about the good side and bad side of the western colonization through the use of characters like Mr. Smith and Mr. Brown.
Christianity was used as a means to justify slavery in that it would encourage ideas of equality and brotherhood. The abolition movement in Britain, spurred the spread of Christianity to the slaves. The role of the Anglian Church as well as the church of the planter class was ineffective. The most influential was the Baptist followed by the Moravians and Methodist.23 However, at the start of colonial slavery, converting the slaves to Christianity was not considered a good idea. There were differences in the opinions of the Plantocracy as to whether or not the slave population should be Christianized.2 While some Planters felt that this would reinforce obedience, others feared the possibilities of a Christian slave as they thought that if their slaves were Christianized they would demand their rights as human
Martin Luther king continues to use pathos in his speech with the symbolism like joining of hands as if everyone is family and uniting. Whereas Malcolm X uses religion and symbolism to get his view across to segregate the races. As X tells his audience that white people are of a devil race and not of his god and uses biblical references to Noah's Ark. With delivering his speech with intent of segregation by pointing out how sinners didn’t listen to Noah, metaphorically saying that white people are the sinners. He speaks to his audience with logos as he will quote using his mentor’s name Elijah Muhammad.
This dehumanization of slaves was what helped otherwise Christian people treat slaves as nothing but pieces of property bought and paid for. Stowe illustrates this in dialogue between Senator Bird and Mary by saying it was considered Christian to not feed hungry and homeless slaves (91-92). She also shows the devaluation of slaves as people by describing the heartbreak of breaking up families by selling them separate from each other. When Harry was sold he would have been separated from his mother. The slave holder Haley rationalizing these separations by keeping them secret while they were happening so as not to cause a scene.
He includes scenes which inspire discussion by exposing the true inhumane practices of the institution. The film version of 12 Years a Slave showcases the sounds and sights of American slavery: the grief faced with the loss of freedom and identity, comradery in singing, labor intensive cotton picking, and the shudder-inducing sound of a whip along slaves' backs. McQueen accurately represents the ideology behind slavery which was reinforced by slave-owners' skewed interpretations of Christianity; the bible 'sanctioned' slavery, and it was a slave-owner's 'Christian duty' to preach the scriptures to the less fortunate - a precursor to Rudyard Kipling's idea of the 'White Man's Burden'. Although McQueen's cinematic replication of Northup's narrative 12 Years a Slave depicts the harshness of slavery, it forgets to include the gratitude which Northup expresses throughout his narrative. It also shies away from important plot points which emphasize the struggle and paranoia Northup dealt with as his life passed him by and freedom seemed to slip from his
Document 2, written by Ahmed Baba, a Muslim cleric of Mali, says, “…he should be set free directly…” referring specifically to Muslim slaves, but still expressing concern with slavery imposed on some people. Baba, while considering slavery imposed on non-Muslim African to be acceptable, still shows reservation on the institution as a whole because Muslims can be slaves. Document 3, written by an African slave and addressed to the Bishop of London, is a plea to the Bishop to grant more rights to the slaves to worship God more effectively and to let the slaves’ children be educated and taught to read the Bible. Overall, this document documents the harsh reality of slavery and shows an attempt at getting a Bishop across the Atlantic Ocean to realize this reality. This document’s validity could be tainted because of the audience, which is the Bishop of London, who has a high chance of responding to a letter appealing to God and His worship.
During the Age of Reform in New Jersey, the African Methodist Episcopal Church as well as black and white citizens established an unofficial Underground Railroad to facilitate fugitives with escape routes and safe houses (Thesis). During the time period before the Civil War, tensions were rising between abolitionists and slave owners. The free African-American community, whether it’s Quakers, or members of the AME Church, wanted to end slavery and help slaves escape from their cruel and abusive masters. Some members of the white community were also against slavery, including Quakers and other Christian religious groups. Doctor John Grimes and the Grimes family were Quakers and active members of the anti-slavery movement.
Slave owners forbid African Americans from using their traditional ancestral instruments and music, and this produced the new African American style of music, gospel. Before gospel became the black mainstream music of the 20th century, black churches were the only safe place for African Americans to praise God as a congregation without the fear of white intrusion. Slaves shared stories of their horrible living conditions through gospel songs. They believed that by enduring the struggles of everyday life, they will be rewarded with life after death in heaven with God. Slavery’s deleterious effect on African Americans fueled the creation of gospel music, which became an effective and resourceful medium for slaves to spread God’s good news throughout
First they will come for the Confederate flag, then they will come for confederate monuments, then they will come after the Church 's tax exempt status, then they will come for the few Pastors who preach the Gospel. They will charge them with hate crimes if they speak God 's truth. Then they will come for you. Next they will try and ban the old hymn "Amazing Grace." The song was written by former slave ship Captain John Newton.