Another major event was when the Declaration of Independence was established. The Second Continental Congress declared that the 13 colonies were marked independent from Britain. However, the American Revolution continued because the British did not want to have the American colonies taken away from them. On September 19, 1777 and October 7, 1777, the Battles of Saratoga were fought and it marked a turning point for the Revolutionary War. After both of these battles occurred, John Burgoyne, who was the British commander, surrendered to the American troops.
On June 2nd, the resistance government of Massachusetts required the assistance of Congress and they pleaded Congress to take control of its militia. Within two weeks congress raised money to secure provisions for the Massachusetts militia and committed troops from outside New England. Adams nominated George Washington as General to command the newly formed Continental Army. John Adams wrote in his diary that the spirit of resistance and the sense of union on the onset of war strengthened the fragile union of the colonies. He soon emerged as the leader of the faction that demanded full independence.
In August, Lee was appointed to the Continental Congress, and with his great oratorical skill he and others began to move American thinking from subservience to independence. “In 1776, Lee offered the Resolution for Independence to the Committee of the Whole at the Second Continental Congress. The resolution declared "that these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States, that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved." By July, the Congress had voted for independence.” ("Richard Henry
In Philadelphia, a heavily disputed convention took place between May and September of 1787, often referred to as the Constitutional Convention. The Constitutional Convention addressed the conflicts of the fragile U.S government that emerged from the Articles of Confederation. The U.S Constitution that originated from convention established various major compromises that are currently in use today. The Great Compromise and Three-Fifth Compromise validate that the creation of the Constitution was a “bundle of compromises”,these being two of the major compromises. The Great Compromise also known as Connecticut Compromise, proposed by Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellworth, permitted both large and small states to agree to the Constitution without immensely decreasing their power in Congress.
Although, there was one thing standing in the way, the Anti-Federalists. The Anti-Federalists were people who did not support the Constitution and were against ratifying it. The first states to ratify the Constitution was Delaware, than Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, and Connecticut followed. Massachusetts opposed the idea of the Constitution, but feared if they didn’t ratify they wouldn’t be in the union. Shortly after Maryland, South Carolina and New Hampshire followed.
So how was a major figure in the American Revolution? Well, in the events that led to the Revolution he took a major stance, most famously in his criticism of George III after the Stamp Act got approved. He opposed the prices forced by the Townshend Acts and the British attempt to collect them by using the Royal Navy
If the Anti-Federalists had not taken a stand, several important elements may have been left out of the Constitution such as the checks and balances that kept each of the divisions of government from obtaining too much control of the government. In addition, limiting terms of certain political offices kept a rotation of not only ideas, but a variety of leaders and representatives for the various states. Finally, without the intervention of the Anti-Federalists, the “Bill of Rights” may not have been added to the governing policies and the protection of individual rights may not have been put into place. The combination of Federalists and Anti-Federalists allowed the creation of a strong national government with a “personal” representation of the individuals it was created
This all happened between 1775-1781. The new country had to create a new government. The Americans made the Article of Confederation, which established a national government known as the Congress of Confederation. They met from 1781 to 1789. The Congress of Confederation helped the U.S. through the revolutionary war, but during the time of peace, the Continental Congress became less and less
To the population, war is when you are told what to fight for, and a revolution is when you decide for yourself. On April 19, 1775 was the day that America had decided for itself that we needed to be independent, the start of the American Revolution. The American revolution was over in about eight years. After the war Americans had decided to turn its focus inward and decide on what government they wanted and what America as a country would become. That is how the articles of confederation came to be on March 1, 1781 and of course like everything it had it’s pros, cons and results.
The Articles of Confederation were written during a time when the American people feared a strong national government. Since the United States was relatively a new nation, it needed some form of organization to hold the states together and keep its government and society stable to build a stronger economy (Knoedl, 2003). The first and foremost inherited weakness of the Articles came from the fact that it replaced sovereign power in the hands of the states. This started after the American Revolution, when the American people feared that the colonists would form a new government that could function similarly to King George III’s monarchy after having dealt with the British Crown for years. Since then these states would start creating their own set of rules and laws and because of some states, creating their own constitutions and each state can rule itself, it gave more power to them than the actual Federal Government.