Puritans, Quakers, and Catholics were coming in droves to America searching for an opportunity to have religious freedom. The New Englanders took religion seriously, making unitary laws according to Puritan standards. John Winthrop, later chosen as the first Massachusetts Bay Colony governor, was seeking religious freedom. Wishing to inspire the colonists to dwell in brotherly unity, he summoned them together to remind them “that if we [colonists] shall deal falsely with our God in this work we have undertaken, and so cause Him to withdraw His present help from us, we shall be made a story and a by-word through the world.” On the other hand, those in the Chesapeake region came for the wealth that America promised. They were there to become prosperous or die trying.
Christianity, and the Jews are looked upon as having the same roots, which is true. Being in any way connected with the Jewish faith is all it takes for a lot of heathen rulers to become belligerent toward the church! It was well-known that the Jews were of the seed Abraham, and that by their own law, they were to never have a king over them, and certainly not a king who was of a heathen nation, and a stranger in the Land of Israel. It was because of the Jew’s adherence to this law that they resisted the government led by Romans. They had to pay tribute to Caesar, but they didn’t have to like it; and they resisted it every step of the
Over the years, Quakers became more accepted, and were actually admired for their honesty and simple living. That changed during the American Revolution, when Quakers refused to pay military taxes or fight in the war. Some Quakers were exiled because of that position. In the early 19th century, Quakers rallied against the social abuses of the day: slavery, poverty, horrible prison conditions, and mistreatment of Native Americans. Quakers were instrumental in the Underground Railroad, a secret organization that helped escaped slaves find freedom before the Civil
The first people who were granted the right of possessing land authorized the people to cultivate worn out land and grow better crops, as tobacco depletes minerals and nutrients from the ground. The tobacco was sold for 5 to 10 times more in the 1620s, which was a major advantage for the sellers. The Massachusetts’ economy depended on shipbuilding, fishing and trading. This made it very stable. Chesapeake’s population has split 74% men and 10% women.
Facing persecution in Europe, the Puritans came to America in order to create a society that lived according to the Bible’s demands. They were a separatist group who believed in purifying the Church of England by eliminating all aspects of Catholicism, like the Pope, for instance (“Puritan New England; Plymouth”). They also believed in predestination. This means that God chose whether or not a person would be saved or condemned at birth. However, the Puritans did not know whether God chose them to be saved or condemned, therefore, they lived through strict policies laid out in the “Covenant of Works” and the “Covenant of Grace.” The “Covenant of Grace” declares that “nothing people do can erase their sins nor earn them a place in heaven.” Consequently, the “Covenant of Works” states that “God’s elect must do good works…to earn their salvation” (Henretta).
According to Ralph Waldo Emerson's paper Nature, transcendentalism philosophy implied that the perfect profound express that "transcends" the physical and experimental and is just acknowledged through the individual's instinct, as opposed to through the conventions of built up religions. He argues that one doesn't need to go to church to find inner piece. By the 1830s numerous in New England, particularly the youthful, felt that the religion they had acquired from their Puritan progenitors had turned out to be cool and unoriginal. In their view it needed feeling and neglected to encourage that feeling of connectedness to the celestial which they looked for in religion. To them it appeared that the congregation had taken its eyes off paradise and settled them on the material world, which under the probings, estimations, and
The Kingdom of Matthias offers a compelling new point of view on religion and family in the 18th century. It revolves around the religious fanaticism of Robert Matthews and his followers in their quest to find God and to show others the way. Although meant to be a satire, the book gets very dark at times, strengthening the overall reception of the book. The two main characters Robert Matthews and Elijah Pierson are from different backgrounds brought together by the idea of achieving spiritual enlightenment. Robert Matthews was born in 1788 in the farming village of Coila raised as an Anti-Burgher Calvinist.
Many people turn to religion for not just spiritual answers, but for guidance and help in everyday life. Religion also affects the inner workings of a society. However, religion has evolved with time. In earlier societies, only one religion was usually allowed and accepted. In Salem Massachusetts during the Witch Trials, every citizen had to be seen as a good Christian.
For centuries, freedom of religion in America has been an integral foundation in its society’s works; Europeans fled their own countries, where they were oppressed by forced faith, to seek religious asylum in a country which prided itself on allowing individuals to establish their own beliefs, and practise any religion that they choose. The US was the first Western nation not to be founded upon a predominantly Catholic belief system, and was instead led by Protestants. This in itself demonstrates the independence of American society, and its defiance of other countries’ traditions. In Post War America, however (1918 onwards), religious barriers began to be broken down. This period is the one in which ‘the Great Gatsby’ is set, the ‘Roaring
The Europeans cared little about the Native American way of life, they only cared about exploiting the resources of the Natives home; this meant both natural and human. At any rate, the Europeans felt the best way to make the Natives “civilized” was to convert them to christianity, Columbus even brought 10 natives beach with him to help them “adapt to their ways.” Unfortunately, they only survived long enough to become baptized. Ultimately, It was your classic case of European colonialism.
The Original Puritan vision of having of doing everything as a collective effort for the eyes of England, with almost no aspect of individualism, as seen with John Winthrop, morphed into the Puritans displaying “The Other” theme through King Phillip’s war and finding an enemy and try to define themselves, away from the church, and also there is change with the Nature theme and the Salem Witch Trials which shows the Puritan Dilemma and how it secularized the second and third generation Puritans. Firstly, the original Puritan Errand had little individualism and called for a collective effort for their society to be an example for England. In John Winthrop’s, A Model of Christian Charity, he explains how the Puritans’ original goal is to be a
Since 1492, Spain recognized Christianity as its official religion because there was no distinction between Catholicism and Protestantism. Most of the Spanish population practiced Christianity due to Jews being banished and Muslims being converted. In 1517, the Protestant Reformation divided the Christian religion half - into Catholicism and Protestantism. Spain supported the Catholic religion, and they saw the New World as an opportunity to convert others to Catholicism. They believed that religion gave them the right to conquer new land, because they “came to serve God and to get rich, as all men wish to do,” which Bernal Diaz del Castillo said while working with Hernán Cortés in the conquest of Mexico.
About a century later, during the 1630’s, the Puritans decided that the best way to reform was to emigrate away from the Church of England. Author David Hall claims “excitement ran high that a new kind of society was being created, a community without “the unclean conversation of the wicked” as Thomas Weld reported to his former parishioners in England.” They called this society “New England” and the puritans were one of the many religious movements able to escape to it, but their historical timing was in no way unique. The Puritans eventually realized that they’re next step was developing their society, shaping its system to fit their beliefs. To control this while still allowing independence, they were going to have to coincide with other fellow Puritan’s opinions. According to David Hall there are 4 major questions you have to ask, whether “Puritanism was coherent, if they were authoritarians, creed and Practice, and finally how relevant and important religion was in people’s changing lives.” These questions were the very basics that lead the Puritan’s to emigrate to a society where they were able to express themselves freely, unfortunately, the religion changed along with a new generation, continuing the