The Events of the Battles of the Saratoga Egan J. Schafer Mountain View High School The Battles of the Saratoga The Battles of the Saratoga was when American independence won a place in the minds of Europe. The Battles are talked about in Creasy 's Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World, showing the importance of the outcomes of these battles. They showed that the Americans could defeat the most powerful military force in the world. This victory brought foreign assistance which turned the tide of the war. Without these battles, America would never have formed. The events leading up to these battles are as important as the battles themselves. The British army had a plan for three armies to meet up in Albany and thereby cut of New England …show more content…
The odds for the Patriot armies in Albany improved greatly with the British loss of both of these force. The Continental army had also gained some troops, as said by the Worcester Polytechnic Institute, “From the sporadic reinforcements of arriving militia units, the Americans were finally strong enough to face the advancing British.” The Continental Army then build defenses at Bemis Heights. The Worcester article continues, “Upon completion of the defenses, Gates ' entrenched army awaited the actions of the British. An effective outpost reporting system monitored the movement of the British expedition, keeping Gates informed of the actions of the enemy.” The first battle occurred on September 19, 1777. The British, upon beginning the first battle, “advanced on the American army… in three columns, one by the river under the German Colonel Riedesel, the main force in the center commanded by Burgoyne and the third, commanded by Brigadier Fraser making a wide outflanking detour to the American left. The aim of the British was to take the unfortified hill to the West of the American positions on Bemis Heights,” (British Battles). The fighting began near the farm of John Freeman, between American troops and the center British Column. With nightfall coming, General Burgoyne sent 500 German troops from the river to the British central column. Seeing these men coming, the Americans retreated to their defenses. The British controlled the ground for the time being, and the battle would pause for several days as Burgoyne waited for news from General Clinton. He received word that Clinton was heading up the Valley, but the troops weren’t come. Howe had ordered the force to reinforce him at Philadelphia. General Burgoyne decided to continue with his attack. On the 7th of October “he sent out a 1500-man ‘reconnaissance-in-force’ with several cannons to probe and bombard the American left [flank],” (National Park Service). The American Army, combined with nearby militias, far
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This delayed the fight and gave them time after time. At last the British send a letter to George Washington in suggestion of surrender. More and more ships are coming in to attack and Washington believes that the major attack would
Unfortunately, the battle was not that successful, because only about fourteen hundred soldiers returned. After the Second Continental Congress declared that all loyalists were traitors, the laws of the state were showed as acts of treason like showing the British Army what to do, and shaming men who went away from the Continental army. As the war progressed the British realized that they were running out of options they needed a new tactic. With the new strategy that was being made for the war, Britain abandoned New England, and went down to focus on the Southern colonies. The King believed that since there was a huge slave population in the south, the slaves would be right away ready to be into his force.
In the starting years of the war, the British generally won most battles due to their far superior sea power. After the invasion of Canada, the American colonist rebellion invasions and attacks continued. Battles after battles were being fought and everywhere the anger and the revenge taking nature was visible in both the colonists and the British officials’ eyes. The next 2 battles occurred in Trenton and Princeton of New Jersey. The Battle of Trenton occurred 26 December 1776.
Defining the Subject The Battle of Long Island, fought on August 27, 1776, was the first battle as a unified Continental Army and largest engagement of the Revolutionary war. Also called the Battle of Brooklyn, given its location on Long Island, the battle was the first in the British campaign to capture the key port of New York from the Continental Army. New York was the gateway to the Hudson River, which the British sought to control dividing the colonies in two and cutting supply lines.
The Battle of Valley Forge was the turning point of the Revolutionary War. Although no actual military battle was waged here, George Washington’s Continental Army faced some physical and mental battles of their own in this Pennsylvania town. It was here at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania where the Continental Army Soldiers of the Revolutionary War chose to go after being defeated in the Battle of Germantown in October 1777. During this winter, Washington’s troops came to this encampment to recuperate and train for future battles with the British.
There was two important victories at Trenton and Princeton. The victories were important so we could believe in ourselves that we can do anything. Washington’s army arrives at Valley Forge in 1777. Valley Forge is a camp outside of Philadelphia. Deserted is to leave without permission.
Although the battle at “Fort Ticonderoga” was a small one, it was also important. This battle was the first victory of the American Colonists. This event was vital, as it would provide more artillery for the colonists, and was moral booster. Lead by Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold, the so called Green Mountain Boys, a militia organized to defend land and landowners, attacked and seized the fort.
The turning point battle in the war is the Battle of Saratoga in Saratoga County, New York on October 7, 1777 because the battle that was led by Benedict Arnold and a few fellow commanders defeated British General Burgoyne was a major victory for the American forces, forcing a British army to surrender this led to the French in joining the war against Britain and helping the colonists with
Lexington and Concord The battles of lexington and concord happened on April 18, 1775. It was started by the higher ranking officers sending troop regiments to Lexington first then Concord. The battles were fought by the minutemen and british soldiers. The british soldiers were trying to take control and get supplies.
Spirits were high until the British kept arriving in large numbers. Washington had to split up his army numerous times to keep the New York defended. Spirits began to fall and disease set in once again. Washington had to plan to retreat, which is no easy task with an army of any size. However, the retreat was perfectly executed with a thick fog settling in as dawn came to conceal the soldiers.
The American Revolution was one of the most important wars that was fought in the history of the United States. The Patriots and the British had two different views on how things should be run in America. Many people have different opinions on why, where and how the war was started. There were a few key battles that helped to influence the outcome of the war. The outcome of the American Revolutionary War influenced the United States way of Freedom and the way the American people live today.
While intoxicated, the British couldn’t defend themselves which led to another victory for the colonists in this battle. The Battle of Saratoga was when France had officially established an alliance with the American colonists. Starting on September 19, 1777, British General John Burgoyne attacked the Americans at the location of Bemis Heights. Once again, his army was defeated and he had surrendered to the colonists ten
General Howe stated “It took them a night to build that yet it would of taken my men a month to build it”. He realized that the patriots were desperate to build such a fortification and they must of been running out of ammunition and troops. The British troops with fixed bayonets attacked the hill and had to retreat back to the bottom of the hill. The British troops regrouped after the retreat and charged two more times up the hill. The patriots began to run low on ammunition and some began to retreat from the hill.
Even after losing the battle, American forces gained confidence to become stronger. The battle of Bunker Hill provided encouragement for the colonists and helped Americans gain independence. It helped the colonists send a clear message to the British that they were able to stand tall and strengthen their colonies to fight for their freedom. This battle was a very significant event in the Revolutionary War and had a direct affect on the outcome of the war and our history.
The Battle of Saratoga in September and October of 1777 is the turning point of the Revolutionary War because the French joined with allies, British troops surrendered their arms, and the Patriots had crucial victories. It was a victory for the Patriots in the American Revolution and is the most decisive battles in history. The Battle began as a plan by the British to control New York and isolate New England from the Southern colonies and put an end to the Revolution. Which ended as an opportunity for the Patriots.