In The Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzgerald introduces a theme surrounding human nature and his cynicism towards humans. His cynicism is derived from the human habit that in order to move on with life, a person must first accept the past and fully focused on the future. These views draw a parallel to one’s past experiences and dream fulfillment, in which you must accept your past in order to live your dream. Most of his views of cynicism are shown through the main character, Jay Gatsby, and Daisy Buchanan. Gatsby is shown to be very desperate for wealth, despite his poor past.
In this passage, Leonid Fridman expresses his concerns, regarding how the word "geek’" or “nerd" is used as a derogatory term rather than a complimentary term. Fridman develops his argument by using rhetorical devices such as hyperboles, rhetorical questions, and juxtaposition to emphasize his reasoning. He explains how there is a flaw within the system of values in our society that thinks of nerds as social pariahs. Throughout the passage, Fridman compares “nerds” to those who not identify as not being a nerd. The juxtaposition of these two opposites, help clarify Fridman’s argument that “nerds” should not be ridiculed for wanting to study rather than expanding their social status.
Using the sources effectively in a persuasive piece, Kingwell demonstrates, through examples and science researches, the difficulty in defining happiness, which can result in unhappiness. In this article, Kingwell first relates happiness as a dubious concept and paradox that can hardly be defined in a single sentence. He continues to discuss unhappiness as a result of the insatiable pursuit of happiness. And finally, Kingwell demonstrates how scientists try to reduce happiness to a genetic factor. The science assumption makes happiness a biological pattern that can
Quoting Gioia, “Poor reading skills ranked second.” The survey he mentions supports his claim that a lack of reading skills impacts society in a negative way by showing evidence on how literacy skills is something that the previous generation lacks. With that said, this problem will
However, it shows that handicapping those who have excelled in an area of life or have greater ability than another is an injustice. It is just as unfair if not more unfair to put a handicap on someone who has greater strengths than another. When Harrison Bergeron stood up for individuality, society shut him down. In the real world, society shuts down those who speak out for individuality by shaming them or making them outcasts. Kurt Vonnegut created a universe that put the rules of society before the life of an individual.
Vonnegut uses George to convey the idea that the government 's attempts to limit human curiosity is proving to be successful. He believes that modern society is suffering from a lack of ways to put their intelligence into practice. As a result of this restrain on people 's curiosity, society will always fail to reach their full potential. The idea that society 's emphasis on intelligence is dwindling can be found beyond the world of dystopian literature. Alice Robb, a journalist for New Republic, wrote an article on the effects of learning test-taking strategies and "Learning and Individual Differences", a scientific journal coauthored by Micael Woodley.
Psychologist Irving Janis explained some alarmingly bad decisions made by governments and businesses coined the term "groupthink”, which he called "fiascoes.” He was particularly drawn to situations where group pressure seemed to result in a fundamental failure to think. Therefore, Janis further analyzed that it is a quick and easy way to refer to a mode of thinking people engage in when they are deeply involved in a cohesive in-group, when the members ' striving for unanimity override their motivation to realistically appraise alternative courses of action. According to Janis, groupthink is referred as the psychological drive for consensus at any cost that suppresses disagreement and prevents the appraisal of alternatives in cohesive decision-making groups. One Example of groupthink I read about is the "escalation of the Vietnam War”, 1. Summarize what happened (explain the event in your own words).
This highly contrasting institutionalization is like Huxley 's station framework. A strict association like this builds a society that sees split in education: such as those smart and dumb. They disregarded the thought that a person can do good thing that another cannot do and vice versa. The opposite thinking really restrains society. Perhaps, this is one of the postmodernist theme of the film.
In the short story “They’re not your Husband”, Raymond Carver describes the society in the 20th century by emphasizing the relationship between the characters. Carver accentuates the problems of Modern Society, as for instance the intern competition of the better life between people, by portraying the characters with a heavy use of contrast. The main character has a function as a substitute for Humanity due to the fact that it lies in human nature to compare each other. Comparing works as a sophistication of the person in order to make the best out of the person. Even though comparing in some way can be seen as a good thing, Raymond Carver sees it as a bad thing because it ruins the social bonds, which is an essential requirement in order to climb the social ladder.
Huxley writes John as a reflection of himself. While John takes on a persona of an outsider, this represents Huxley being an outcast in his own society. Members in Brave New World imitate the rejection reaction in modern society, and brings to fluorescence of the greediness in their actions. Furthermore, improvement in knowledge of scientific and technological discoveries benefits and punishes members witnessing the progression (Bear). Beneficial discoveries in Brave New World come to fluorescence when scientists eradicate disease.