The Haitian Revolution which occurred in 1791 came about due to the unrest among the people in the country including the poor whites and mulattoes. It started in one part of the country and spread throughout. One important factor of this revolution was Toussaint L’Ouverture. Different sources credit many reasons for the revolution but one consistent factor is the treatment of the enslaved and them wanting their freedom. Even before the revolution Haiti was considered as the French colony of St. Domingue which was the most productive colonial economy in the world.
The Haitian Revolution was not based on politics, it was based more on the social aspects of society. Each ethnic group represented on the island had different reasonings for their part of the revolution. However, the white society had a common interest. The Ways of the World described the white society as being very persistent in opposing freedom to the slaves of Haiti (The Ways of the World, pg. 709).
Just as Haiti’s economy was starting to grow once again, the country was struck with the earthquake and perpetuated the cycle of poverty. It was estimated that the overall losses and damages caused by the earthquake were between $7 billion to $14 billion US dollars (149). The gross domestic product of Haiti shrunk 5.1 percent and even before the earthquake, Haiti was the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. There was about eighty percent of the population living below the poverty line and forty percent living in abject poverty (Haiti earthquake web). This is partly because Haiti come out of slavery through rebellion and became the first black republic in the world.
Background Haiti is an island which is located in the Greater Antilles of the Caribbean Sea, the island is 27,750 square kilometers in size and has approximately 10.8 million people, which ranks it the first populous country in the Caribbean. Despite, Haiti vast population 80 percent of the people live below the poverty line hence, half of the citizens are malnourished. In terms of healthcare systems, the island positions last in the western hemispheres and one of the world worst healthcare system due to their lacking sanitation systems, poor nutrition and insufficient health services, which continues to prevent Haiti development. In addition, for generations Haiti has
They believed the nation required a helping hand from the United States. American politicians justified the tactics of forced labor, economic manipulation by American politicians, and murder by the marines, as part of the paternalistic policy it had implanted there. Renda’s main thesis was how the idea of paternalism and the military occupation in Haiti not only affected the Haitian people and the country itself, but also how it affected the culture and mindset of Americans. When the United States began the occupation in Haiti, it was more focused on preventing any further involvement from other nations. Germany had been involved in financing a lot of revolutionaries within the country,
“One of the world’s poorest countries, Haiti passed through a series of military rulers and dictators after World War II. In 1957, Francois Duvalier, popularly known as “Papa Doc,” seized power. He used the police, military and secret police, known as the Tontons Macoutes, to terrorize opponents. Declaring himself president for life, he looted the state treasury for his personal enrichment” (Edgar et al.1042). Haiti was once a beautiful country but was soon destroyed and corrupted by the greed of their president.
The Haitian Revolution was caused by oppressive slavery and discrimination against all but the French elite and led to the death of French and Haitians alike, the French’s expulsion from the island, and the spread of hope and freedom to other oppressed people all over the world. To start, the Haitian Revolution was started due to a variety of factors. But probably the most important one was slavery and oppression that was forced upon peoples from Africa who were imported to Haiti (Then Saint Domingue) and discriminated against even if they were free, just because of the color of their skin. To give context, from the years before 1791, slavery was incredibly harsh against slaves. The perpetrators of the cruelty were the French because they viewed themselves as superior and sons of the French Revolution that overthrew an oppressive government in France.
This revolution lasted for 12 years, starting in 1791 and ending in 1803. The Haitian Revolution greatly brought out social and economic changes in various ways, but the biggest impact it made, was in the lives of the slaves. There lives had GREATLY been influenced and their daily work had now become less harsher and more livable and practical. Although Haiti won their side of the revolution, hardships were still being faced. Like for example, their economy was going through a major downfall which occurred due to their crash in “agricultural production of coffee, spices, indigo and sugar.” Problems in the nature of these, didn’t just go away, they took effort and time.
They dig themselves out and mourn. Also the Haitian people seem to always think that it is their turn to have something bad happen to them. Are they wrong? I don’t think so. With their past and the kind of disasters that have happened and will happen to them, it is hard to blame them.
After 1804, when the Haitians achieved the first successful slave revolt in history, a number of white and coloured refugees resettled in the Bahamas for one reason or another. Among the most successful were Edward Laroda and Stephen Dillett, who became the first non-whites to be elected to the Bahamian House of Assembly - "monumental accomplishments" in a period when slavery had only just been abolished. In the late 1800s Haitians began a small but constant migration to the southern Bahamas in search of work, and the Bahamian presence in northern Haiti was also high during this period. Some Haitians in the southern islands married Bahamians and produced families, two notable issues being our current governor-general, Sir Arthur Foulkes, and the acclaimed actor Sidney Poitier. Other common Anglo-French names like Bodie, Deleveaux, Dupuch, Duvalier, Godet, Moree and Marche attest to the large Haitian influence in the Bahamas.