This paper will analyze the role that NATO played in ending the Cold War according to the different international relation perspectives and the effect that the Cold War had on the different theoretical perspectives. Realism, one of the oldest and most fundamental perspectives of international relations focuses on a states material power in regards to the rest of the international system. According to realists, one of the main ways that a state is able to retain and protect its material power is through balancing. Steven Walt, a realist scholar claims that the balance of threat insinuates that states form alliances in order to protect themselves from other states that not only have greater power but also have a higher level of perceived threat due to various factors (Walt, 1985). Realists view NATO as a military alliance that was established out of the need for the
They turned to a problem that allowed a flood of Japanese conquests and victories that had raised in the Pacific. General George C. Marshall was the United States Army’s chief of staff. His views of the strategic problem put into a perspective of ample terms: He said that the United States should concentrate its military power on trying to make a successful lodgment on the European continent as soon as they could. During the summer of 1942 the Soviet Army seemed very desperate as Adolf Hitler’s panzer divisions were pushing on toward Stalingrad and the Caucasus. The American military believed that it would be necessary for them to invade northwestern Europe in 1942 so they could take the heat off of the Soviets.But they had a preferred date in mind it was the spring of 1943, the American ground forces would more ready for anything that would come their way, they trained and equipped to fight the Wehrmacht on the European continent.
These tensions were perpetuated for decades and were the cause of the conflict known as the Cold War. Churchill 's speech perfectly describes the position in which the UNO and its allies stood, and reflects on the imminent and inevitable war that is upon them. He feels it is his duty to speak out to nations and their people, try to avert belligerency because he firmly believes “that our fortunes are still in our own hands and that we have the power to save the future” (Churchill, W n.d.). He would not want to see another time of despair and horror come for the people when it could be avoided.
What are the reasons for joining a terrorist group? What can we do about it? David Cameron, the British Prime Minister, tried to bring clarity to our minds. On the 3rd February of 2011 he held a speech at the Munich Security Conference in which he talks about the Islamist extremism and how important it is for us to act together. First of all, Cameron makes clear that one cannot describe terrorism with one certain ethnic group or religion (ll.
The word Crusade means a religious war. The citizens of England were told the Turks were hurting and keeping Christians from pilgrimages to the holy land by Pope Urban ll, there was little hesitation, Christians were going to take back the Holy land for God. In “Capture of the Christian ‘Navel of the World’” we get a first-hand experience of the siege of Jerusalem. So, why did the Author write this historical text? The main motives for the author to write this would be a huge historical event, an increase in hypocrisy, and pride.
The Just War theory, invented by Saint Augustine around the 4th century, allows to determine when to initiate a war and the level of violence that is justified (Maiese, 2003). The United States participation in the Korean, Vietnam, and Gulf war is justified after analyzing it using the Jus Ad Bellum principles—found in the Just War theory. Aurelius Augustine—also known as Saint Augustine—created the moral theory that centuries later would allow nations to analyze if their participation in warfare was just. Saint Augustine lived during the fourth century, when the Roman Empire was at its downfall (Gill, n.d.). Therefore, because Rome was falling to other powers, and having his father being a minor official of the Roman Empire (Agustine, n.d.), he became very concerned with wartime moral values, leading him to write the Just War theory.
The second example I will be looking at is the European view of the Orient, epitomized in the work of Edward Said. Of course, it is important to note that while the Orient idea was largely past into history, it has reminiscents even in our day The most important set of events in the Middle Ages regarding Islam is the Crusades, which gave a sense of territorial identity to an otherwise highly fragmented Europe2. In the unification against the Islamic, or more particularly the Turkish threat, Europe found its identity and that it was compulsory to be unified for survival. Pius II, talking of the Fall of Constantinople in 1453, was one of the first figures to have used the word "Europeans"3. However, the European identity was not only formed in opposition to Islam, but also conflict between medieval Europeans.
Wilson speech was drafted to accomplished some goals that Wilson had planned. One goal is that this speech would be like a draft to world peace. The second goal would to arrange peace after World War has ended. Third goal would to prevent another cycle of war and etc. First five points of Wilson 's goals were to dispose the main causes of the war whereas the other eight require for the cooperation of the Central Powers and for the nation to pursue economic, social and cultural systems.
Introduction After World War II ended on September 2, 1945, there is an urgent need on the economic integration in the European region. There are several things that become the major reasons of economic integration in Europe. The reasons are to repair the damage caused by prolonged war, the need for resources to reconstruct the market economy, and to fortify the influence of the Soviet Union at that time. European Union integration process begins with the establishment of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) to removed trade barriers in the coal, iron, and steel. Then, on March 26, 1951 the Treaty of Rome was signed followed by six countries including Belgium, France, Luxembourg, Italy, the Netherlands and West Germany.
201311475 International Law Ms. Pauline Brillantes AB Political Science TTH: 3:30-5:00 Prelim Thesis Statement: International Law has been the key for the states to maintain peace and order. This has been also used as an essential aspect of international relations. However, the aggressive war between different states and nations has an effect on the imposition of international law. The United Nation has a role in addressing issues on international law about global, economic and social issues. 1.