Third, the king tried to call an Estates General to get help from the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd estates to solve the debt problem, but the goals were impossible to reach and the 3rd estate was left out. Fourth, the 3rd estate recognized that they would have no power in the Estates General, so they created a national assembly which ended up giving them more power than the King couldn’t take away. . The national debt was one of the main causes of the French Revolution.
Domat wrote “On Social Order and Absolute Monarchy” to defend the king’s powers, and to give a better understanding of the hierarchy type system so ordinary people would accept it. Jean Domat’s life goal was explaining absolutism. Since he was not a king and seen as a regular person, people at his time can get a better understanding of the system when someone like him explains it. He explained that the king was given his power through God and is responsible to no one but God. At first this may not have caught the attention of the people, but when Domat tells that disobeying their king is the same as disobeying God it is the
The Declaration of Independence was basically announcing them as not the thirteen colonies but as the first thirteen states of the U.S. The goals of both of these are different for a reason, because the French Revolution wanted a government and the American Revolution wanted to get away from their government. The revolutions were similar because they both wanted a different ruler and they both had absolute monarchs. They were also similar because they both had social inequalities which was basically if you were in a different social class you were treated differently.
The Articles of Confederation was written when the United States was a fairly new country, and from the people wanting to create a different government from the king of England. Although this document respected individual rights, it was too loose of a document that could drive the country to success. After revising what they had created, the founding father of the us the created the us constitution. It was more strict, but still valued peoples rights.
While Macbeth worked to only benefited himself and his throne, Napoleon worked to help the entire nation. One of the most well known actions Napoleon did during his rule was the creation of the Civil Code of 1804. This new code, also called the Napoleonic Code, established a new way for judicial ruling and “equality under law” (Kishlansky 626 ). Napoleon also established better education programs and helped to improve the economic situations by creating the Bank of France. The Bank of France centralized the taxing system and made a stabilized currency.
Was the Reign of Terror justified? The Reign of Terror was one of the worst times in world history. This was a period of time when thousands of people were being executed for unfair reasons because of Robespierre- an absolute monarch who believed that torture and terror were required to have a strong constitutional law. The reign of terror was not justified because Enlightenment ideas were ignored, the rights of the common people were violated, and the methods of punishment were too harsh.
In the hands of the lower classes science was more applicable in practice than in theory and as I had mentioned earlier, science became associated with labour and the Baconian vision of science as a tool for improving the human condition came to forefront. With Bacon the doctrine of millennialism also came into dominance, according to which the second coming of Christ was imminent and would closely follow the saturation of scientific knowledge in the society. The collective desire for the realization of paradise on earth contributes to the rapid progress of
The French Revolution of 1848 The French revolution of 1848 was, a groundbreaking war between then French people and their government. The people of France had enough and joined together, and attempted to overthrow the government. The system of the French government did not function in the best interest of the French citizens because of the economic crisis and the political differences between the upper and lower class.
Taking that, there was huge political chaos in France over the type of government; to at least strive away from an absolute monarchy. Huge rebellions went on to reform the monarchy for the sake of progress, and some of the greatest bloodbaths were from the instability of the radical people during the Reign of Terror. But in the end despite action they resumed back to have another King Louis in charge- even with the philosophy and the extent of violence by the people - due to the simplicity and familiarity of the monarchs no reforms were actually made; so disobedience failed in the eyes of
Western Civilization: Revolution and The Enlightenment Introduction By 1700, the Western civilization had already experienced an exceptional transformation in terms of revolution and enlightenment. Most of the Western nations begun embracing freedom of the press under the influence of exiled protestants who pioneered journals and newspapers targeting absolutism. Emerging social circles encouraged the establishment of civil societies which made the quest for knowledge and political ambitions to thrive. Furthermore, they trained social criticism which shaped the discovery of revolutionary liberalism.
KEY TERMS: Enumerated goods- Goods from the colonies such as cotton, sugar and tobacco. Could only be shipped to England or other English colonies. Age of Enlightenment- Era from 1620 to 1780 where people stressed reason and analytics instead of following the traditional guidelines. Halfway Covenant- In 1662 church partial church membership acquired established in New England.
“The Federalists saw the economic future in manufacturing, but not political role of “common man.” Little faith in democracy.” “Republicans saw political future of “common man” participating in republic, Faith in the new democracy, but failed to see that farming was not economic future.” (Class notes) Each group had ideas that needed support from one another.
Here enters the idea of amendments. These flaws threatened but also aided the readiness for democracy in the United States. The constitution still allowed slavery, it founded what we now know as the electoral college, protects the president from popular majority, gave state legislatures more power, gave congress more power than any other democratic colony, and didn’t limit the judicial branch. Now when they created this constitution, they didn’t realize at the time that some problems would come with it, but in realty, these flaws help make the constitution stronger. As problems arise within certain aspects of the constitution, the farmers made it so that amendments could be made in order to fix whatever needed fixing.
Having a weak central government created a whole new set of problems. After analyzing the Articles of Confederation the weaknesses outnumbered the strengths. Such as states not having to obey the laws and ignore taxations because they had no authority to enforce them. Congress did not have the power to collect taxes from the each of the states, that was one major weakness especially during the Revolutionary War because instead of getting the money they had to ask the states for money and the states said no. At that point the government should have put their foot down and enforced a new law, their troops were fighting for their freedom and these people didn’t care.
”(Doc 3) This demonstrates that the removal of the Edict of Nantes drove people insane because it granted the people France substantial rights, however when the rights were removed by Louis XIV people became infuriated, which is another reason to why the French Revolution occurred. Fundamentally, the actions that Louis XIV took had a great impact towards his people. His actions ultimately led the people of France initiate the French Revolution, which left France and its people in a vulnerable