The enlightenment was an intellectual movement resulting from scientific advances, and it applies critical thought and reasoning to everything, including political systems and its relationship to religion, particularly Christianity. During the enlightenment, ideas were spread and shared more easily due to an increased literacy of the people and because of the invention of the printing press, making it easier to make and distribute newspapers, thus information, to the people. One of the leading personalities during the enlightenment was a man named Voltaire, he was a judge, and was critical of the French government and its absolutism. One of his publications was called “Letters Concerning the English Nation”. He states that the “Social Contract”, …show more content…
Stage I of the revolution was the slower and more peaceful of the three stages of the revolution, because the advocates of reform wanted to go through some sort of legislative body. To establish a constitution was the goal of this stage. Louis XVI agreed with the proposed changes, and in 1791 was able to issue a constitution, wherein those who could vote and couldn’t vote was clearly defined, it established religious toleration, banned slavery in France, abolished guilds, and the local government was reorganized into 83 departments. However, due to the hastily formed type of government, and France not having any history and experience with a different kind of government, the changes were executed poorly and was met with many challenges and resistances. Additionally, over time, it was evident that the changes made, benefited the elites not the poor. All these failures of the 1st stage of the revolution ushered in the 2nd stage. In the 2nd stage of the revolution, which began in June of 1789, it was established that the people, not the king, are sovereign. The rights of man like, freedom of speech, press and religion, and equal treatment before the law was declared. However, this stage also failed primarily due to the peasant 's "Great Fear". Having people as the sovereign instead of a king, was a completely new idea to the people and was met with plenty of skepticism, and fear of reprisal by the king, prompting the peasants to organize different militias. Due to the people 's revolts, countries that supported the monarchy intervened, and chaos and violence erupted within France. In 1794, an effort to control the madness and establish control was made, and a directory consisting of 5 elected men was established, signaling the beginning of the 3rd stage of the revolution. The primary goal of the 3rd stage was to moderate and end the terror happening in France, and the primary figure that came from this period
How revolutionary was the French Revolution? Did the Revolution simply replace the old ruling elite with a new bourgeois one? What were the major effects on different groups of people, including nobles, priests, peasants, urban workers, slaves, and women? This essay will address the French Revolution and the degree to which it can be aptly described as “revolutionary.” How revolutionary was the French Revolution? Was the storming of the Bastille, the destruction of feudalism, and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen of a fundamental and radical and revolutionary nature, or, alternatively, simply a series of historical events that results in the supplanting of one authoritarian regime for another and at great cost in
That system was a social system that included three different statuses for people, clergy, nobility, and everyone else. The cause of the French Revolution is contested among historians, but many think that it happened because the clergy and nobility groups did not pay their taxes unlike everyone else. Additionally, the execution of King Louis XVI was the event that may have caused the contests to start between groups. In the months after the execution, France was under months of unrest caused by the citizens. This resulted in the Committee of Public Safety fighting against the French citizens in a nearly eleven-month-long period called the Reign of Terror.
On the other hand, in France, members of the Third Estate led a revolt against the monarchy in hopes that by overthrowing the monarchy, they would be granted a constitution and a new assembly would be created with delegates of the Third Estate. Although the radicals were successful and a National Assembly was created, there were still problems. The worsening economic issues had not been solved and many citizens did not gain any rights. When the Revolution took a radical turn in 1792, the French Republic was formed. Finally, in 1799, after the end of the Reign of Terror in which the monarchy and its allies were executed, the French Revolution came to an end, with Napoleon gaining power over France.
The French Revolution was a drastic time for the people of France. In 1789, the majority of people were living in poverty and dealing with terrible conditions. People were split into three estates: the first, second, and third, the first being the wealthiest. Political, economic, and social situations were what contributed to people’s desire for change. The three main, or biggest causes of the French Revolution, were taxes, inequality, and lack of reform.
The French Revolution all began after people in France decided it was time to fight for their rights and freedom and escape the tyranny that took place and give the people more power. At the time King Louis XVI was the French king and had power from 1774 to 1792 and was later executed in 1793. In France, the people were divided into three separate social estates, clergy, nobility, and the commoner as the lowest and the highest above all of course would be the king. The Enlightenment was a movement by intellectuals who promoted reason and science, and they began to question the system in place at the time in France and they began to spread revolutionary ideas that got people thinking about change. The “French Revolution was influenced by Enlightenment ideals” and when the ideas began to spread people were newly educated about something they never thought about, and after
The French revolution is considered to be the most significant and effective event in the history. It changed the lives of many peoples and changed the future. Since people of France were under the control of the King they wanted to get rid of French government to eliminate power of the king. There were numerous other factors that also lead the French to the revolution. There were also many social unfairness among the taxes between the estates.
The French Revolution was one of the most significant wars that changed France’s history. The Revolution started in 1789 and ended in 1799 and was mainly initiated by the conditions affecting the Third Estate. Louis XVI was predominately the king during this time period but little did he know that an uprising among the peasants was happening. The French Revolution was caused by the Enlightenment ideas because of the American Revolution, the knowledge of rights, and the questioning of France’s government. The American Revolution was basically the “fire” that ignited the change the Third Estate wanted to see in their country.
This enormous massacre of people went against Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity, all of which the national assembly declared were every man 's right. Much of the killing can be blamed on Robespierre and King Louis XVI. Although it was mostly a failure, some achievements can be seen through the Revolution. The French Revolution helped the French people become a more equal and socialist state. This showed Europe that the French were capable of revolting and they were not afraid to stand up for what they believed.
The French Revolution differs from the model in the way that the King made a minimal effort to appease the third estate when they appeared to begin to revolt when the model doesn’t mention a compromise on either parts, and in the way that violence was a major aspect of the revolution and mass murders occurred. The Crane Brinton model states that the first stage of a revolution, called “The Old Regime”, is when reformers begin to rise up against a economically and politically weak government and tension arises between classes; the second stage involves symbolic actions, planning of the revolution, and a significant increase in the power of the revolutionaries, even more than the government; the third stage is rule of the moderates where there is a better and more organized government, and moderates take over, write a new constitution, and fight a war. The French Revolution follows the model pretty closely excluding for when the King made a small effort to prevent the revolution, and during the violent stages. When King Louis XVI saw the economic crisis that France
When revolution happen in history they often go through several stages before they are put to an end. Almost all revolutions in history have these stages but the details are almost always different. A good example would be the American revolution and the French Revolution. Because both of these revolutions had a similar cause and effect, means they will have very similar stages. The american revolution’s main purpose was to become independent from the British and create their own country.
Compare and contrast of The French Revolution and The American Revolution The American revolution and the French Revolution are two major incidents happened in the 1700s, which had intense social impacts on both French and American societies. In general, the American Revolution was more successful than the French revolution. The similarity between them is that the citizens in both countries, both faced the block of common economical development of the government. However, there is a difference that makes the American revolution succeeded while the French revolution doesn’t.
In this paper I discuss the four phases of the French revolution and how they influenced one and other, these phases consist of The National assembly/ The Constitutional Monarchy, The Reign of Terror, The Directory, and the Age of Napoleon. The First phase of the French revolution is the National assembly or Constitutional Monarchy. " Constitutional monarchy, system of government in which a monarch shares power with a constitutionally organized government.
These questions will be answered by the time you have finished reading this paper. The French Revolution was from 1789 to 1799. Many governmental changes were made in that short time period. From the monarchy being overthrown and the royal family’s execution to Maximilien Robespierre and Napoleon taking over.
The people of France tried to resolve issues peacefully but the king cared only about his power and acted at the expense of the citizens. According to the French Revolution portion of the Encyclopedia Britannica Online, the bourgeoisie wanted to have political power and the peasants did not want the feudal system to continue (French Revolution 2). A large meeting was held to discuss and solve issues, but, “rumors of an ‘aristocratic conspiracy’ by the king and the privileged to overthrow the Third Estate led to the Great Fear of July 1789.” (French Revolution 2). With the king of France being unwilling to actually resolve any conflicts, the only choice that was left was to overthrow the government as a whole and rebuild it into being a more fair and just system.
The French Revolution, which lasted from 1789 to 1799, was primarily a response to the poor leadership of King Louis XVI who had been ruling France at the time. A number of commoners took to the streets of Paris to protest against the monarchy after years of alienation and paying abundance of tax and fees. The bourgeoisie was also out of touch with the rigid social structure orchestrated by the regime as they were often excluded from law-making decisions and other political rights that were given exclusively to noblemen. Shortly after the monarchy had been abolished, the church became victimized at the hands of the revolutionaries who recognized the institution as a chunk of the Ancien Regime that needed to be destroyed. On that note, the French