In order to understand the Eighth Amendment and how it pertains to To Kill A Mockingbird, one needs to understand the unjust ways the death penalty was implemented in the 1930’s with minority groups, especially African Americans. To this day, some still argue over whether the death penalty is discriminating towards African Americans and other minority groups or if it is even constitutional. In the novel, Atticus Finch, a white man, accepts the challenge of defending a black man, Tom Robinson for the accusation of raping and beating a white woman. Atticus is aware of the challenges he will face to persuade the judge and jury that Tom Robinson is innocent, as well as the backlash he and his family will be subjected to as a result of defending a black man. For example Atticus’ kids, Jem and Scout, were getting treated differently because “...Scout Finch’s daddy defended niggers.” (Lee 99).
This essay will be about two injustices the Scottsboro trial and Tom Robinson’s trial. A few similarities are that they were treated unfairly and they were all accused of a repulsive crime, raping a white woman. In the Scottsboro trial though, two women were supposedly raped. Both trials happened in the same time period, while also noting that the women in both trials came from poor backgrounds. Atticus gave his all to his case while the nine young men’s lawyer also tried his best.
Chris Crowe’s novel, Mississippi Trial,1955, canvasses the immense amount of racism that is extremely apparent throughout the state of Mississippi, as african americans are consistently victimized in subtle actions or in substantial ways that result in the death and defamation of an entire race with no end in sight for an equal way of life as two pronounced murderers are acquitted from a crime they knowingly committed. The novel discusses the life of boy who grew up in Mississippi and was torn from his home to live in Arizona as his father opposed of the underlying racism Hiram was too young to comprehend. The internal theme of what is right and wrong is extremely perceptible throughout the novel as Hiram is continuously conflicted as he ponders living a blatant life of racism his grandfather represents or the open-minded
Although the Miranda Rights have helped many people throughout their cases, it has also hurt the police departments all across America. After the Miranda Rights were enforced to be used after arresting, the number of confessions from suspects fell sixteen percentage points. It also affected the number of cases solved because the suspects no longer confessed about the wrong they did so there were large number of cases that never gotten solved. Many crimes were let unsolved and they dramatically fell in numbers like the cases of violent crimes solved dropped 25% and property crimes solved fell as well. To put the numbers in perspective , if the Miranda rights weren 't put into place between 8,000 to 36,000, or more robberies would have been solved in 1995 according to Paul Cassell, that 's a lot of robberies that could have been
The situational irony is in the fact that Gantos was, in fact, a criminal, yet his dad failed to see that reality when he was pegging criminals on the streets. Furthermore, situational irony is shown when Jack reflects on his experience: “Ironically, in spite of all the fear and remorse and self-loathing, being locked up in prison is where I fully realized I had to change my life for the better, and in one significant way I did” (7). Rather than pouting and feeling sorry for himself while in
Many adults believe that these juveniles are just sweet innocent adolescents, and their sentences should not be as harsh as an adult. Juveniles like Morgan Geyser and Anissa Weier are examples of minors that were tried as an adult. These two individuals voluntarily stabbed their friend an agonizing 19 times. Luckily the victim survived the attacks but now has to live with the horrors of the attack on a daily basis. Had Morgan and Anissa been sentenced in juvenile courts, the victim wouldn't get the justice deserved, and the attackers wouldn't be held fully liable for their actions.
“Studies show implicit biases lead many of us to see innocent Black children as guilty adults (Johnson).” The media tends to depict young victims of colour as older than they actually are. For example, twelve year old Tamir rice was murdered by the police while he was playing with his toy gun. Although Tamir was the victim in this case, the news reports continuously refer to him as “young man” and mention how he was “big for his age”. The image that the media chooses to use in their stories on how people view criminals and suspects. White victims and even white suspects, are often shown in positive images such as graduation pictures or family photos.
Criminal Justice is a system of law enforcement agencies that work collectively to control crime and give the suspect the punishment for committing the crime. Juveniles which are young teenagers, tend to commit more crimes because they often have bad influences from other people or they usually have gone through a bad time period in their life. According to Marylandgov, arrests in Maryland have decreased by 6% in 2013, 2012 and there were 245,505 arrests reported in 2013 compared to 260,783 in 2012. False Confession is when a person gets charged and punished for a crime he or she did not commit. The reason people confess to the police for several different reasons because they are scared of the death penalty and they believe that the police
"Tha ' man 's gone and raped my Mayella and s 'only right that he face the 'lectric chair for what he 's done!" He alleges to have seen the attack on his 19 year old daughter, Miss Mayella Ewell. The trial consisted of Mr. Finch and Mr. Gilmer 's examinations of the witnesses, which included the local sheriff, Mr. Heck Tate, Mr. Ewell, Miss Ewell, and Mr. Robinson himself. Mr. and Miss Ewell both testified that Mr. Robinson raped Miss Ewell, while Mr. Tate, who only arrived later, testified to Miss Ewell 's injuries, including a black eye and many bruises. He stated, "[...] she was pretty bruised up when I got there, and she had a black eye comin '.
Just Mercy was written in 2014, In modern day society, racial injustice has a big impact in this world today, as stated in Just Mercy and To Kill a Mockingbird. Showing that they are both related in many ways. The characters from To Kill A Mockingbird deal with racial injustice first hand. Scout, the narrator and daughter of Atticus Finch, experienced racial injustice of her father’s court case with Tom Robinson, an African American. Tom was accused of raping a white woman who was Mayella Ewell, Mayella said he raped her while he was helping her with chores.