Throughout history, there have been many events that have washed away the innocents of mankind. The Trail of Tears is a true historical horror scene, targeting one race, the Native Americans, and removing them from civilization in the most “humane” way. Andrew Jackson, the seventh president of the United States, wanted land that was already owned. The signing of the Treaty of New Echota ceded Cherokee land to the United States in exchange for compensation. In 1838 and 1839, the Indian removal policy forced the Indians to give up their land and walk to Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma). In the end, the trail stretched through nine states, covering 2,200 miles; over 4,000 Indians lost their lives due to cold, disease, or hunger. Marion …show more content…
Dwyer. He is an author of six nonfiction novels and a former History Chair at a college preparation school. In his article, published by The New American, he takes his readers through the journey of being a Cherokee Indian walking the Trail of Tears. Written all in first person point of view, he describes the relationship the Indian had with the white men, the trade made between them, the finding of gold, death, and exile, and the Indian territory. Because of the writing style, Dwyer makes up characters with thoughts, feelings, beliefs, and facts the Indians might have known. From the walk to place to place, the music sang, the history uncovered, and the truth of how Indian were viewed by civilians, this article helps understand the devastating impact brought to the people. “We remember those who had walked the Earth with us, and we labored to build a better country for those who walked after” (Dwyer …show more content…
From the pages he wrote, he captured the idea of how the Native Americans journeyed bravely through the eyes of the unseen or the biased. Bonnie C. Harvey seemed to be stuck on the idea of perfecting people with religion, including the “success of the Choctaws”. She didn’t care to mention that the Choctaws were included in the Trail of Tears along with many others. If I had written Bonny Harvey’s article, I would have included the thoughts of the churches after the Trail of Tears. Marion Blackburn and Julia Busiek both touched on the rarity of U.S. Army Fort Armistead and Mantle Rock, respectively. These two sights are some of the few that remain raw, scared land without new age covering the truth of what accrued on the land. These places are truly a gift to the relatives of the Indians, historians, archeologist, and people who respect the horrors that accrued in 1838 and 1839. The subject of their articles are somewhat similar; they edify the fact that most of the land the Indians walked could not be preserved, and the few that remain
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Merrell’s article proves the point that the lives of the Native Americans drastically changed just as the Europeans had. In order to survive, the Native Americans and Europeans had to work for the greater good. Throughout the article, these ideas are explained in more detail and uncover that the Indians were put into a new world just as the Europeans were, whether they wanted change or
As Wallace sets it forth “either a site is honored or it is not” (66). On most conflicts Native Americans were compromising with their new neighbors, which resulted in their loss and suffering. Nonetheless, the Cave Rock case was not about compromise, it was whether to allow further destruction of the Rock or not. In conclusion, the Cave Rock is a model for other Native communities showing how to make a proper claim besides setting a precedent for all future
The Trail of Tears commonly refers to a series of forced relocations of Native American nations in the United States following the Indian Removal Act of 1830. The removal included members of the Cherokee, Muscogee, Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw nations, who chose not to absorb American society, from their ancestral homelands in the southeastern U.S. to an area west of the Mississippi River that had been designated as Indian Territory. Native Americans who chose to stay and absorb the American society were allowed to become citizens in their states and of the U.S. The phrase "Trail of Tears" originated from a description of the removal of the Choctaw Nation in 1831. Evidence from Research: Many Native Americans suffered from exposure, disease, and starvation while going on the route to their destinations, many died, around 2,000-6,000 of the 16,543 relocated Cherokee.
They were being treated like animals. They had to travel in the freezing winter with sleet and snow beating down on their backs. They either had to sleep in the wagons with many others or outside on the ground without a fire. The cause of death for many of the Cherokee was pneumonia from the cold and exposure. The Cherokee were obviously not happy leaving their land and being forced to travel west.
The Trail of Tears was a massive transport of thousands of Native Americans across America. After the Indian removal act was issued in 1830 by president Andrew Jackson, the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee, and Seminole tribes were taken from their homelands and transported through territories in what many have called a death march. The government, on behalf of the new settlers ' cotton picking businesses, forced the travel of one hundred thousand Native Americans across the Mississippi River to a specially designated Indian territory for only the fear and close-mindedness of their people. The Native Americans were discriminated against by not only their new government, but also the people of their country and forced to undertake one of the most difficult journeys of their lives.
While making this gruesome travel more than 4,000 Indians died from disease, starvation and treacherous conditions. This travel became known as the “trails of tears”. These Native Americans were not how white settlement described them. Many of the tribes adopted Euro-american practices and created their own communities with schools and churches, even developed their own languages and created bilingual newspapers.
Trail of Tears The name of the Trail of Tears came from a Cherokee phrase that meant “the place where they cried.” In my opinion it was not correct from the European colonists to evict all the indigenous Americans, they had been living there for thousand of years and only they had right to live there. The people were treated with disrespect, and one of the only reasons this happened was because the government decided that land, gold and other finite resources were more important than lives of Indians.
The Cherokee, a small tribe of Indians, has been forced to move from their homeland after John Ridge met secretly US official to sign a removal treaty for the selling of Cherokee’s land. Ridge and almost 2000 Cherokee migrated to Oklahoma while the vast majority of the population ignored the illegal treaty and remained on their lands. When the deadline of removal past, the general Winfield Scoot arrived in Georgia with seven thousand soldiers with the orders to remove the Cherokee. And this action was the decline of the Cherokee. After reading the book about writing by John Ehle about the Cherokee nation, we can try to analyze the impact of this removal in the Cherokee’s live.
This book was written fifty years ago based of written letters from George Bent during the 1800’s. This was a time when Indian trade and American trade were at a high peak and George Bent encountered multiple interactions with Native Americans within Bent’s Fort. Bent’s written accounts within the period of war from 1863 to 1868 were particularly important because he was an eye witness to first hand accounts and wrote deeply about them to civilization. This book review focuses on, Bent’s significance as an inside view of Cheyenne life and the Sand Creek Massacre of 1864. Life of George Bent: written From his Letters gave an authentic view of what happened, as the Cheyennes, Arapahos, and Sioux saw it.
The removal of the Cherokee, or more commonly known as the “Trail of Tears,” was a defining American event that left an incredible historical impact. The Cherokee and other Native American tribes were being moved westward by the American government for various reasons such as disputes with white settlers, the desire for the gold on the Cherokee lands, the desire to civilize them and other reasons. However, it was far from a simplistic dispute between whites and Native Americans. There were many whites, including President Jackson, as well as some Cherokee, who supported the policy to move the Indians west. Opponents of the removal also included both whites and Cherokee.
In Robert Utley’s article, he describes how remembering the battle for Native Americans is often accompanied by negative emotions (72). Although this battle was a victory for the Native Americans, it was one of many battles fueled by discrimination and racism that inevitably resulted in their homeland being stolen from them. By naming the battlefield and monument after Custer, it represented a celebration of oppression and racism among white Americans. Utley made a point in his article that “the Battle of Little Bighorn involved two sets of antagonists…, but the monumentation commemorates only one, the losers” (72). It is peculiar how even though the Native Americans won the battle, the Americans soldiers were the only ones honored and labeled as heroes to the American government and people.
This historical document was written by Private John G. Burnett. Burnett’s diary entry was written on December 11, 1890. The years of the diary were during his journey through the Trail of Tears between 1828 and 1839. Burnett was a reserved person who was just fine with being by himself for weeks at a time. As he hunted more and more, he became acquainted with many of the Cherokee Indians who grew to eventually become his friends.
As a part of the Indian Removal Act of 1830, Native American people were forcefully assembled and made to endure one of the longest walks from Georgia to Oklahoma on what has become known as the Trail of Tears. President Andrew Jackson’s motives for movement of the Native people to a new territory was to eliminate the Native race by stripping the victims of their vital resources needed for basic survival. After 178 years of expansion and growth in the United States of America, the circumstances for Native Americans remain unchanged. President Jackson’s sentiments have permeated the present society in issues associated with the physical and emotional fight to decolonize. Decolonization is both the individual and communal effort to regenerate
Throughout history, there have been many literary studies that focused on the culture and traditions of Native Americans. Native writers have worked painstakingly on tribal histories, and their works have made us realize that we have not learned the full story of the Native American tribes. Deborah Miranda has written a collective tribal memoir, “Bad Indians”, drawing on ancestral memory that revealed aspects of an indigenous worldview and contributed to update our understanding of the mission system, settler colonialism and histories of American Indians about how they underwent cruel violence and exploitation. Her memoir successfully addressed past grievances of colonialism and also recognized and honored indigenous knowledge and identity.
In the history of our forefathers and the generations before us we find countless examples of sacrifice, people gave their blood, sweat, and tears in the hope of a better future. One would think that the penance given long ago should be honored, remembered, and carried on in days to come. Joseph M. Marshall certainly believes so and furthers his thoughts through his book, The Lakota Way. Marshall is a descendant of the Lakota tribe, a proud culture with deep roots in American history. Like many of his people before him, Marshall passes on stories meant to teach the proper way of life.