Power relations Taking into consideration what had been said about representation of genders in The Big Bang Theory, I would like to discuss the relations of power between male and female characters. Although we can say that there are stereotypes about both men and women in this show, there is one fact that puts male characters in the privileged position over the female ones: the female characters always seem to be defined by their relationships with their male partners. For example, as I already mentioned, the character of Bernadette seems to be liberated from all the sexist and stereotypical views, but at the same time, she gets married to the most sexist characters, Howard Wolowitz, who before their marriage tried very hard to be a womanizer, seeing women purely as objects of pleasure, discriminating them based on their looks. As Rachel Redfern wrote: "Howard played the role of a disgusting, probably should be on a sex offender list somewhere, horny aerospace engineer. His goal was to get laid and so he lied to women, hired prostitutes, chased them down in a park, and was in general, completely repugnant for laughs".
As described in Mulvey's work, women are always sexually objectified and can be subjected to what she refers to as the ‘male gaze’. (Mulvey 1998) The representation of the image of the two women, Thelma in particular, was framed as being the sex objects of man with the highlights of the traditional belief of beauty they need to have in the visual stimuli of male gaze. However, as the film progresses, the two characters sharply changed their images. With jeans, cowboy hat, and modified T-shirt, biker tank top, the women are more conscious of being objectified and actively prevent being viewed as erotic objects by concealing their sensuality. Their ‘cowboy’ look not only presents them with stronger and more active image, but also
Considering other movies from the last few years such as Non-Stop or The Wolf of Wall Street it is easy to spot that men and women are still often presented in a typical gender manner. Nevertheless, recently the representation of female characters has also been improving and women are gradually becoming more prominent in the movie industry. In Hollywood, there was a certain rise of casting women as the main characters who take matters into their own hands and are no longer waiting for men to save the day. By making female protagonists as strong and independent, the stereotypes as women being weaker and submissive to men are subverted. What is more, movies whose protagonist is a woman often present the reversal of archetypal gender roles.
American Horror Story: Coven is undoubtely a controversial TV series, as it is at the same time both chauvinist and feminist. The show clearly adopts the male gaze and is limited by chauvinist stereotypes, but it simultaneously challenges them. The notion of the male gaze, theorised by Laura Mulvey in the 70s, suggests that we tend to see media products from a male perspective, as most of the producers are male and heterosexual. Therefore, female characters are objectified and sexualized, so that they are attractive for the audience. American Horror Story: Coven conforms to this theory through the way Madison Montgomery, an actress, is portrayed: she is white, blonde, thin and beautiful.
This is because for getting there within the patriarchal culture and structures, there is required from them to demonstrate agentic and masculine behaviors. By doing so, they are established as powerful and the ‘baddie’ of the film. This is all demonstrated by Miranda, who is seen as mobbing and lead by intimidating, humiliating, and degrading. Also, if one is an ambitious woman like Andy on their career path, the need is that one becomes not a very nice person for achieving a senior or leader role. Also, it is argued by Greer (2000) that for women to move higher in the male dominated world, they are only accepted if they are also able to include in them the masculine cultural ideals.
In both of these films consist of the battle of the sexes between being friends of a male and female or a marriage that consist of two married lawyers. Yet, in this history of genre, the films were made to find a “means’ to how it produces meaning” (Gant, 32). It also stated that, “deconstruct the mythic codes of cultural text” (Grant, 32). Which the statement means that the ‘mythic codes’ of how the genre in the movies show codes of sex in the film but it lets the audience look for the codes within the films. There is also the idea of representation in both of these films of masculinity, feminist, and the identity of women.
To conclude, women, or rather their bodies, are objectified in the service of the main character, often male. If this problem is not new, it is far from being eradicated. More recent debates have challenged this bad habit of Hollywood. Things will not change overnight, but it 's still interesting to see the evolution of film and women on the big screen - today we see more women directors and more and more serious roles and fewer roles of "support" to a
A lot of buzz has been created in the last few years over the word Feminism. Feminism which is all about fighting for equal rights for women and empowering them is often sensed wrong by our male chauvinist or to say male dominated society. However, the discussion is not always for the right reasons. Feminism the word often comes into the discussion for it’s over hyped status in this contemporary society and often people think that women play it as a victim card to their advantage. However, very often people and our society fail to realize that since time immemorial, women have been oppressed and dominated in one way or to the other and not even once for the right reason.
We cannot deny that gender discrimination still underneath hollywood in every aspect and a number of factors are accountable for the gender pay gap in hollywood. From industrial situation, gender discrepancy, patter of payment and social opinion aspect, we can find out why is there gender pay gap in Hollywood. The employment opportunities between men and women are unbalanced.Firstly, the creative team is still predominantly male and more conducive to producing good male-dominated movies. Many types of movies, such as action movies, are
Ads also have subliminal or in some cases really open meanings. Women are portrayed in several different ways in ads. There are lots of sexist ads around and most of which are about women. Sexism is defined as the attitudes based on traditional stereotypes of gender roles. In a society that men and women are competing for the same business position or looking at the big picture all genders having the same rights why are women used as sexual objects?