Many people may think that vaccination is a bad thing, that instead of preventing it causes illness, that is not natural. Natural or not, there are many reasons as to why we should vaccinate us and the younger generation. Most of the time children don’t like vaccination because it hurt, but is the responsibility of a parent to seek the wellbeing of his or her child. Vaccination it’s a preventive measure of various diseases. Unfortunately, things like the anti-vaccination movement, the misinformation on the Internet, and the believe that vaccination causes more damage than is worth, have led our society to think that it’s right not to vaccinate.
So where is the USA on human cloning? Human cloning is legal in the U.S., but there are some Federal prohibitions against research. The George W. Bush regime was especially difficult, and Barack Obama ended the ban on embryonic stem cell research, while remaining opposed to human cloning. Stanford formed a stem cell institute in 2003 and Harvard initiated efforts to clone human embryos in 2006.
But, parents believe that having a disabled child is also having disadvantages as to them. Seth, as a psychologist and parent of a special needs child of his own, detected several adverse effects such as parents of a disabled child would resent their child in such situations. Another, moods of the parents will suffer because the environment is so demanding than before. Some parents are stressed enough to get angry at their disabled child, but because they love their child, instead of getting mad at them, they will put their anger on other people. The romantic relationship of the parent will be affected too as well as their interpersonal relationships.
State-mandated policies require certain childhood immunization to be completed prior to entry into school. Ethical debate has occurred over whether states have this right to mandate these vaccinations or if families should have the freedom to choose based on religious and philosophical conflicts in beliefs. Though regulations regarding vaccinations may violate one 's autonomy, the government believes they are just in requiring them in order to protect the greatest number of people (History of Vaccines, 2018). In recent years the rate of refusal has been on the rise so this paper will discuss the pros and cons of mandated vaccinations as well as related ethical issues.
HISTORICAL CONTEXT FOR ANTI-VACCINATION MOVEMENTS In 1796, Edward Jenner presented his article on the successful use of vaccination to prevent smallpox to the Royal Society of London (Wolfe and Sharp 2002). The acceptance of the validity of his methods gave scientific merit to this preventative technique. The rise of widespread use of vaccinations in the early 1800s is attributable to Jenner’s work. As the use of vaccinations to prevent smallpox spread, the government felt it necessary to make vaccines available to more people.
Vaccines are able to prevent disease in a single child, but their usefulness to society lies in their ability to prevent outbreaks. Vaccines prevent disease through the concept of herd immunity. Herd immunity is the idea that a disease will have a harder time spreading if the majority of the population is unable to contract it (Martinez). For example, if more than 90 percent of people are vaccinated against measles, an outbreak is unlikely to happen even if a person in the community is infected (Oster).
After this research into other diseases continued. In the recent decades, rumors about vaccines have spread. Rumors like: they cause autism, they are not necessary, they cause delinquency, and they cause cancer have been created by opponents with little to no research. Many questions have been raised about vaccines such as whether they should be required by the government or that if they actually make a difference. So, do vaccines improve our lives or do they actually harm us and our society?
Natural methods of contraceptives such as abstinence, fertility awareness, or withdrawal are also used to prevent pregnancy. Lastly, an emergency contraceptive pill (Plan B) can be used, but this method can only be used 72 hours after unprotected sex and does not protect against STDs. Contraception
Dr. Vivien Brown, Vice-President of Medical Affair and Assistant Professor at the Department of Family and Community Medicine at the University of Toronto says that, “Combating infectious disease through vaccine is one of our greatest public health achievements,". There is worldwide agreement that vaccines are needed for total public health, but yet only 7 countries have the influenza vaccine readily available to the public. Many adults in the United States and Canada today have admitted that they do not even know what the true ingredients are in the vaccine. Although adults should still have the freedom to choose to be vaccinated, the public should be forced to be educated about the personal, economical, and social causes and effects of the
Cloning has several of prejudice. For example, expanded danger of acquired infections comes from the way that all clones have the same qualities and in this manner may be helpless to a specific kind of sickness. This may result in one sickness wiping out a whole population. Another inconvenience is absence of quality variety. Characteristic generation guarantees a blend of diverse qualities bringing about remarkable people.
Some parents might argue that vaccines are not safe, and that by the government forcing parents to vaccinate their children, they are harming their children. Skeptical parents may thing that vaccines are not safe due to autism being linked to vaccines in some rare cases. On the contrary, vaccines are actually very safe and effective, “Vaccines are only given to children after a long and careful review by scientists, doctors, and healthcare professionals… The disease-prevention benefits of getting vaccines are much greater than the possible side effects for almost all children,” (vaccines.org). By having healthcare professions carefully examine the child to make sure he or she is ready for the vaccine shows how much they care about the safety and welfare of your child.
The first one is Gardasil, approved in, 2006 and the second one is Cervarix, approved in 2009 by the FDA. Although Gardasil protects against four HPV types (6, 11, 16, and 18), and it is approved for use by females aged 9-26 to help prevent cancer of the vagina, cervix, anal, vulva, also genital warts, there are many reported side effects(KRUSZELNICKI, 2014). According to Gardasil.com, the side effects include pain, swelling, itching, bruising, and redness at the injection site, headache, fever, dizziness,
Recently, there have been many reports of children being vaccinated, and later on, they begin to develop these disabilities. This has created a scare within the American society, and parents are starting to speculate that vaccines contribute more harm than help. Like I stated before, “...the negative statements transform into rumors…causing a false conclusion on the topic of vaccines” (Walny). People do not perform their own investigation on the vaccination process, therefore, they must believe in everything they hear. For the individuals that do their studying, they know that vaccines prevent disease, not cause disease.