The Upanishads are believed to have originated in the 1st millennium BCE, they were updated and composed all the way up to 1400 BCE. The Upanishads writings were that of monotheism. They believed god was in everything including ones self. Interestingly enough, westerners have deemed the Upanishads the first “philosophical treaties” of India. “Indeed, the material they contain would not be considered philosophical in the modern, academic sense.” (Britannica Upanishads religion) Furthermore, the Upanishads believe in rebirth or life after death in some form or another.
The Two Great Indian Epics The Indian mythology consists of two great ancient epics The Mahabharata and The Ramayana. The Mahabharata was authored by Veda Vyasa known so as he had also compiled the four Vedas. Ramayana was authored by Valmiki. Both epics revolve around the concept of dharma and in both epics the protagonist is an avatar of Vishnu. Bhagavad Gita: What Krishna told Arjuna Bhagavad Gita is one of the most important texts in Hinduism as in it, god speaks directly to man.
Roman legal history is framed by two codifications, the Twelve Tables and the Corpus Juris Civilis. Roman law, was effective in the Eastern Roman Empire (331-1453), and is also the basis of our legal system, civil system which most countries apply, from Europe to Latin America. Even English and North American Common law also were influenced by Roman law, particularly in the legal glossary - stare decisis, culpa in contrahendo, pacta sunt servanda. The primary document that all Roman laws were included was the Twelve Tables. This attempt was the earliest of Romans to create a Code of Law and is also the earliest (surviving) piece of literature coming from the Romans.
Judaism & Hinduism The first religion to be discussed is Hinduism. Being the 3rd largest religion by population, and over 1 billion followers, the practice is not only a religion but a way of life. Mainly practiced in India and Nepal, it is considered as a blend of culture and ideology. Hinduism is the oldest religion and is often denoted as Sanᾱtana Dharma Knott (1998). The Vedas, the sacred text, can also be referred as the Shruti.
Religion and Philosophy Collection, go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=GPS&sw=w&u=ko_k12hs_d71&v=2.1&it=r&id=GALE%7CA130047610&asid=b32ed7e0f51af43dc7e6fb2823603de1. In this article, Christopher Key Chapple summarized the main components of Hinduism and what matters most to them based on their religious beliefs. Hinduism is much different than our religion however, the author grabbed the main points about Hinduism and its ecology to give a better understanding for me, the reader. This article touches on the dynamic, multicultural society of Hinduism. It was extremely useful as it goes into the specifics of traditions for Hindus.
Hinduism grew out of the beliefs of the Aryans as recorded in the Vedas. It’s one of the oldest religions in the world. Just like Buddhism Hinduism is still used today its most used in India were it came from. Hindu was an emperor, unlike Buddha he made Hinduism because he wanted to make his empire bigger then it was by having more than just one empire. In Hinduism there were three gods and goddesses Brahma, Shiva and Vishnu Brahma is the creator who sees all.
The king promoted Amun as the state cult and appointed the chief priest who, in his turn, supported the king. The king’s royal wife, as his chief consort, played an influential role in the Priesthood as God’s wife of Amun. This religious role was an important step in Hatshepsut’s rise to prominence. The highest-ranking female in the land was the ‘kings-great wife’ and in the early New Kingdom Hatshepsut also exercised great influence in her role as ‘God’s Wife of Amun’. Her role as God’s Wife of Amun, while she was the chief consort of Thutmose II, would have gained her the support of the Amun priesthood.
Believed to be written by a group of nomads known as the Aryans around the year 1500 BCE, the collection of ancient Sanskrit texts known as the Vedas serves as a guide to discovering the Ultimate Reality and becoming enlightened, according to the religion of Hinduism. Contained in these texts, is the idea of the four Purusharthas, the so called pursuits of life that play a key role in the base of Hindu philosophy. The four Purusharthas include Artha (wealth), Kama (pleasure), Dharma (duty), and Moksha (liberation). Although many have a difficult time grasping these abstract concepts, these same people may actually have already been exposed to the ideas.This is because many Western pieces of literature display evident traces of the four Purusharthas.
Discussion Question 5: Before the Europeans’ arrival, the gender roles in Puebloan society were loose. The Puebloans believed that both men and women influenced different areas of their lives, thus not one gender had more power over the other. The women spent most of the days preparing food for their households. The men worked the fields: sons worked their mothers’ corn plots, brothers their sisters’, and husbands their mother-in-laws’. In a horticultural society, the women asserted power and control over household activities such as seed production and child-rearing while the men communicated with the gods and protected the village from dissent and factionalism.
The women in this particular tribe owned the men and had the majority power over their families. Women in these tribes were farmers because they took care of the food that was made in the households. Not only were women in charge of taking care of the families and controlling the house, but they also fought as warriors. Although there were differences in the two genders and their roles in society, each had mutual respect for one another as they realized they were essential to the survival of the tribes. (Indians.org) In the Cherokee tribe, men and women also dressed differently from each other.