The First Nations, the Virginians, and the New England Puritans all had a different respect or attitude towards the physical environment in North America. While the First Nations had inhabited the land for already some time, it was a new land for the European colonist. There are many different factors that contributed the three groups’ differing attitudes towards the environment, but it comes down to their purposes or goals in the “New World.” In the long run, these differing attitudes had multiple consequences. The biggest difference of the three groups is the attitude of the First Nation people to both the Virginians and the New England Puritans. The Native Americans had been living in America for hundreds of years before the settlers came. …show more content…
According to the header for John Smith, “The Virginia Company was formed by a group of investors seeking to establish a new colony in North America” (120). This was strictly a business venture. This is how their purpose affects their attitude towards the physical environment. They saw the land as money, and their attitude was that they were willing to do almost anything to make the venture successful. A possible consequence of this attitude is violence and harsh relations the Virginians had with the Native Americans. While the Virginians were focused of making a profit of the land, the New England Puritans saw it as a refuge. The New England Puritans sought religious freedom for themselves in the “New World.” They compared themselves a lot to the Israelites and saw the new land as a “Promised Land.” Their attitude towards the land was that of respect, but they believed God wanted them to “use” the land. In their point of view, the Native Americans were living in the wilderness and not pleasing God. This produced tension with the Natives because Puritans would often expect the Natives to leave the land that they wanted. A possible consequence of this was King Phillips War. In conclusion, the First Nations, the Virginians, and the New England Puritans all had different attitude towards the physical environment of North America. These differing attitudes are sadly what caused most of the bloodshed in the early days of European
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“Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists and the Ecology of New England” was published in 1983 by historian William Cronon. The book focuses on environmentalism and history of New England. Cronon describes the shift from Indian to European dominance, the European’s view of nature through an economic lens, and the anthropogenic changes to the environment that occured. Throughout the book, Cronon argues that the European colonists used various tactics to assert dominance over the Indians.
Besides English settlers there were numerous other representatives of the European countries settling in the new land. And as the Puritans came to practice their own believes so did other nationalities, as explained in the study material. In my own interpretation America represents change and the believe system as well as the way religion was previously practiced was now changing. This change was greatly influenced by the intellectual movement called Enlightenment, which started in Europe and this influence had bearing on the Great Awakening. Besides Puritans now there were Catholics in Maryland, Quakers in Pennsylvania and the Episcopal Church in the southern states.
In the end the Puritans needed the Indians out and found motivation to proclaim war on them. They wouldn't take any assistance from Indians. They would strike and slaughter Indians. They would likewise take anything they could from them. 4.
Throughout the seventeenth century, conflict between Europeans and Native Americans was rampant and constant. As more and more Europeans migrated to America, violence became increasingly consistent. This seemingly institutionalized pattern of conflict begs a question: Was conflict between Europeans and Native Americans inevitable? Kevin Kenny and Cynthia J. Van Zandt take opposing sides on the issue. Kevin Kenny asserts that William Penn’s vision for cordial relations with local Native Americans was destined for failure due to European colonists’ demands for privately owned land.
They wanted to create pure, moral Christian society based on moral living. By hard working, integration of religion in politics, and social development of certain lifestyle practices, Puritans had a large influence on the development of the New England colonies from 1630s through the 1660s. Puritans believed in hard work as the pathway of success since they thought they were favored by God to succeed (Doc I). They tried to shun idleness and believed that being lazy is not profitable (Doc C).
The English colonies were very different. They wanted to populate their new home, and pushed out the natives to make more room for their people and tobacco crops. The settlers thought the Native Americans to be “heathens without faith” and “agents of the Devil,” causing many disputes. The natives shared cruel views of the settlers. The aggression between the two groups led to war.
There are significant historical contextual factors underlying the tensions between these groups. Culturally, Natives and settlers held very different worldviews, values, and ways of life, which led to prejudice, misunderstandings, and miscommunications. (Vevier, 4) They also competed for resources and land, causing violent confrontations that shaped the development of Western society. Some characters exhibited deeply prejudiced and antagonistic views of Natives, seeing them as savage and untrustworthy, while other characters possessed a more understanding and open-minded perspective.
Soon, despite the very fact that the government had encouraged this move itself, officials and important peoples found the settlers to be troublesome, even more so than the natives themselves(Page 20). But while the tenacity of these people was perceived as troublesome, there was very little reason why they shouldn’t be, considering that the prolonged existence of these people was because of their collective wariness of government and oppression and would only pledge loyalty to direct blood (Pages 20-21). If anyone were to survive in those lands, it would be these hardy people that have known no easy times and desired the solitary ways of life that the Appalachian Range provided (Page 22). Despite the acclamations from the Little America Party that the, *The Little America Party opposed the early settlement of the Appalachian region.
The respectful actions of King Philip’s War involving the New England region, resulted in a positive relationship between the Native Americans and the colonists. Whereas during Bacons Rebellion involving the Chesapeake region, the harsh actions caused by the rebellion resulted in a negative relationship between the Native Americans and the colonists. In the New England region the Pilgrims took
How did Europeans attitudes toward the land lead to changes in the ecology of New England in the 17th and 18th centuries? The Europeans attitudes toward the land was they wanted to own and take possession of the land. Colonists occasionally admitted as much when they needed to defend their rights to lands originally purchased from Indians for Indians legitimately to sell their lands they had first to own them (Cronon, 57).
According to the social characteristics of the said New England region, the Separatists and Puritans of this region would likely not support the French and Indian War. The Separatists, or Pilgrims, wanted to be separate from the Church of England. However, in these times, it was illegal to not worship the Church of England, so they left for America to avoid religious persecution and worship as they choose. The Puritans, similar to the Separatists before them, left for America for religious reasons. They had tried and failed at reforming the Church of England, so they left Britain and settled in the New England colonies.
Throughout history, women have continuously been the targets of oppression. One historical incident that exemplifies this trend was the Salem Witchcraft Hysteria. The Salem Witchcraft Hysteria resulted from various causes; it occurred in a specific historical, social, and economical context. In regards to the history of the Salem Witch Trials, it is particularly evident that the Puritan society regarded women as subservient to men. This notion can be drawn all the way back to the story of Eve.
The ideas constructed by the Puritans were not simply a principal starting point for American culture because they were the first in the country, but because they offered distinct ways of thinking that are still deep-seated in our culture today. Although many of the ideas of Puritans have evolved or vanished over time, it is important to give credit to the Puritan writers and thinkers such as John Winthrop and John Cotton who offered ideas that were new at the time and that stayed with the American consciousness—culturally, socially, and politically. “John Winthrop's legacy can be seen primarily in the fields of government, commerce, and religion. It was religion that would most impact John's life; his religion would ultimately impact the
The Puritans broke away from England after trying to purify the Church of England. They eventually became upset after King Henry refused to allow them to make the church pure and departed to the New World. There, the Puritans had to create their own form of government. They formed the Mayflower Compact; a document stating 41 men will work together to govern the people with religion being the center of the colony. The Puritans tried to create a democracy for ruling the people of the New World, but ruling with a democracy was almost impossible for them.