Recidivism is the catalyzing factor that has propelled and sustained the U.S. Correctional system’s lucrative nature. Recidivism occurs when a person who has been previously incarcerated, and later released, reoffends and returns to the correctional system. In Illinois, over 45 percent of offenders that are freed every year are expected to return within three years of release. One of the effects of recidivism is the societal label that is associated with having a criminal record. Once released from prison, one is labeled a felon, often denied employment because of their status, and therefore typically unable to secure work and money.
The blunt facts of mass incarceration for criminal offenders in United are very well known as they house the world’s largest prison population (Raphael & Stoll 2011). As of March 2010, the incarceration population in United States are as high as 2.3 million, making them the world leader in incarcerating its citizens. The jurisdiction believes that prison has an important role to play in protecting the community against offenders and in punishing them for their crime (Foucault, 2009). However, research and evidence have shown that the use of imprisonment has many disadvantages. The rate of growth in criminal justice system has slowed in recent years and the call for prison reforms have largely fallen on deaf ears (Raphael & Stoll, 2011).
The mandatory sentencing laws, lack of attention on the problem, and the cycle of mistreatment among prisoners contributes to the overcrowding situation that happens today. Arizona has one of the highest incarceration rates in America. Within that statistic, most of the imprisoned are non-violent offenders. The problem starts with Arizona’s mandatory imprisonment laws. Research highlights that, “under Arizona's mandatory sentencing system, non-violent offenders make up the majority of state prisoners” (Greene).
The main point of this article is that it wants to make the structure and the frame work of the entrapment system clearer and more precise. The article identifies ways to make entrapment more stable and clearer. This article wants to fix the problem of the entrapment system being unclear and sketchy. If a tactic has unclear rules and some grey areas, it can be abused and missed used. This article wants to relocate boundaries on the system and help rethink entrapment.
Marcus J. Paulus 2/14/2018 Plea Paper Plea Paper The plea bargain is necessary part of our justice system. This is because of the vast number of cases our justice system has to deal with each year it would be almost impossible to take all these cases to court each year. Plea bargains give people the chance to reduced there sentence by admitting they committed the crime or a less crime in order for the prosecutor to get a guilty verdict. The plea bargain process is supposed to be introduced to the discussion but they prosecutor and not the defendant. Plea bargain are intend for when the prosecutor has enough evidence to put some into prison they can reduce they charges they are being tried with.
They say law enforcement must have more power to prosecute and convict juvenile offenders for serious crimes and to deal with gang members. Con: Opponents say Department of Justice statistics show that serious juvenile crime has steadily declined in recent years and California already has tough laws against gangs and youth crime. They argue that the measure carries a high price tag; more jails and prisons will need to be built, taking money away from other government services and current efforts to prevent violence. Case Examples One of the most discussed cases was that of Alonza Thomas, Opponents of Prop 21 are furious with his case; they state that, not only did Alonza hurt no one, he also suffered permanent harm from the prison. They believe that he would have been better off without Prop 21, and he would have turned into a much better person.
Issue Presented: The use of rational choice theory, as well as labeling theory in regards to decision making and assisting in developing departmental policy. Short Answer: The ability to enforce stricter rules will change the thought process of offender before committing a crime or rule violation, along with making them productive members of society through re-entry will lift the label off of them. Statement of Facts: The use of rational choice theory can be used to help determine what offenders thought process maybe during the commitment of violating facility rules. This is often considered “risk vs reward.” (SNHU, 2018)According to the book Criminological Theories it states “rationality is the decision-making process of determining the
It is a fast growing crime in America that 12.1million victims were reported last year and their financial loses are reported 26.3 billion dollar. Most frequently occurred was misusing credit cards(64.1%), bank accounts(35%) and using personal information(14.2%) (Identity theft). As identity fraud usually take place in internet, it is hard to track. So it is important to prevent it from happening. Environmental law violation is another crime that affect society enormously.
Juvenile Incarceration is an epidemic in America that has no chance of slowing down without the support and changes from the government. One problem contributing to this issue is that the justice system focuses mainly on punishing the juvenile offender through prison time, instead of taking preventative measures and supporting rehabilitation. Imprisoning juveniles is not only ineffective, as evidenced by the high recidivism rates, but it is also extremely expensive. The average annual cost of housing one juvenile in jail is $88,000. That number multiplied by the number of incarcerated juveniles, equates to an end cost to the government of approximately 21 billion dollars.
The literature answers the issues of incarceration rates increasing by giving us the product such as legislative decisions that were the primary reason that led to the increase of charging and imprisoning more offenders as well as increasing sentences, limiting prison release, and expanding the prison capacity. Higher incarceration rates were not the sole reason for the increase in crime. Prisons were continuing to be built even though crime had been declining. Later resulting in the sharpest decrease in crime in American history. Essentially every states incarceration rate was increased by 150 percent from 1970 to 2000, and the median state increasewas 390 percent, which was taken from the Bureau of Justice Statistics in 2012.