3. How did immigration to America change in the latter half of the nineteenth century, and what was the response to that change? “Immigration “ The prominent changes were occurred throughout the latter half of nineteenth century which includes reforms to the Immigration policy and impact of immigration in America. Immigration has played a vital role in past resulted some changes in American history, the immigrant population directly affected the Americans. Prior to the Civil war the number of immigrants were drastically increased which made reasonable thoughts of the bloodiest war in American history. The policy was criticized by people and the nation itself and thus introduced the number of acts to control the immigration throughout the country. The number showed that millions of immigrants migrated to the U.S major Eastern cities from Europe which comprised of 80% of the immigrant population. The causes of immigration in those states were fleeing unemployment, food shortages, …show more content…
In conclusion, the immigration to America in the latter- half of the nineteenth century were sort of advantages and lots of consequences in American policy and America as a …show more content…
Sources : "Origins of the federal immigration service" Retrieved from, https://www.uscis.gov/history-and-genealogy/our-history/agency-history/origins-federal-immigration-service "US immigration before 1965" retrieved from,
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Immigration to America had its benefits and downside. America was the place to go in the 19th century people all around the world immigrated to the US. The US needed rules and regulations on entering the country due to types of things that were happening in Document 2. The positives of immigrating to the US was too good to pass up.
In 1875, The Supreme Court ruled that immigration regulation is the responsibility of the federal government. Also, the Page Act is passed which prohibits entry into the United States by any undesirable immigrant. In 1882, The Immigration Act of 1882 was passed which would create a 50 cent tax on each immigrant that arrives at the US port of entry. This tax was implemented to relieve the cost of immigration laws.
As can be seen in documents A-H, from 1880 to 1925, immigration went from being the staple of the American culture to the common enemy of “native” Americans. In 1880 and before, immigrants were welcome to the United States with open arms, which is shown in document A with all of the foreigners flooding into the wide open gate of America. The purpose of document A was to advertise the acceptance of immigrants into the United States and all of the great things they would find when they arrived here. Document B displays that even until 1888, immigrants were viewed by the established Americans as a “double advantage”: helpful to the economy when needed and conveniently out of the way when unnecessary.
There was something called Americanization movement and it was to take in people from a culture into the dominant culture. It was to teach them skills and basic english for communication. This act gave hope to the future immigrants and Ellis Island became so overcrowded and there were many urban problems. One of the problem was poor housing and unsanitary city. Problems were so bad that rents for houses hiked up.
The Great Migration The early 19th century was an era of emigration to the United States as every nation had its people coming to the United States. Whether it was from an economic, religious or even education standpoint, thousands of immigrants came to the United States. However, not every immigrant was treated the same. There was a constant struggle for independence and less opposition.
The 19th century was the era of the Gilded Age, where the economy was booming, bringing great changes that affected the lives of workers and entrepreneurs. During this period, there was a large influx of immigrants that were coming to America to look for job opportunities. The migration of immigrants proved useful as a source for cheap labor, allowing an even higher rise in the U.S. economy. While American industrialization may have benefited the upper class of the American society, the effects were opposite to the workers of the lower classes. This problem was especially worse for immigrant workers as their belief in the so-called American dream has been worn down due to the misery they had to endure.
The mid-19th century saw an unprecedented wave of immigrants coming into the country. At its peak, Ellis Island, the main processing station for immigrants, handled an astounding 5,000 people every day. Because of the language and culture barriers faced by each group of people, they often settled amongst themselves. Very quickly, country-specific neighborhoods began popping up throughout New York and the surrounding area. This helped to alleviate the stresses with moving to a new country; however, most immigrants came to the United States penniless and lived in low-income housing as their jobs rarely supported themselves let alone their families.
Americans had rarely accepted outsiders as equals, and that was the case with immigrants coming to the U.S in the 1840s to the 1920s. A time in America where immigrants were not considered inferior to native white Americans did not exist. The hatred of anything non-American, especially with the coming of World War I in 1914, would only cause more Americans to despise immigrants. Part of this was rooted simply in racism, which existed towards groups other than African Americans, but much of it was simply that Americans considered themselves the chosen people while everyone else was below them. Thus, despite immigrants being accepted into America, those immigrants were still treated far worse than white citizens between the 1840s and 1920s, for the prejudice against them was obvious even in the laws created.
Most immigrants who came to the U.S had high expectations that they would find wealth but once they arrived they realized their expectations weren’t what they expected. Although, they were disappointed in not finding wealth the conditions in which the U.S was in by the late 1800s were still a lot better than the places they all had left behind to come. The majority of the immigration population anticipation was to find profitable jobs and opportunities. When the large numbers of immigration were migrating to the U.S, it was during the “Gilded Age”, which was the prime time for the country’s expansion of industrialization. This rapid expansion of new industries led to the need of workers which motivated people from other countries to come to
Prior to 1965, immigration was set up on a quota system and allowed 2% of nationalities that America favored, which was Western Europe. Some countries were not allowed to immigrate to the U.S., such as China and the Philippines. From 1924-1965 approximately 6 million people legally immigrated to the United States. By 1960 some countries were claiming that the U.S. immigration policy was discriminating against them. With the civil rights movement happening, President John F. Kennedy and the Democratic Party moved to change the immigration policy.
In both the early and late 19th century there were a lot of things that contributed to the growth of America. Economically, during this point in time there was extreme growth. Up to the end of the Civil war, the way people went about life was about to change even more than what has already changed in the last fifty years. Post-Civil war, over 4 million slaves were freed. They migrated and assimilated towards the pacific coast and towards northern states.
America’s Diverse Population In the nineteenth century, rates of immigration across the world increased. Within thirty years, over eleven million immigrants came to the United States. There were new types of people migrating than what the United States were used to seeing as well. Which made people from different backgrounds and of different race work and live in tight spaces together; causing them to be unified.
The number of immigrant to America reached 1.25 million and had a big tendency to increase. Americans began to doubt the government’s open door policy. Under pressure of the public, Immigration Act was passed on February 1917. Why American started feeling “angry” toward those new immigrants? The answers are: they were often poor; many of them were illiterate and had a big different cultural and religious background.
When comparing the 1800-1880s to modern day America, similarities of these two time periods include the migration of immigrants, westward expansion, and the economic ways we make money, some differences amongst them are slavery, voting, and the act of “conscription.” Some similarities between 1800-1880 and modern
Immigration and The American Dream Immigrants from the mid 19th century and early 20th century consisted of mainly Southern and Eastern Europe, Asia, and elsewhere. Immigrants motivations, experiences, and impacts shaped what an immigrant had to go through being a different person from another country. Although Americans dislike foreigners who came to the United States, immigrants had a role in political, economic, cultural, and social aspects of immigrants because of their motivations, experiences, and impacts in America. New Immigrants did not have it easy and went through obstacles natives, political figures, bosses and others had thrown at them.