The Overland Campaign was a decisive moment in the Civil War: it was a strategic victory for the Union, but consisted of heavy losses on both sides. In just 40 days, the Union lost 55,000 men. The Confederates lost 36,000 men, but with an army roughly half of the Union’s to begin with, their losses were proportionally much greater. The final battle of the campaign, Cold Harbor, led to extremely high losses on both sides, but was a defensive victory for Lee. Anti-war sentiments grew in the North and Grant was labeled “the butcher.” Despite the high losses, Grant knew this is what had to happen in order to achieve the North’s strategic objectives in the war.
With Italy's resources stretched to capacity, many Italians believed the alliance with Germany would provide time to regroup. But Hitler's invasion of Poland and declaration of war with Britain and France forced Italy into war, and exposed weaknesses in its military. Greece and North Africa soon fell, and only German military intervention in early 1941 saved Mussolini from a military coup. Long Term Effect of Rule: In 1942, at the Casablanca Conference, Winston Churchill
Why did Venice leave the Holy League in 1513 to join France? The Holy League, which consisted of the Holy Roman Empire, the Papal States, Spain, Venice, and Milan, had a complicated relationship with the French throughout the late 15th and early 16th centuries (Britannica.com). This complicated relationship began when Ludovico Sforza of Milan, convinced Charles VIII of France to invade Italy. Ludovico was convinced that the current rulers of Naples were very power hungry and they were going to try and take over Milan and/or take over the other neighboring city states. However, when Charles VIII invaded and took control of Naples in 1494, he realized how wealthy and beautiful Naples was and he now wanted to take over the other Italian city-states.
Instead of waiting for Porter and his war ships, Butler carried out an ill-fated attempt to destroy part of the fort’s sea-facing wall. This first engagement proved ineffective and likely gave the confederate forces hours to prepare for the next attack. Joined later by the rest of the fleet the attack began but resulted in little damage to the forts defenses. This is most likely attributed to the design of the fort mounds. Made primarily from earth and sand the mounds were very effective at absorbing the impacts from the union shelling.
The first section of the book tells about the wait and anticipation of the attack. Dwight D. Eisenhower, the General for the U.S. army who planned the D-Day attack, was forced to delay the attack many times because of inadequate weather. One of the main problems with the weather was that they need sufficient clearing in the clouds for a successful air attack. Also they wanted
Jefferson had opposed this from the beginning, so when he was president, he made it all change. In 1801, the ruler of Tripoli, a Barbary state, demanded the payment of $250,000 for tribute, and an additional annual payment, but Jefferson refused. Because of this Tripoli declared war. Jefferson sent a naval force to the Mediterranean to protect US ships. This resulted into a four year long struggle with Tripoli.
During the war food rationing was one of the most important tasks that the government faced. The main source of food for Britain was coming through imports from outside of the United Kingdom (especially by the United States). In order to eliminate this strong suit, Hitler and the Nazi Germany used torpedoes to attack the shipment of food that was being sent to Britain via ships. Due to the fact that Britain is an island, the only way for them to be able to obtain food and resources to thrive is by sea. This was strong tactic by Hitler to try to weaken the British people, and try to turn them against the government.
The path towards this goal, however, was anything but subtle. Ranging from getting gassed to getting infected by mice, the battlefield was a treacherous place. However, in the novel All Quiet on the Western Front, it is apparent that even if the path towards a goal is brutal, the goal would still be important when there are higher stakes involved. When Paul Baumer chose to be conscripted into the army, his only thought was to help his country win the war. However, he had no idea what attaining this goal would actually be like.
Hannibal was victorious in many great battles in Northern Italy like the Battle of Trebia, the Battle of Lake Trasimene and the Battle of Cannae. Hannibal requested more soldiers, as he was moving towards the North, but Carthage refused. The Romans later realized that it was going to be difficult to beat Hannibal, so they decided to cut off supplies to make life harder for Hannibal before he attacks. It was a very smart idea and it resulted Hannibal to rush back to his homeland to protect it from the Romans at the Battle of Zama on October 19th, 202 BC. Once again, Rome gains victory in the war and now controls much of the Western Mediterranean, which means that Carthage lost much of its
This was due to the fact that there was not enough ships or troops at the time to do that. Churchill believed that only by securing the island of Madagascar by the use of a strong navy and air force, was the only way. After commandos left, the protection of garrisons were to be taken over by troops from the KAR and the East African Forces. Everything was believed to go as planned, but circumstances soon changed everything. It was in March of 1942, that the Japanese soon began raids against the British navy.
Huntington-Whiteley, was to enact a Pinch raid under the guise of the larger Dieppe raid, in order to obtain the Enigma machine and code books. The purpose of the larger raid was to conceal the taking of the codes, ensuring that the Germans didn’t change their code book, blocking the Allies once more. Unfortunately, the Pinch raid never occurred as the ship carrying the 40th RM Commando team, the HMS Locust, could not take the port and deliver the commando team to their objective. There was even an attempt for the team to use a landing boat in order to gain access to their objective, but due to the German defence this attempt also
Because of having to maneuver their way through the streets of Gettysburg by the time the Confederate had cleared the town they were in no shape to fight. But with the union retreating Lee still thought he was in good shape to win the battle. But he was mistaken because the first day of fighting had cost him too much and he drove the Union forces onto some excellent defensive to rain outside of Gettysburg. With these great positions the union soldiers were able to defend successive confederate attacks. The union 's position had great natural barriers that made it hard for the Confederates to
Roberts, the military force commander, Captain J. Hughes-Hallett, the naval force commander, and Marshal T.L. Leigh-Mallory, the air force commander. Their plan was to attack four minor points at dawn, and a main assault at Dieppe by the Canadians. But the operation results in a terrible failure, which ultimately provides them lessons and experience for the future invasion in Normandy. Since the Allies’ plan failed, there must have been factors that contributed to their defeat.
The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise to the Americans. However, Japan’s plan was to destroy the Pacific Fleet for Japan to seize the resource areas needed for its southern expansion, but if they were unsuccessful, they would go to war. After the attack, President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared war on Japan. Pearl Harbor was one of the most horrifying attack that took place on December 7, 1941 at the American Naval Base near Honolulu, Hawaii. War between Japan and the United States did not simply begin on the date of the Pearl Harbor attack.
It will be you tomorrow.”(Document 2). This statement is from Haile Selassie, the Emperor of Ethiopia, was pursuing help from the League of Nations. In 1935, Italy had invaded Ethiopia and they needed military sanctions, but the League didn’t pull through. The weakness of the League of Nations was exhibited when the League did nothing to discontinue the invasion of Italy in Ethiopia and the Troops sent into the Rhineland (Document 2, 3). After World War I, Germany had lost is land, so France had taken control of the Rhineland.