What is a male? What is a female? Are they not one? If not, what makes one superior to the other? Equality, in its purest form, is the prevention of discrimination against any one gender. To deepen the definition, equality gives opportunities to all people, regardless of their sex. The novel, As I Lay Dying, by William Faulkner severely lacks gender equality, and fails to highlight the rights of women in their battle for independence from men. His characters in the novel do not represent any of the hard work women did to get where they are today. One could even argue that his female characters do an injustice to the women’s rights movements in the United States and all they have given to women everywhere. Each character blindly follows the gender roles assigned to them. Cora is seen in the novel as an intense follower of God and religion, but in all actuality she is an intense follower of her husband. For instance, Cora states, “A women’s place is with her husband and children, alive or dead…I have tried to live right in the sight of God and man, for the honor and comfort of my Christian husband and the love and respect of my Christian children,” (21). This is proof that Mrs. Tull is not bothered by women’s rights or gender equality. Cora prefers to live her …show more content…
Take Addie Burden for another example. She is perhaps the strongest female figure in the book, yet she falls to the whims of Anse. Addie feels that it is her duty as a woman to give Anse what he is “entitled to,” even though she despises the man. Addie molds into the stereotypical housewife saying, “I gave Anse the children. I did not ask for them. I did not even ask him for what he could have given me: not-Anse. That was my duty to him, to not ask that, and that duty I fulfilled,” (160). Even at the end of the novel, she is still depending solely upon the men in the family to give her, in death, the freedom she never gained during her
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I picked this passage over the other passage in the story because, since Addie had one part in, As I Lay Dying, the words had more meaning behind it than everyone else’s passage in the story. Also, I had made this writing choice over another because I felt Addie expressed her true feelings about Anse, why she married him in the first place, and how becoming a mother was such a terrible thing to occurred. Although some mothers are filled with happiness in joy of becoming one, but sadly, not some mothers are not. This is unfortunate for child/children and it affects them badly because a mother’s love is what child/children desires. By Addie not being pleased becoming a mother, her ‘love’ reflect its on her relationships with her children, expect when it came to Jewels.
Often times women were unable to break of their repressive bonds in their marriages. Throughout the 19th century, many women were left at home all day to oversee domestic duties. They had such great influence at home which gave men the need to constantly put them in their place, which was beneath theirs. It was the women’s job to please their husbands who dictated every aspect of their life. In all four texts, Kate Chopin’s “The Story of an Hour”, Emily Dickinson’s, “She Rose to His Requirement”, Susan Glaspell’s, Trifles and Zora Neale Hurston’s
He acts “in a non-emotional way” towards Addie’s death (Butchart). In fact, Anse “is focused on his own needs” instead of his family’s needs (Butchart). Anse “feigned sadness” when his wife died. Anse only makes “the funeral trip” because he “feels bound to” “bury her in Jefferson” (Butchart). Anse shows his dedication to Addie’s promise by saying “I don’t begrudge her it” (Faulkner 163).
Addie Bundren is the most confusing of all the characters in As I Lay Dying by William Faulkner. From her hatred of Anse to her odd, loving relationship with Jewel, it was very difficult to get a complete grasp of who Addie really was. Some might see her as loving and loyal while others are taken aback by her actions. After much deliberation, it seems like her disturbing qualities seem to prevail over her loving ones. One of the biggest themes in the book is selfishness.
Throughout his novel As I Lay Dying William Faulkner demonstrates how one selfish act can be the source of pain and suffering for many. Faulkner utilizes symbolism and point of view to express the burdens each of the Bundren’s carry and the toll it takes on them. Anse enforces Addie's wish to be buried in Jefferson, “His mind is set on taking her to Jefferson” (Faulkner 86), but moving her after her death causes the Bundren's to endure unnecessary hardships. The coffin that carries her becomes a physical burden that is a symbol of the family’s grief, and their own separate problems making the trip to Jefferson necessary and painful.
In the novel, As I lay dying by William Faulkner, the Bundren family go through a mental journey of loss and death of their mother later to go on a physical journey to bury their mother. To the conclusion of any novel, many have an opinion on what is much happy or not a happy ending. In the case of the ending to As I lay dying, include no real burial of how the mother wanted, which was the point of the physical journey in the first place, secrets comes out, one of the five the siblings gets taken away, and many are left with unfinished business, was not a happy at all for most of the characters. The novel is narrated by 15 characters that are not all part of the Bundren family but in some way connected.
As a whole, those awarded with elevated monetary assets and possessions live a far easier life than their impoverished counterparts, often characterized by gross excess and indulgence. It is often expected that such privileged individuals work for the improvement of the general human condition, whether that be through philanthropy or activism. Specifically, these expectations have been long instilled in the wealthy American South, of which William Faulkner was a part. Born into an affluent family raised to the song of southern virtue, Faulkner hummed with charm and generosity, and he marched to the strict cadence of Christianity, his beliefs marking every step in his life. Coming of age in the new century, he released his work As I Lay Dying
In Go Down, Moses, by William Faulkner, there is a reoccurring motif of the hunt that reflects on the unjust and unequal relationship between blacks and whites in American Southern life from slavery during pre-Civil War times to the continuing racism into the early 20th century after emancipation. The setting of “Was” starts out in the pre-Civil War period during the 1850s. The hunt in this story is a manhunt by Uncle Buddy and Uncle Buck of their slave, Tomey’s Turl, who has runoff to see a slave girl on another plantation.
As I Lay Dying by William Faulkner follows the Bundren family on their arduous journey to fulfill their dying mother's wish: to be buried with her family. Faulkner utilizes fifteen narrators, including Vardaman, the confused child, Addie, the dying mother, and objective characters such as the Tull family, to recount the details of the family's quest. Although death is a meaningful and somber topic, Faulkner reveals his opinion that death is an escape from the difficulties of life. Despite this grim subject matter, Faulkner uses irony and humor to effectively turn the novel into a dark comedy. Faulkner illustrates this dark humor through Addie's anticipation of her death, Anse's blatant ignorance toward his dying wife, and Vardaman's amusing confusion about death.
Furthermore, Feminist Criticism provides a better view of literature because it shows that women can be powerful. When Emilia finds out that her husband has been plotting an evil plan she says,” Tis proper I obey him, but not now”(Othello V.2.195). Emilia refuses to help her husband after she finds the cruel intentions he has despite the expectation of women always being submissive to their husbands. Women also have a voice and feelings, they are capable of defying their husbands commands when they know what he expects is simply wrong. In a literary article,The Role of Women in Othello: A Feminist Reading states that,” Society weighs heavily on the shoulders of women; they feel that they must support the men and defer to them, even if the actions of the men are questionable” (Literary Articles).
She is the one female character that challenges the standard of a southern, rural woman. Unlike Cora she isn’t obedient to her husband nor God. She cheated on her husband, Anse, with a minister and isn’t sexually satisfied by Anse. Addie isn’t happy with the traditional way of life of having a husband and kids, “So I took Anse. And when I knew that I had Cash, I knew that living was terrible…”
Religion in As I Lay Dying The time and setting during which the novel was written are very important for understanding William Faulkner’s As I Lay Dying. This novel was written in 1930 Mississippi; during this time Mississippi was very religious. Unsurprisingly, Christianity and religion also plays a big role in As I Lay Dying particularly through imagery and symbolism that connects different characters to religious figures, including Jesus Christ.
William Faulkner’s novel As I Lay Dying follows the Bundren family on a journey while it explores the subject of heroism and discusses its subjectivity. The family travels on an expedition to bury Addie, the deceased mother of the protagonist, Darl Bundren, and his siblings. As days continue to pass, however, the journey seemed interminable. During the adventure, the family takes a stop at Gillespie’s barn for the evening. While they rest Darl sets the barn, in which the coffin sits, ablaze.
In Shakespeare’s Othello and in Susan Glaspell’s Trifles women play an important role in the development of the plot. Shakespeare and Glaspell develop these women differently to enhance their message. In Othello, Emilia, Desdemona, and Bianca are all treated very poorly by their male counterparts.
Gender Equality is the only way forward. What is gender equality? Gender equality is achieved when all genders enjoy the same rights and opportunities across all sectors of society, including economic participation and decision-making, and when the different behaviors, aspirations and needs of women and men are equally valued and favored.