1. Introduction In the ancient world each society exercised different treatment towards women, today, unlike during the ancient world, women enjoy more freedom, rights, and equality. In this essay, the status of women in ancient Egypt will be compared to the status of women during ancient Rome. Academic sources will be relied on to provide the necessary actualities when one considers ancient civilisations. The legal status of women in society, the different roles that each unique region’s women played, and the possible education permitted and occupations available to these women will be discussed, as well as, their domestic atmospheres will be compared in this short essay to demonstrate the different treatment (if there were a difference) …show more content…
3. Domestic life and society Ancient Egyptian women and Roman women’s most important social role was that of managing a household, however, ancient Egyptian women were accorded a relatively high social status (Watterson 1991:23) and were not confined to the house (Robins 1993:113). They could take part in business activities (Watterson 1991:25), in contrast to Roman women, who had a very limited role in public life, and could not attend, speak in, or vote at political assemblies and could not hold any position of political responsibility or conduct their own business (Clarke 1981:206-207). Once Roman women were married they took on the social status of their husband and had a duty to look after the home, bear and nurture children (Gardner 1991:67). Women who could afford slaves had a life of more leisure, but the less fortunate women in both regions had to prepare their own food, clean their houses, and wash their clothes (Watterson …show more content…
Five professions were also possible, namely: priesthood, midwifery, mourning, dancing, and music, priesthood being the highest position conferred upon Egyptian women (Watterson 1991:38). Roman women were also dressmakers, nurses, midwifes, and could hold a religious position, that of a Vestal Virgin, priestess of the Roman goddess, Vesta (Clark 1981:198). It is evident that Roman women were relegated in society and led a more sheltered life compared to Egyptian women. 5. Conclusion When it came to women in ancient Egypt and ancient Rome, there is no denying that such a contrast between their statuses existed. Their positions and privileges in their respective societies differed, though Roman women were not confined to their homes and social status, they were throughout their lives subject to the authority of their fathers and husbands, unlike Egyptian women who did not require a male guardian to act on her behalf. Per conclusion, after comparing the different aspects of these women’s lives, it is evident, though they both did not share an equal status with the males in their society, ancient Egyptian women did enjoy more freedom and equal treatment, as opposed to ancient Roman
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The representation in the artifacts, and historical records for the Roman women depict more the idealistic view of Romans about the “perfect woman” how she should looks like, how she should be dressed and morally behave, presented in numerous statuses, pottery, mosaics, we don’t find numerous traces of presented the full face of the Roman women, form all layers of the social hierarchy, from the prostitutes, to the Nobel one, mostly we observe the image of more stylistically presented “ideal” for how the patriarchal Roman society depicted the
This paper will discuss the well-published work of, Pomeroy, Sarah B. Goddesses, Whores, Wives, and Slaves: Women in Classical Antiquity. New York: Schocken, 1975. Print. Sarah B. Pomeroy uses this book to educate others about the role women have played throughout ancient history. Pomeroy uses a timeline to go through each role, starting with mythological women, who were called Goddesses.
Women’s roles has changed dramatically throughout history. By looking at the lives of women, it would be possible to tell how the civilians at that specific period of time were living. In this paper, women’s lives in mainly three civilizations would be discussed, the Sparta, the Athens, and the Hellenistic era. In Sparta, women were needed to live at home, while their husbands remained in military barracks until the age thirty.
Different societies view women in different lights. Therefore, a woman’s position is greatly different from one society to the other. The societies in question do not necessarily have to exist at the same time. Even in the same time frame, two societies could exist, where one treat women as equals to men, and another that treats women differently than men, whether better or worse. The societies in question are: Mesopotamia, Greece, China, Rome & Europe, and this essay aims to study different societies’ viewpoints on women, and to compare and contrast them against each other.
During the Roman Republic and Roman Empire, women were restricted to domestic life in a male-dominated society. Egypt’s capital, Alexandria, formally passed into Roman rule in 80BC , and was the greatest of the Roman provincial capitals, with a population of 300,000. In comparison, the Italian city of Pompeii had a population of only 20,000. To examine the role of women in Roman society, I will need to investigate the literature that survived from the period. This essay will compare and contrast the role of women in Alexandria and Pompeii.
” Once the government’s disrespect for these people was shown, they lost a lot of respect for themselves, contributing to people’s anger and makes them distraught. Rome was a little different, though. They would accept almost anyone as a citizen (except for slaves or freed slaves.) Rome would allow children of freed slaves, and even women, and though they could not hold public office or vote, they could own their own property. This proves that they had some level of respect for women at least, very much unlike many other ancient civilizations including the Athenian.
Women play a vital role for the human population. Although women populate the earth with humans, women have little rights. During the 1500s and twentieth century, women had little rights in labor and productivity. Women often resided as housewives; caring for children, cooking and cleaning. Often, females did not receive proper education and forced to work in unsafe and sanitary working conditions, such as sweat factories or field work.
Women of the Medieval Times Women have always had a significant role in history even though they were treated horrible in most cases. During the Medieval Times was really the first time women were allowed to become more than just a house wife. The fight for equality has always been a struggle and even in today’s society is still an ongoing battle. Although women of lower and middle class were treated poorly in the Medieval Times, some powerful women held great responsibility and were looked up too by both men and children; despite being admired, “men were thought to be not only physically stronger but more emotionally stable, more intelligent, and morally less feeble” (Hopkins 5). “The position of women in the Medieval Society was greatly influenced by the views of the Roman Catholic Church” (Heeve).
Role of Women in Ancient Empires Throughout the modern world, we mention the concept of equality between men and women and try to equalize their positions in society. It is illogical for women to ask and try to prove that they are equal with men because equality is something that are already given to humanity, but contradicting the role of women by men is what created the gap between them. By looking at history, we can say that accomplishing that goal of making their position equal is not easy.
While ancient civilizations had commonly put their women in the lower level of the society, the Etruscans treated their women differently. Etruscan women are known to be taken seriously and enjoyed a great deal of freedom and equality with that of men. For instance, while most Roman societies considered symposiums, such as those that included festive drinking, sex and the involvement in the sharing of thoughts to be an all-man’s affair, it was not so among the Etruscans. Women in the Etruscan society are allowed to attend banquets, and share a toast with men, signifying how they are equally treated in the society. While historians have difficulty interpreting the literary works of the Etruscans, they shifted their focus on other archaeological
Zophy writes of women, “for the most part, did not have much of a “renaissance” ” (Zophy 3). In “The Family”, Alessandria, a woman attempts to connect her exiled soon with a prospective bride with the help of a man, only to fall short in her attempts. This reveals the power dynamics between men and women. Regardless of the gender, both men and women were married to each other with the parentings arranging the ordeal.
Thus, female sexual power was praised when working in the favor of a man, but resulted in a loss of social standing if it worked against a man’s or a family’s agenda, political or otherwise. This paper will examine how female sexual morality worked in this system of constantly changing allegiances and under which circumstances traditional morality was used or ignored. Moreover, the altered moral systems set in place ultimately lead to a glass-ceiling for female power in Ancient Rome even if some women could obtain power through using her sexuality or lack of sexuality. In Ancient Rome, elite women had much more freedom than those in many other cultures in the ancient world.
In the Greece civilization, ladies were not given a position, they were thought to be not as much as slaves. Rome’s general public was separated into
Over generations, the role of women in society has shifted and changed immensely, improving upon many aspects of rights and values that women have. The changes occurred gave women opportunities to provide ideas, to have the same rights as men, giving women freedom, leading to many contributions of many significant and valuable events. But from current roles of women being equal to those of men, how women stood in ancient society significantly differs and contrast with ours today. Throughout history, the role and significance of women were always outweighed by the dominance and influence of men. The role of women in ancient times varied throughout, depending on the place and area in the world, in which women had different roles and impacts on their own society.
In the Ancient world, much like today, each society exercised, according to their custom, different treatment towards women. Today, unlike in the Ancient world, women enjoy more freedom, rights, and equality. In this essay, the status of women in ancient Egypt will be compared to the status of women in ancient Rome. Academic sources will be relied on to provide the necessary actualities when one investigates ancient lives and cultures. The legal status of women in society, the different roles that each unique nation’s women played, and the possible education permitted and occupations available to these women will be discussed, as well as, their domestic atmospheres will be critically compared in this short essay to demonstrate the different treatment (if there were a difference) of women in both these imposing periods of ancient history.