During the pre-civil war time period— also known as the antebellum years— America experienced a widespread transformation for the sake of its economy. With the booming belief of the Manifest Destiny, America’s constant desire for westward expansion caused disputes between the North and the South regarding the establishment of free states and slave states, which led to certain compromises such as the Missouri Compromise. After the Market Revolution, the North and South used its new gained land to create different means of economic gains; the North became industrialized through manufacturing, while the South became an agricultural industry dependent on cotton. However, as America’s boundaries expanded, tensions between the North and South grew, often leading to compromises in bloodshed. The drastic differences between the two groups eventually transformed America into a divided nation of sectionalism economically, politically, and socially.
In a time, 1865 marked the end of Reconstruction of the North and the South after the Civil War. The start of the Second Industrial Revolution began with the invention of electrical power and mechanical engines. The United States expanded westward like never before with the creation of railroads, oil, and steel. The Election of 1896 marked a critical election when Republican William McKinley, United States President from 1897-1901, defeated his opponent in one of the most dramatic and complex elections in the young country’s history. Using the idea of American Imperialism, the United States aimed to spread their political, economic, and cultural control within the government over areas beyond their boundaries.
Industrialists were the cause of the Gilded Age. The Gilded Age was urbanization, industrializing, and moving west. They made a great impact on the United States of America because of the change of agriculture to industrialization. The major growth in society was because of the Industrialists moving away from farming to factories. Although the Gilded Age may seem like a clean cut time period on the outside, it was actually very destroyed underneath.
The American Civil War is one of the main events in American history, and maybe the most important one after the revolution of 1776 which created the United States. The Civil War was fought from 1861 to 1865 and we can say that in some way it determined the kind of nation that the United States would be. Out of the existing 34 states at the time, approximately 10 of them had withdrawn from the United States and formed the Confederacy. The Confederate States of America, or the “South”, consisted of slave states, were slavery was legal. The remaining states, or the “North”, formed the Union.
The emancipation proclamation was a preliminary issued by Abraham Lincoln on september 22nd 1862. Abraham Lincoln and the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment, which ended slavery in the United States, is a dramatic chapter of American history. The US Constitution, when it went into effect in 1789, had guaranteed the institution of slavery in America. In the early to mid-1800's, slavery became an increasingly divisive force in the country, with virtually the entire southern populace and many northern Democrats supporting it; and much of the North, particularly the Republican Party, opposing it. When Republican Abraham Lincoln was elected president in 1860, the South decided to secede from the Union rather than risk the potential loss of slavery.
After the Civil War, the United States shifted into a period of Reconstruction. While the effects of Reconstruction were very obvious in the South, they also had a significant impact on states in the North. Reconstruction In the years following the Civil War, the United States entered a decade-long period called Reconstruction. As you can probably imagine, the United States was quite literally 'reconstructed' during this time. With the North having won the Civil War, the radical Republicans in Washington, D.C., set about to implement the policies of Reconstruction.
The 19th century was the era of the Gilded Age, where the economy was booming, bringing great changes that affected the lives of workers and entrepreneurs. During this period, there was a large influx of immigrants that were coming to America to look for job opportunities. The migration of immigrants proved useful as a source for cheap labor, allowing an even higher rise in the U.S. economy. While American industrialization may have benefited the upper class of the American society, the effects were opposite to the workers of the lower classes. This problem was especially worse for immigrant workers as their belief in the so-called American dream has been worn down due to the misery they had to endure.
“Capitalism, a system of taking and giving – mostly taking” This is how the capitalistic system is portrayed in Michael Moore’s 2009 documentary, “Capitalism: A love story” where corruption is the new norm and the rich are more materialistic and profit driven than ever. Michael Moor’s attitudes towards capitalism are much alike those towards big corporations, like the one his father used to work in, as they will do anything in order to maximise profits and increase their equity at any cost. Moore talks about how there is no longer a middle class, only the lowest of the low who are forced into debt by the banks and are humiliated by them with no self-remorse or compassion and those who have it all, the money and power to do whatever they want
Furthermore, globalization also increases income inequality by favouring wealthy corporations as they have the resources to expand their businesses creating more profits. For instance, if a company moves production of a particular product to an economically disfavoured country, people in industrialised countries tend to lose their jobs, simultaneously creating job opportunities for the people in the developing country. Numerous individuals in this nation work for a menial pay contrasted with those in industrialized nations, henceforth, they frequently stay poor furthermore don't have adequate protection, for example, social and health insurance. While wealthy companies flourish, small businesses do not have the capital to grow globally and cannot compete in the market leading to a big gap in small business profits and big business profits. Also leading to a crowding after effect on small businesses and more income for the already wealthy corporations which exacerbates inequality between the poor and the rich.