The Underlying Cause The root of the First World War is widely argued among historians, but nationalism seems to be the most prevalent, as it was the origin cause of the other factors. From 1914 to 1918, millions of people died during a conflict on a global scale. The catalyst for this war was unarguably the assassination of Austrian-Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand, setting off a domino effect. This event was directly fueled by Slavic nationalism from the Serbian people, initiating global conflict. The amalgamation of factors at the beginning of the war included militarism, imperialism, alliances, and nationalism. Although all of these factors contributed to the start of World War I, nationalism was the most dominant, due …show more content…
Seen most in Germany, the new country became extremely aggressive due to its late arrival in European powers. As Bernhard Von Bulow stated in Document D, “in the coming century, the German people will be a hammer or an anvil,” and they were going to be the hammer in Europe. Direct evidence of all European powers putting a higher emphasis on their armies is then shown in Document C. From the years 1890-1914, the European powers spent millions of pounds, with Germany spending nearly three times their budget in 1914 than in 1890. Germany, now the most powerful military in Europe and next to no competition, had the option to take on anyone. With all these countries beginning to build their armies, the increase in tension builds, and when combined with the fear caused by a looming German army, once the spark happens in Austria-Hungary, war breaks out. However, this increase in military strength, not just from Germany but all of Europe, came from the main cause of nationalism. As stated again in Document D, Bulow states “[The Germans] We don't ever again want to become… the ‘slaves of humanity.’” German people no longer wanted to be taken advantage of and now have a newfound sense of patriotism for their new country and want to do their best to improve their power. Once Germany begins attacking Europe, the fear of invasion is taking hold, …show more content…
As stated before, nationalism is the mindset of wanting to improve one’s country better than anything else. Alliances in their simplest form are those of countries declaring their friendships for mutual benefit, whether it be goods, currency, or military. Nationalism directly caused countries to ally due to the possibility of their respective country’s growth in power or wealth. Eventually, almost every European country had alliances with each other, as seen in Document A, where the major European powers joined either the Allied or the Central Powers. Although most would think that this would be beneficial for its growth potential, it ended up shifting the regional battle into a global war. The consequence of Franz Ferdinand's assassination was a relatively small war between the two countries, but due to alliances, one country was fighting three, and vice versa. In Document B, the European countries in alliances are all shown pointing fingers at one another, signifying the domino effect that alliances had on the war. Because countries acquire benefits from leaguing with other countries, they side with them during a moment of need. Nationalism was what caused countries to ally for personal gain, thereby changing the war from a regional war to a global
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Alliances had been put in place in order to balance power and prevent a world war to ever happen. Alas, the conflict between Austria-Hungary and Serbia was not prevented at all. The conflict was what pushed forward the war and caused countries to call for more alliances. This had gotten more and more nations involved in what started as a small conflict to a war. Countries started declaring war on eachother until it was, what some might call, a bar fight.
Many factors played into the start of World War I like nationalism, the arms race, the lack of balance of power, Sebians assassinating the Archduke of Austria-Hungary, and alliances, but there is one big cause you can argue that started the war. Tension between and within countries caused leaders of the countries and groups to spark rebellions of the groups, and one thing after another a World War was on their hands. Germany's tensions between France and Russia started alliances. Serbia had sparked the first rebellion by trying to gain independence from the mother country Austria. Europe was thought to be in a strong position, but at the end of 1918 the position was reduced.
(Doc. 2). These two factors alone started a build up to the long, world war that would soon take place. (OI). Militarism, the concept of glorifying the military, often accompanied nationalism, mainly because it resulted from it. Nationalistic countries
The underlying causes of the World War I were militarism, nationalism, and imperialism. Militarism, the glorification of the military, was one of the major causes of World war I. People thought that the military was important to civilians and should be respected and glorified. It was an arms race. The more one nation built its militaries, the more the other nations felt that they had to do the same. According to the graph The Growth in Armaments, Germany had one of the greatest armament increases.
Most of Europe started to imperialize and it started to become a race. Each country has over 1 million colonies, based on Document F. In Document B the countries are all blaming each other for “breaking the peace”, with Austria and Slovenia pointing their fingers at each other. With each country racing to colonize other countries it became such a big competition, that countries started to fight over the colonies. Each country wanted more and more land, as it contributed to the amount of power they had. The assassination of Austria-Hungary’s Archduke Francis Ferdinand was known to cause the war because there was already an ongoing feud between the Austrians and the Slavic people.
Although the direct cause of WW1 is seen to be the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand on the 28th of June 1914, the four main factors of World War 1 were militarism, alliances, imperialism and nationalism. Great Britain had a large navy and Germany wanted to have a large navy as well. This resulted in Germany and France competing to build a larger army and between 1870 and 1914 all major powers, apart from Great Britain and United States, doubled the size of their army. Alliances within Europe were meant to promote peace and were seen as a reason to not engage in war however a single argument between two countries (Austria-Hungary and Serbia) meant that all allied nations were required to join the fight, this is exactly what happened
Underlying Cause of WWI The war had numerous claimed reasons for the cause of World War 1. People claimed these three reasons, Militarism, Alliances, and Imperialism for having created this extensive conflict. Multiple individuals have declared that Militarism, Alliances, and Imperialism were the foremost options people viewed as the dispute cause.
Many countries involved in World War I failed to see how they could have avoided conflict. and in many cases, some countries should have been held responsible for the cause of World War I. The war started with the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand at the hands of the Black Hand a Serbian nationalist group. After the assassination Of the Archduke, the war advanced with the two countries Austria- Hungary and Serbia too prideful to admit that they could come to a peaceful solution to solve the conflict Both countries ´ had allies that joined the war and those countries' allies joined the war.
There were a variety of underlying causes in World War I. They were militarism, alliances, nationalism, and a mix of imperialism. Before the war Nations started to build up their arms (DBQ: What Were the Underlying Causes of World War 1, 2010, Doc 7) making a competition for dominance, and alliances are formed making powerful armies. Nations produced propaganda infuriating the citizens and giving the pride in their nation which led to nationalism. Nationalism is a patriotic feeling for your nation, causing new literature relating to the war, for example this poem “When Britain first at Heaven's command Arose from out the azure Main; This was the charter of the land, And guardian angels sand this strain;...
Most alliances were signed in private and not all details were told to the public. The secretive nature caused other countries to be suspicious. As the large nations banded together in many different alliances for different reasons, they built relationships and gained resources needed to go to war. Alliances were a major reason the war became bigger. If there hadn’t been alliances, the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand would have only cause a war between Serbia and Austria-Hungary.
They as well started to prepare their army, and soon all of Europe was at war. If these large alliances were not formed, two countries would have been fighting their own war, instead of causing a world war. Nationalism helped create these alliances, each country thought they we’re better than each other, this created huge amounts of distrust. To better protect their interests, and to have more security, they joined each other into an alliance
The Causes of the First World War Carmen There were quite a few causes of the first world war (WW1). The long-term causes were the militarism, alliance system, imperialism and nationalism- MAIN. The short-term cause was the fact that Austria-Hungary blamed Serbia for killing Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife. I personally think the most significant cause to WW1 is the alliance system and here, I will justify why I think like this. I think the most significant cause of WW1 was the alliance system.