And in Holt’s article, he chose to talk about how he feels that schools in general are causing more harm than good for how kids learn and think in an educational environment. Holt chose to go into great detail and even provide a list of solutions that he believe could change the public school system for the better. Overall, both of these articles touch on a similar subject just from different angles and they both provide evidence or a personal account to support their findings. However, when it comes to education there is no denying that something needs to change to our current education system. Holt believes that the current education system is doing more harm that it is good to children.
Martha Peraza SOC 3340 Inequality in Education California State University, Bakersfield Abstract In the United States, there exists a gap in equality for different demographics of students. The factors contributing to educational disadvantages include socioeconomic struggles, gender of students, language or culture, and particularly for the scope of this paper, race. Racial inequality in education is predominant in black students and is perpetuated further by educators. A theory that explains this could be the “hidden curriculum” theory which conditions students to believe that their cultural backgrounds must be silenced to resemble the model white student. Studies show that training educators in cultural sensitivity and establishing trust between students and teachers allows students from varying cultural backgrounds to improve in classroom settings.
The literature review clearly has shown that there is a phenomenon called School to Prison, Schoolhouse to Jailhouse, or Public Education to Prison Pipeline. Therefore, Jeremy Thompson (2016) says, “Zero-tolerance policies in schools result in high suspension rates and expulsion rates among students in general, but disproportionately affect minority students, especially African-Americans because students who have been suspended or expelled are more likely than not to end up in the Criminal Justice
As a result they subvert the schools culture to gain access to a higher status. Some also argue that anti-school subcultures are used as a coping strategy for the constraints placed on the different group. These different processes result in individuals being disruptive and challenging due to the subverted culture, which leads to them being excluded from the institution, creating inequalities within class. Teacher expectations within educational institutions can also impact social groups achievement. Becker talks about the ideal students.
Added to its many awful qualities, Catherine Bradshaw writes in her article, that bullying should be viewed as a public health concern. She highlights the use of PBIS or Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports to apply in schoolwide intervention programs. This is a three-tiered program focusing on three elements: academics, behavioral, and environmental conditions where problems can occur. Schools teach “Be respectful, responsible, and ready to learn”, rewarding those who demonstrate these qualities. Bradshaw also states that PBIS can and should be integrated to support existing anti-bullying preventive
I applaud the American Evaluation Association (AEA) in taking a strong stance on the deleterious effects of high stakes testing, especially going so far as to promulgate their reasons and concerns. It is obvious from the statement that the AEA supports the importance of testing and accountability in improving education, but finds the current testing manipulation environment to be harmful for any positive improvements in education. Specifically, how the monolithic testing focus has increased dropout rates, created cultural insensitivity, turned the community against teachers and administrators, and driven curriculum writing with a myopic focus, of teaching to the test. In addition, the AEA highlights other adverse effects of narrowing the focus
Special Needs Paper Social Needs Description of the School to Prison Pipeline Unfair punishments and policies in a school setting ultimately disenfranchise minority youth of their civil rights and liberties. In the case of the “school to prison pipeline”, minority youths’ right to an education is being violated, creating a social need for developing healthy and fair discipline procedures (Porter, 2015). This social need can be addressed by properly assessing minority youth who display unacceptable behavior. Instead of using extreme punishment, such as expulsion and out of school suspensions to deflect inappropriate behavior, other methods can be set in place such as counseling sessions or after school programs geared towards encouraging appropriate behavior. The social injustice of the “school to prison pipeline” violates the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) Code of Ethics, particularly as it relates to the core value of social justice (National Association of Social Workers, 2008).
This study primarily focuses on the need for school leaders to adopt greater racial awareness through the use of composing racial autobiographies. Gooden and O’Doherty present this as a pedagogical tool in shifting away from racial unconsciousness and colour blindness. The findings from this study outlines participants own disregard to race prior to composing their racial autobiographies. It also further indicates that self-reflection; and being conscious of how our beliefs and perceptions of others with regards to race can shape decision-making, which is imperative for leaders who seek cultural responsiveness. This does however have its limitations, as it seems to develop awareness more so rather than a direct practical application,
The course will address the following topics: 1. Eradicating the achievement gap in schools in high poverty communities. The achievement gap is often misunderstood leading to ineffective strategies for addressing this issue. The first thing that has to be understood concerning the achievement gap is that it is not merely an academic issue that can be extinguished through academic strategies alone. The achievement gap is an outcome of the whole child; genetics, temperament, environment, and life experiences.
The effect of discrimination on Muslim students’ psychology and educational success is a crucial issue to be researched. Therefore, my paper will outline the triggering factors of prejudice against Muslim students, describe the influences of emerged discrimination and discuss in which ways their vulnerable situation can be enhanced. Because of negative stereotypes of Islam in media and curriculum, Muslim students face discrimination by their educators and other students, which brings about problems with their psychology and educational success. However, these problems of Muslim students can be avoided by changing policies in educational institutions to help them and by curriculum that is sensitive towards
Zero-tolerance policies will teach children how society works - when you make bad choices, you will have bad outcomes. Parents and administrative claim that it’s important to keep these policies in schools because they help maintain a safe environment, while teaching students unacceptable behavior is (Sellors). “ Zero-tolerance policies remove difficult students quickly,” said Sellors. After these students are removed from a schools, it is harder for them to get into another school. Although some students who are expelled from school are offered an alternative education at disciplinary schools, those schools fail to provide a “meaningful education” (ACLU).