Disaccharide Essays

  • Monosaccharides Research Paper

    857 Words  | 4 Pages

    Disaccharides There are three dietary monosaccharides called glucose, fructose, and galactose. Monosaccharides are single-ring structures, and they form the basic building blocks for more complex sugars, such as disaccharides. Disaccharides are referred to as double sugars because they are made from a combination of two monosaccharides. In dehydration synthesis, water is removed and two monosaccharides become a disaccharide. Dehydration Synthesis, or condensation reaction, is when we can take these

  • Why People Become Overweight

    1892 Words  | 8 Pages

    Why People Become Overweight The main purpose of consuming food is to live. A variety of food is getting into our stomach for various purposes. Our body will use protein in the food to regenerate lean tissue and will convert carbohydrate into energy or fat to protect organs. Any surplus of food that is not used by the body will be converted into extra fat that will be placed in places like liver cells, muscle cells and heart cells. Overweight and obesity are not just the problem for high-income

  • Ninhydrin Test Report

    811 Words  | 4 Pages

    Amino acids are known as the building blocks of all proteins that consists of 20 amino acids which are found in within proteins convey a vast array of chemical versatility. Amino acids are comprised of a carboxyl group and an amino group that attached to the same carbon atom which is the α carbon. They vary in size, structure, electric charge and solubility in water because of the variation in their side chains (R groups). Detection, quantification and identification of amino acids in any sample

  • Amylase Enzyme Lab Report

    833 Words  | 4 Pages

    mechanical digestion begins, amylase digest the long, starch polysaccharide molecules found in food and breaks them down into smaller, simpler disaccharide molecules known as maltose. Maltose still needs to be digested further for absorption to take place in the small intestine. So, the enzyme maltase breaks maltose down into glucose. Other disaccharides are broken down by other carbohydrase enzymes. Carbohydrates (starch)are broken down in the oral cavity by saliva amylose. They are made up of 3

  • Unit 4 Macromolecules Essay

    1152 Words  | 5 Pages

    cellular to work. But the carbon skeleton works on the row material for synthesis of all different verities of small organic molecules. For example amino acids and fatty acids. Such sugar molecules that are not immediately used are incorporated into disaccharides and polysaccharides. Glucose which is a monosaccharide has a structure of rings. To form a glucose ring, carbon 1 bonds to the oxygen which is attached to carbon

  • Simple Sugar Research Paper

    600 Words  | 3 Pages

    Yum! Sugar is a delicious and savory substance that is hard for almost everyone to resist, but most forms are quite unhealthy for your body. Sugars are classified as carbohydrates and is a generic term for multiple types and categories of sugar, such as simple or complex, fructose, glucose and sucrose. The first type of sugar is a simple sugar. Simple sugars are made up of one molecule, also known as monosaccharides, like fructose and glucose. An example of a monosaccharide is fructose, which

  • Digestion Research Paper

    698 Words  | 3 Pages

    Digestion is a form of catabolism process of breaking down food physically and chemically large food molecules in to smaller components. Chemically digestion is carried out using enzymes and hormones with in different segments of the digestive tract. The presence of enzymes in the digestive tract helps breakdown polymeric biomolecules into individual monomers. This process is crucial for surviving because cells cannot use nutrients the way they were consumed without being metabolized. Nutrients need

  • Macromolecules Lab Report

    1486 Words  | 6 Pages

    lab is to use control variables to help identify different macromolecules. Biological systems are made up of these four major macromolecules: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids. Carbohydrates are sugar molecules (monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides) which make them the most abundant macromolecule on the earth. Lipids (oils and fats, phospholipids and steroids) are insoluble in water and perform many functions such as energy source, essential nutrients, hormones and insulators

  • Milk Protein Digestion Essay

    1011 Words  | 5 Pages

    about and tasting food, prior to further digestion of food in the stomach. Break down of milk begins in the mouth where salivary glands secrete salivary amylase and lipase. Salivary amylase initiates the hydrolysis of long carbohydrate chains to disaccharides and polysaccharides. Salivary lipase begins the hydrolysis of triglycerides to glycerides and free fatty acids. Milk moves through the esophagus by peristalsis. Enzymes are not secreted in the esophagus and digestion does not take place here. Milk

  • Beta Galactosidase Lab Report

    494 Words  | 2 Pages

    active site is precisely shaped to hold specific substrates. Beta-galactosidase is one of the three genes in the lac operon. A lac operon is an operon required for the digestion of lactose in bacteria cells. B-galactosidase converts lactose, a disaccharide, into glucose and galactose, monosaccharides. The substrate for beta-galalactoside is ortho-nitrophenyl-B-galactoside. ONPG is structured similarly to lactose. The purpose of the experiment was to add a competitive inhibitor to observe if the reaction

  • Biology Multiple Choice Question

    1144 Words  | 5 Pages

    Principles of Human Physiology, 4e (Stanfield) Chapter 2 The Cell: Structure and Function 2.1 Multiple Choice Questions Figure 2.1 Using Figure 2.1, answer the following questions: 1) Which of the following nucleotide sequences accurately reflects the mRNA that would be produced from the double-stranded DNA pictured in Figure 2.1? A) TGTCTCACTGTCTTG B) ACAGAGTGACAGAAC C) UGUCUCACUGUCUUG D) ACAGAGUGACAGAAC E) GTTCTGTCACTCTGT Answer: C Diff: 5 Page Ref: 26 1 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc

  • St. Dalfour Research Paper

    1282 Words  | 6 Pages

    The food I have chosen is ‘St. Dalfour Spreads’ with cranberry and blueberry preserve. According to the description from the website of this product, St. Dalfour do not contain any added sugar, only the natural sweetness or concentrated grape juice. There are no additives, colourings, flavourings, or preservatives, just 100% fruit, making St. Dalfour spreads ideal for those with special dietry requirements. There are several of minerals contain in this spread such as protein, lipid, carbohydrate

  • Reducing Sugar Experiment

    1537 Words  | 7 Pages

    ANALYSIS REDUCING SUGARS From the observations obtained within the experiment, it can be concluded that only whipping cream and corn syrup tested positive for reducing sugars. However, it was hypothesized that in addition to whipping cream and corn syrup, the flour solution would also contain reducing sugars. This did not prove to be accurate as when it was tested with the Benedict 's solution, no evident change was recorded. Further research was conducted in order to determine why certain substances

  • Carbohydrates Research Paper

    1735 Words  | 7 Pages

    synthesize carbohydrates from amino acids, but most are derived ultimately from plants. Glucose is the most important carbohydrate; most dietary carbohydrate is absorbed into the bloodstream as glucose formed by hydrolysis of dietary starch and disaccharides, and

  • Cellular Respiration In Yeast Research Paper

    732 Words  | 3 Pages

    Saccharomyces Cerevisiae (yeast)is a single cell eukaryotic organism that is a fungi. It digests food to obtain energy for growth and gets it mostly from sugars like sucrose, fructose and glucose and maltose. When sugar is present, yeast conducts fermentation to produce alcohol and carbon dioxide by creating a chemical energy.In yeast, high sugar concentrations and high specific growth rates trigger alcoholic fermentation, even under fully aerobic conditions. It is commonly used to leaven bread

  • Amylase Lab Report

    755 Words  | 4 Pages

    (breaks down) starch and glycogen into more simple and readily digestible forms of sugar (glucose). Commercially available Amylase solutions can be easily used to breakdown complex carbohydrates (e.g. starch) into simpler forms of sugars (e.g. disaccharides and monosaccharaides). Copper Sulphate can block the activity of Amylase, which is a known non-competitive irreversible enzyme inhibitor. The light absorbent method can be used to study this phenomenon of breakdown and blockade of breakdown of

  • Complex Food

    1776 Words  | 8 Pages

    Presence of glucose, proteins and fats in foods Introduction- Complex foods are eaten on a daily basis, which contain mixtures of carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Glucose (also known as dextrose) is one of a group of carbohydrates known as simple sugars or monosaccharides. Glucose has a molecular formula C6H12O2. It is mainly found in fruits and honey and is the main free sugar circulating in the blood of higher animals. Glucose is the source of energy in cell function, and regulation of its metabolism

  • Carbohydrates Role In Cell

    774 Words  | 4 Pages

    and many vegetables. Complex carbohydrates tend to have higher amounts of fiber than simple carbohydrates. They also contain healthy amounts of vitamins and minerals. Monosaccharides dissolve in water and are very sweet tasting. Lactose is a disaccharides. Complex carbohydrates include starches, glycogen, cellulose, and chitin. Many plants store their energy in starches, which we consume in the form of vegetables such as potatoes, and then use the energy as we digest the food. Animals store their

  • The Digestive System: The Digestive System In The Human Body

    957 Words  | 4 Pages

    In the human body, one of the essential systems is the digestive system, which breaks down the foods what we eat into nutrients such as proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins and fats. The bloodstream would be absorbed by them. Therefore, it provides the body with energy, repair and growth. Also, the three types of processes that food passes through in the human body are digestion, absorption and elimination. The digestive system prepares the body cells for nutrients through six activities: Ingestion

  • Constipation Research Paper

    828 Words  | 4 Pages

    CONSTIPATION DURING PREGNANCY: A condition in which there is difficulty in emptying bowel for less than 3 times a week associated with dry and hardened stool. About 50% of pregnant women suffer from constipation during any their pregnancy period predominantly in 1st and 3rd trimesters. SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS: • Dry and hardened stool • Few bowel movements • Abdominal pain and swollen abdomen • Vomiting • Straining (trouble in passing feaces.) WHAT CAUSES CONSTIPATION DURING PREGNANCY: • PROGESTERONE