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    process of human behaviour, Sigmund Freud developed three concepts- Id, Ego and Superego, which are primordial in the understanding of the human mind (McLeod, 2013). While each of these three concepts has a different role to play in the life of the major characters, notably Hamlet, Gertrude, Claudius or Ophelia, this essay will discuss how each of these characters are led to their downfall because of the manifestation of their Id, and attempts to repress their inner desires and resolve the conflict

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    Psychological Resistance In more detail, A.S Byatt’s Possession is redolent of certain aspects of Freudian psychology, more specifically, repression. In this novel the reader becomes aware of the undertakings of the main character Roland Mitchell not only because of growing up in a society filled with a “ pretty blank day” but because of growing up in the hands of a drunken mother. A.S Byatt writes that “[H]e thought himself as a latecomer” and adds: He (Roland) had arrived too late for

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    William Golding’s Lord of the Flies demonstrates how Ralph’s use of his id gradually overrides his use of his ego as time passes on the island due to the innate instincts in humans. Golding uses the fire, conch shell, and Ralph’s hair to show how Ralph transitions from primarily using his ego to using his id more often to finally having his id take precedent over his ego and superego. When the boys are first stranded on the island after the plane crashes, Ralph emerges as a leader for the boys,

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    Tell me. What did you do” (Seuss). But, the children gave no answer, which is typically not normal for a child to not answer. With that being said, the children reflect their structural model of personality, the ego. It was said that the ego has the id and superego on its shoulder telling it right and wrong (NCTE). During the story, the fish, which is the superego, is like a parent figure but to a limit because after all, he is a fish. For example, “the superego dictate our belief of right and wrong”

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    the last part of the essay will be evaluating the critics of both theories by comparing. Sigmund Freud developed his theory on five psychosexual stages. He even believed that the human personality consisted of three interworking part. They are the id, the ego and the superego. According to his theory these three parts become are very much lined to each other while they work through

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    Keeping these things in mind, Holden Caulfield is presented much like the author. Caulfield has a very immature attitude that fall under the category of Ego-Defensive. The Ego-Defensive category has four subcategories within itself called; denial, repression, projective, and rationalization, that are labeled as defense mechanisms through psychological lenses. According to McGraw-Hill’s Dictionary of Modern Medicine, denial is the “primitive–ego defense–mechanism by which a person unconsciously negates

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    The id is an important part of our personality because it allows us to get our basic needs met and is based on our pleasure principle. In other words, the id wants whatever feels good at the time, with no consideration for the reality of the situation. For example, when a child is hungry shows that the id wants food and therefore the child cries. When the child needs to be changed, the id cries. When the child is uncomfortable or just wants attention, the id speaks up until his

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    Jack vs. Piggy: Freud’s Model of the Psyche Applied to Lord of the Flies The father of psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud developed a theory that divides the human psyche into three parts: Id, Ego, and Superego. In the novel Lord of the Flies, author William Golding reflects Freud’s model in the main characters of the story. Lord of the Flies is the story of a band of schoolboys from various prestigious Catholic schools that get stranded on an uninhabited island in the middle of the Pacific. The boys

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    characters are Darin (Dough boy), Ricky (Darin’s brother), and Tre. In this this film there are many schools of criminology’s that help explain the roots of the criminality portrayed. The positive school which include the concepts of eugenic criminology, ID, Ego, Superego, modeling theory, mesomorph and positive reinforcement I believe explains the criminality in the film exceptionally well. The film begins when their still children and all but Tre has a father figure around. Although Tre’s parents are

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    “The Lord our God is merciful and forgiving, even though we have rebelled against him”, Daniel 9:9. In the Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthorne portrays Hester Prynne as a kind, strong, and humble character. Although as Hester sins, this does not define her as a person or take away from her value as a person. Hester is a humble person throughout the entire book because she is always caring nice and honest. As Hester is appointed for adultery and admits to it, she is completely honest and doesn’t lie

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    Defined by Frederick S. Frank as ‘a second self or alternate identity, sometimes, but not always, a physical twin’, the doppelganger, or the double, has been a recurring theme in literature for centuries (1987:435). The themes that occur in literature tend to reflect the interests and attitudes of the society and time period from which they originate, and whilst the popularity of the doppelganger motif has remained constant over the past few centuries, the depiction and interpretation of doubles

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    In F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel, The Great Gatsby, there are many important characters, some alike and some different. Two characters who are both different and alike at the same time are Tom Buchanan and George Wilson. Fitzgerald gives the reader a lot of information about how Tom and George are very different from each other. One can interpret many different things that Fitzgerald may be trying to convey about the nature of men. Based on how he portrays Tom and George’s actions it helps to show

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    Numerous children are stranded on an island due to a plane crash and are fighting to stay alive and be rescued. In the following paragraphs, it's explained how Jacks savage ways and oblivious mind set creates his disbelieving behavior as to why he doesn't care about being rescued. In The Lord Of The Flies, William Golding creates a psychological allegory through the development of Jack character and the symbolism of fire to uncover the fact that as people disregard logic and their needs in order

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    obsessed with the material life, and to finally become a ferryman. Siddhartha does not have one constant in his life, besides himself and his beliefs. He goes from one-day fasting and begging for food to a gambling addiction in the material world. The ID finally reaches Siddhartha. He listens and feeds his material desires in these chapters. Siddhartha relies on material items instead of his beliefs. Such as, he needs to make money... he needs to gamble… he needs to learn love from Kamala. All this

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    Oscar Wilde was an advocator and practitioner of artistic aestheticism, insisting that art should not be related with morality. He exerted every effort to write according to his aesthetic principles. Characters in his works are all transcendence over ethical reality, whether characters in his fairy tales such as the happy prince, the nightingale, the giant, the fisherman or Dorian in his novel The Dorian Gray or Salome in his drama Salome. The Victorian Era is an era full of contradictions and

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    In Machiavelli’s The Prince, Machiavelli explains to Lorenzo De Medici that a ruler must have the characteristics of a lion or a fox, and must be willing to break their word when it suits their purpose in order to be effective. I believe that Machiavelli is correct, a leader must be beast-like to be effective, and willing to break their word for the greater good. In the next few paragraphs I will discuss how a Prince must have traits that resemble a lion in order to be effective. Then I will relate

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    Calculated killer or delusional madman? In the story, the “Tell-Tale-Heart” by Edgar Allan Poe, the main character (a man) wants to kill an old man because of his blue vulture’s eye, which he assumes is evil. Throughout the story, the murderer denies his madness, saying that is simply because of his “sharpened” senses that he hears things in both heaven and hell. The story takes place in an old man’s room, and, little by little, the main character leads the reader through his calculated scheme to

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    Styles of parenting investigated for many years and it is considered important predictors of the child and adolescents development (Weber, Selig, Bernardi, & Salvador, 2006). Those styles of parenting are the set of behaviors that parents used for the socialization process in different cultures (Kobarg, Vieira, & Vieira, 2010). John Bowlby was concerned with finding the nature, implication and utility of a child’s connection to his parent (Bowlby, 1982). The theory had clinical observations of childre

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    THEORY OF PERSONALITY Psychoanalytic theory is an approach that initially appeared in three major psychological approach. Two other approach is the approach behavior and a humanitarian approach (humanistic). At the point of view of philosophy, this approach has put forward the concept of joy. Freud claimed that someone normal people is that they can enjoy life with love and work.The concept of joy expressed by Freud can be elaborated again ,where there are other aspects to obtain nudity, eliminate

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    Harry Sullivan’s Theory of Interpersonal Relations in Characterizing Nora’s Personality in Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll's House Dr. Abdullah H. Kurraz Department of English Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Al-Azhar University – Gaza. Palestine e-mail: abdhk99@yahoo.com Abstract This paper sheds light on the psychological aspects of the character of Nora in Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll's House in the light of Harry Sullivan’s theory of interpersonal relations, which focuses on human relationships and their role

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