William Golding’s Lord of the Flies demonstrates how Ralph’s use of his id gradually overrides his use of his ego as time passes on the island due to the innate instincts in humans. Golding uses the fire, conch shell, and Ralph’s hair to show how Ralph transitions from primarily using his ego to using his id more often to finally having his id take precedent over his ego and superego. When the boys are first stranded on the island after the plane crashes, Ralph emerges as a leader for the boys, partially due to his strong display of his ego. After Jack, Ralph, and Simon have explored the island Ralph calls a meeting where he says “I’ll give the conch to the next person to speak,” exhibiting how the conch represents order(33). By saying that …show more content…
Ralph’s leadership over the boys begins to wane and his control over the boys is not as solid as when the boys first arrived on the island. At the meeting Jack calls to discuss what occurred on the mission to investigate the beast on the mountain, Jack asks “who thinks Ralph oughtn’t be chief?” questioning Ralph’s ability to lead(127). The “near-white, and transparen[t],” conch shell is representative of the breakdown in order and how Ralph’s leadership is on shaky grounds(78). On the investigation to find the beast, Ralph uses his id as opposed to his ego when he participates in hurting Robert when Robert is pretending to be a pig . If Ralph had been using his ego, he would have been aware that their time should be spent looking for the beast instead of playing games, but Ralph was using his id which would urge him to follow his “desire to squeeze and hurt,” as he could do in the game with Robert(115). Ralph’s “mass” of “filthy hair,” is reflective of his savagery that he displays in the game(109). When Piggy and Ralph are talking after Jack leaves the pig head as a gift for the beast, Ralph admits that the boys do not care about keeping the fire going and that “[he] don’t sometimes,”(139). His lack of use of his ego is seen here because he is becoming increasingly unaware of how the smoke from the fire is needed to get rescue from the outside world. Since Ralph is no longer as focused on the fire and how it means rescue, the fire is a symbol of his increased disinterest in getting rescued. He still is attempting to stay aware of reality, but despite these efforts his mental clarity and leadership are in
In the novel Lord of The Flies, author William Golding portrays three aspects about human nature: bad leadership can disembody a group’s oneness, lack of authority and civilization causes decrease in moral value, and a savage mentality influences unlawful acts. Since Ralph is voted leader, he gives off the impression that he has areas of weakness and there was an abundance of improvement to be made. His lacking of leadership skills is eventually revealed and creates a thought of doubt for the boys and himself. In his reign as leader his most prized possession became the conch, which represented the most powerful and authoritative individual within the group. Though the conch stands for authority and gives a sense of organization, individuals
Since Ralph was scared of the savages killing him, he took matters into his own hands and decided the only way to save himself was to kill the savages trying to kill him. Ralph starts to develop animal characteristics such as launching himself like a cat and he was snarling at the savages (195). These are not normal actions for Ralph. He represents civilization, meaning that he acts like a civil person who chooses to be reasonable and calm. Since he was fearful of the savages, he started to develop animalistic characteristics and lost all sense of
12 ego “…demonstrates that he too can be carried away by mad frenzy ” (81). This furtherreinforces the role of Ralph as a human fighting against the forces of good and evil, female andmale, and rule-utilitarianism and egoism. On the one hand, Ralph understands that followingrule-utilitarian principles keeps them in order and in line with the outside world, of which theyare no longer a part. On the other hand, hunting is “ jolly good fun ” (Golding 142). Thefrustrations of trying to get the group of boys to follow his orders become too much for Ralph to bear.
He is helpful and caring towards the other boys and relates to their normal human actions. Later, however, Ralph grows apart from Piggy, which is the good side, and grows closer to Jack, the bad side of human nature. The ego of the human personality is represented through Ralph; he must compromise between the attitude of Jack, following under the id category, and the superego thoughts of Piggy. Jack believes that he should have the freedom to do what wants and it doesn’t matter what the outcome is,while Piggy believes that decisions made on the island should be logical and they should follow the rules of the regular word. After the death of Piggy, deciding what to do next is hard for Ralph.
The Lord of the Flies, written by William Golding, is a book where a group of boys end up stranded on a deserted island; leaving them to form their own society. Ralph goes through a significant transformation of his character throughout the story. He is portrayed as a mature leader, confident, and charismatic. However, Ralph’s experiences cause his character to become more complex. There were many challenges that Ralph faced in the novel.
“Let him be the chief, the one with the trumpet thing”. The kids on the island had to choose a chief, someone who would help them if needed, someone who is brave and caring. Their options were either Jack or Ralph. To begin with, Jack was a strict leader; he would force the kids to wear their uniforms and listen to him. Granted, he thought that he was always right and demanded the kids to obey him and respect him.
In Lord of the Flies, William Golding uses items and people to symbolize many different things. These symbolic things include Piggy’s glasses, Simon’s epilepsy, the Lord of the Flies, and arguably the most important symbol, the conch shell. The conch shell was first found in the water by Piggy, who then comes up with the idea of using the conch as a blow horn to call for meetings. Throughout Lord of the Flies, the conch shell becomes not only associated with Ralph and his leadership, but with Piggy and his intuitive and wise ideas and Jack and his dictator-like, irresponsible authority. The conch shell, representing law and order, assisted in the election of Ralph as chief and ultimately determines the future of the island.
At first glance, Ralph is a central character who starts and completes William Golding novel The Lord of the Flies. From the onset of the novel, he is described as a “fair boy” with an “attractive appearance” (p7, 29). The author compares his stature as that of a boxer, “as far as width and heaviness of shoulders went, but there was a mildness about his mouth and eyes that proclaimed no devil” (p11). He has the physique and presence of a typical leader – strong but with a kind heart that makes him trustworthy.
In The Lord of the Flies William Golding explains in both an innocent yet precise manner the way the rules and laws of civilization disintegrate and loss all value in the face of disorganization and anarchy. Out of all the characters in this dystopic novel, none stand out as much as the main protagonist Ralph. Although all the characters in this novel progress despite being directly in the face of disorganization changes drastically, none do so as Ralph does who must maintain balance and order despite his age and the rebellious nature of the boys. This makes Ralph an extremely relatable character expressly among those who’ve had to lead a rowdy group and to those who’ve had to act as an older brother or sister to others. The situation presented to Ralph in The Lord of the Flies allows him to express as well as develop his skills and qualities of leadership, charisma, and his determent attitude to being rescued.
Ralph is first introduced as the fair boy who is a natural born leader. He applies Piggy’s intelligence to think of a way to summon the other survivors on the island. Ralph follows through with Piggy’s idea and uses the conch which emits a loud sound that can be hear through the island. The sound eventually lures the group of boys towards them. His leader instincts are best portrayed when he’s able to side with Jack after offering to share his power: “The suffusion drained away from Jack’s face.
After the boys catch their first glimpse at what they imagined was the beast, Jack calls his own assembly to address the issue. As Jack leads his own meeting instead of Ralph, he immediately exerts this new authority in an attempt to overthrow Ralph as chief, exclaiming, “He’s like Piggy. He says things like Piggy. He isn 't a proper chief,” (Golding 92).
Lord of the Flies, by William Golding, is a novel that revolves around the concept of civilization versus savagery. The boys argue about points that eventually split the boys amongst themselves. These disputes come up multiple times over the course of the novel. One of which being the fight over the leader of the boys. Some believed the leader should be Jack while others believed it should be Ralph.
William Golding’s The Lord of the Flies is not just a book about children stranded on an island, but is instead about the collapse of order when chaos is common. More specifically, it is about Ralph’s struggles to decide between being a savage or maintaining stability. Ralph often feels a strong desire to participate in the savagery that Jack’s group practices throughout his time on the island.
Jack is always wanting to go hunting and have a more savage “tribe”, while Ralph wishes to keep the group civilized and neat. Because they both have contrary beliefs, they butt heads and disagree very often. Readers can see this play out when a few boys (Including Ralph and Jack, who’re the main two arguing) who went off to decide if they need to let Piggy know what’s going on. “Jack cleared his throat and spoke in a queer, tight voice. ‘We mustn’t let anything happen to Piggy, must we?’”
Ralph’s realization of power shift, loss of innocence, and whom he considers a friend changed. He learned the effects of jealousy and fear that lead to murder and betrayal. Most of the boys betrayed him and joined Jack, teaching Ralph the lesson of who his friends are. He learned Piggy may look different, but in the end, he had the most loyalty and reason. Jack’s envy of Ralph led to his outburst his disrespect for the boys’ right of speech and the animals’ right to live.