Top-down and bottom-up design Essays

  • Disadvantages Of Flashcards

    1903 Words  | 8 Pages

    have one minute to memorize the cards. After that, teacher takes down all flashcards. Students work in groups and each group has two minutes to write down as many of the words as they can remember. The group has the most correct words is the winner. Drilling Activities Invisible Flash cards Teacher sticks 6-8 flashcards in a row on the board, then use a pen or a pointer to point to the flashcard when drilling. Teacher gradually takes down the flashcards but keep on pointing to the grid of the removed

  • Criminal Investigative Analysis

    1279 Words  | 6 Pages

    Criminal Investigative Analysis, also known as criminal (offender) profiling, is an investigative tool which is used within the law enforcement community to help solve violent crimes. According to Canter (2005), an investigative psychology describes a framework that integrates several range of aspects in to all contexts of criminal and civil investigation.The analysis is based on a review of evidence from the crime scene and from witnesses and victims. The analysis is done from both an investigative

  • The Pros And Cons Of Authentic Assessment

    812 Words  | 4 Pages

    When discussing assessments most people envision a pen and paper evaluation that measures the acquired knowledge on any given subject. While this is partly true it’s important as educators that we understand that there are many different ways that a student’s knowledge can be assessed. One ideal way is to provide the students with an authentic assessment. Authentic assessments demonstrate what a student actually learns in class rather than their ability to do well on traditional tests. Which makes

  • Southwest Airlines Strengths And Weaknesses

    1557 Words  | 7 Pages

    SWOT Analysis One strength of Southwest Airlines is the strong fleet base, which enhances the company ability to deliver services effectively. The airline has one of the biggest fleets of Boeing aircraft globally, with multiple models of the aircraft, which helps with the effectiveness of their services. Other strengths are the revenue-increase using point-to-point service strategy, and the low-price strategy, which helps to maintain the volume of the passengers. The point-to-point services save

  • The Four Language Skills

    1339 Words  | 6 Pages

    The Interactive Model The interactive model takes into consideration the continuous interaction between The bottom-up and The top-down processing in the text's meaning building (p: 93-100) . 4. Reading Strategies Many researchers in the area of reading strategies studies have used different types of strategies; these strategies are as follows: predicting, inferring,

  • Essay About Language Games

    2542 Words  | 11 Pages

    Introduction: Teacher education is foundation of good education for students. For giving good education to child, the role of teacher is important. A teacher should not only be a knowledgeable person but he should be trained enough to teach students. Teaching is an art to educate the students which can be enhanced by training. It implies there has to be training programme for teachers so as to make them competent enough to impart education. Curriculum of teacher education involves foundational knowledge

  • How Does Disney Influence Culture

    719 Words  | 3 Pages

    we embrace in addition to beliefs, behaviors (except instinctual ones), and practices. In my opinion, deals like the Disney-Fox merger greatly influence culture and consumption. There is something inherently unsettling about a single company owning up to 40% of the entertainment market. The documentary titled “Behind the Screens: Hollywood Goes Hypercommercial” makes some solid arguments relating to this. With a single company

  • IKEA Leadership Style

    1478 Words  | 6 Pages

    tyrant style ought to typically just be utilized on uncommon events. As a consultant, I preferred fair leadership style which is currently using by IKEA administration. IKEA is as of now utilizing the fair leadership style, this style has ended up being extremely viable, IKEA permit workers to get required in the basic leadership by giving their criticism, this style is not an indication of shortcoming, and rather it is an indication of quality that representatives have developed to regard. This

  • Advantages Of Learning English

    2507 Words  | 11 Pages

    want to speak like a native speaker. However, no matter how hard you try, or worse still, no matter how much time and effort you have put in learning English, you could hardly grasp those essential words. Now, start asking yourself whether you are fed up of learning English. Are you frustrated watching English words you spent so much time learning simply disappear from your brain? I know you will feel horrible and bad, aren’t you? Now, I want you to consider how different things are if you could absorb

  • Importance Of Infantilization In Education

    870 Words  | 4 Pages

    In the first phase, to understand the usefulness of infantilization, we need first to appreciate the meaning of this area. In many places, accordingly, the most prominent characteristic of Infantilization is that the more the learner acts or feels like an infant, the better he could acquire the target language. In the perception of education, infantilization is a normal phenomenon associated with authority, in other words, prestige. Ordinarily, in infantilization learning, authority is employed to

  • Advantages Of Incremental Testing

    1659 Words  | 7 Pages

    integrated and tested. Test Case4: Module L, O, OS, P, CP will be integrated and tested. And so on other test cases are derived. Merits of Top-down Methodology  Early exposure of architecture defects  It outlines the working of an application as a whole in early stages and helps in early disclosure of design defects.  Main control points are tested early De-merits of Top-down

  • Software Testing Strategies: Software Test Case Design Methods

    1591 Words  | 7 Pages

    7 Software Testing Strategies A strategy for software Testing integrates software test case design methods into a well planned Series of steps that result in successful Construction of software that result in successful construction of software. Software testing Strategies gives the road map for testing. A software testing Strategy should be flexible enough to promote a customized testing approach at same time it must be right enough. Strategy is generally developed by project managers

  • Top Up Approach In Disaster Management

    1015 Words  | 5 Pages

    Top-down and bottom-up are the common approaches in planning and management. Top-down planning focuses on policy implementation lead by central governments as the policymaker. It tries to answer some questions related to consistency of objectives achievement outlined attained by implementing officials and target groups (Sabatier, 1986). Central government use defined procedures and standards to measure all planning achievements. However, there are limitations of top-down approach in implementing

  • Advantages And Disadvantages Of A Work Breakdown Structure

    1172 Words  | 5 Pages

    Department of Public Works (D.O.P.W) commissioned the organisation I work for to design and construct a five-storey building that will be used as an office building in Durban. A project team was assembled, and I was made the project manager. Upon going to a site inspection, it was revealed that the site the construction will take place has problematic soil. We therefore needed to make use of deep foundations in our design. What is a Work Breakdown Structure(WBS)? The A Guide to the PMBOK (2013: 593)

  • Service Loose Coupling Research Paper

    974 Words  | 4 Pages

    primary design principles of SOA are; • Service Loose Coupling • Service Abstraction • Service Reusability • Standardized Service Contract   These are the goals that were set for the design principles. • Increased Intrinsic Interoperability • Increased Federation • Increased Vendor Diversification Options • Increased Business and Technology Domain Alignment • Increased ROI • Increased Organizational Agility • Reduced IT Burden References Erl, T. (2008). SOA principles of service design (1st ed)

  • Pet Hoe Research Paper

    841 Words  | 4 Pages

    for some dogs. With a weigh capacity of 150 lbs and rubber on the bottom to prevent it from sliding, this bedside ramp for dogs has a carpeted tread surface that could be removed and washed in your washing machine. It has a size of 16"x 16" x 28", a stair rise of five inches and a weight of 11 lbs. As a whole, a good choice if you are looking for a compact pet bed ramp. One buyer comments that her 7-pound Maltese goes up and down the Pet Gear dog ramp without any problems. The reviewer also

  • Coffeemaker Research Paper

    1328 Words  | 6 Pages

    fluid flow, electronics, manufacturing, and controls. The coffee machine, shown in Figure 1, illustrates several engineering principles from various disciplines, including chemical and mechanical engineers. Both engineering disciplines are used to design heat transfers, condensers, and the systems of multiphase transport of fluids, in addition to manufacture plastic and glass components. To further exemplify, the coffee machine in the figure above displays examples of several chemical engineering

  • Importance Of Project Planning

    2149 Words  | 9 Pages

    and the other steps are going to be presented and discussed later in the chapter. Directing the Joint Project Planning Sessions The JPPS is a gathering session in which the majority of the individuals who are included in the project meet to build up the definite plan. The session can last from one to three days, and it can be very hand to conduct and demanding. Clash between session participants is regular, yet the product of this gathering session is an understanding about how the project can

  • Listening Strategies In The Listening Process

    1144 Words  | 5 Pages

    the category of receptive skills, the aforementioned statement implies that the listening skill along with the underlying techniques to construct meaning and achieve comprehension have been neglected. However, the position of listening in curriculum design and implementation has been widely restored. Dunkel (1986) emphasizes on the importance of incorporating listening at the very beginning of the learning process on the grounds that it contributes to the mastery of the second language. Moreover, listening

  • Water Filtration Lab Report

    763 Words  | 4 Pages

    we were instructed to design our own water filters in order to filter out as many particulates and living organisms to make the dirty pool water as pure as possible. Our water filter test consisted of a 2L soda bottle that we cup the top off and inverted to make a funnel. We then built our filter bottom up, starting with a rubber banding a coffee filter to the bottom as a final catch-all for the finest particles. In the nozzle of the bottle we stuffed 2 cotton balls. On top of the cotton balls we